AiM  Vol.4 No.1 , January 2014
Molecular Detection and Association of QnrA, QnrB, QnrS and BlaCMY Resistance Genes among Clinical Isolates of Salmonella spp. in Iran
ABSTRACT

Prevalence of three plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinant qnrA, qnrB, qnrS and extended spectrum Cephalosporins determinant blaCMY, among eighty-five isolates of Salmonella spp. collected in the community between 2008 and 2010 was determined by PCR. Not only qnr genes but also bla genes were positive in twenty-four different isolates. PCR assay detected that 22 of 85 (25.8%) Salmonella spp. carried the qnrA, 1 (1.17%) of 85 isolates harbored the qnrB, 1 (1.17%) of them contained the qnrS, 1 (1.17%) isolate carried all the three qnrA, qnrB, qnrS genes, 24 of 85 (28.2%) Salmonella carried blaCMY and 5 (5.88%) isolates carried qnrA and blaCMY. Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of isolates were as follows: 49 (57.6%) exhibited resistance to Nalidixic acid and none of them to Ciprofloxacin. 33 (38.82%) isolates exhibited resistance to Cephalosporins and 2 (2.35%) of them exhibited ESBL phenotype and 12 (14.1%) isolates resistance to Ampicilin. These results were confirmed by MIC determination test as well. Having detected qnr and bla genes suggested that these genes spread antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria.



Cite this paper
R. Saboohi, B. Rajaei, N. Rad, M. Razavi, M. Aghasadeghi, A. Moshiri, A. Bahremand, K. Kave, P. Kave, M. Zangeneh, M. Rahbar, S. Sarvestani and S. Siadat, "Molecular Detection and Association of QnrA, QnrB, QnrS and BlaCMY Resistance Genes among Clinical Isolates of Salmonella spp. in Iran," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2014, pp. 63-68. doi: 10.4236/aim.2014.41010.
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