Back
 AJAC  Vol.5 No.1 , January 2014
Synthesis of ABA Type Block Copolymers of Poly(Ethylene Glycol) and Poly(Dodecyl Vinyl Ether) and Its Using as Surfactant in Emulsion Polymerization
Abstract: A poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) based macroinitiator (MI) with terminal chloride atom at both ends was prepared by the reaction of PEG-400 with chloroacetyl chloride and used for the cationic polymerization of dodecyl vinyl ether (DVE) yielding ABA type block copolymer. The block copolymer was then used as the surfactant for the emulsion polymerization of vinyl acetate and styrene in the presence of potassium persulfate as an initiator. The effects of new polymeric emulsifier on the physicochemical properties of obtained latexes were investigated depending on surfactant percentage in homopolymerizations.
Cite this paper: Y. Gursel, A. Sarac and B. Senkal, "Synthesis of ABA Type Block Copolymers of Poly(Ethylene Glycol) and Poly(Dodecyl Vinyl Ether) and Its Using as Surfactant in Emulsion Polymerization," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 5 No. 1, 2014, pp. 39-44. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2014.51006.
References

[1]   F. A. Bovey, I. M. Kolthoff, A. I. Medalia and E. J. Meehan, “Emulsion Polymerization,” Interscience Publishers, New York, 1965.

[2]   D. C. Blackley, “Emulsion Polymerization. Theory and Practice,” Applied Science, London, 1975.

[3]   R. M. Fitch, “Polymer Colloids: A Comprehensive Introduction,” Academic Press, London, 1997.

[4]   C. S. Chern, “Emulsion Polymerization Mechanisms and Kinetics,” Progress in Polymer Science, Vol. 31, No. 5, 2006, pp. 443-486.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2006.02.001

[5]   A. Montoya-Goni, D. C. Sherrington, H. A. S. Schoonbrood and J. M. Asua, “Reactive Surfactants in Heterophase Polymerization. XXIV. Emulsion Polymerization of Styrene with Maleateand Succinate-Containing Cationic Surfactants,” Polymer, Vol. 40, No. 6, 1999, pp. 1359-1366.

[6]   M. J. Rosen, “Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena,” 2nd Edition, Wiley Interscience, New York, 1989.

[7]   S. S. Soni, N. V. Sastry, V. K. Aswal and P. S. Goyal, “Micellar Structure of Silicone Surfactants in Water from Surface Activity, SANS and Viscosity Studies,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 106, No. 10, 2002, pp. 2606-2617. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0129434

[8]   S. Liu and S. P. Armes, “Recent Advances in the Synthesis of Polymeric Surfactants,” Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2001, pp. 249-256.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-0294(01)00090-5

[9]   J. S. Wang and K. Matyjaszewski, “Controlled ‘Living’ Radical Polymerization. Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization in the Presence of Transition-Metal Complexes,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 117, No. 20, 1995, pp. 5614-5615.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00125a035

[10]   M. Kato, M. Kamagaito, M. Sawamoto and T. Higashimura, “Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate with the Carbon Tetrachloride/Dichlorotris-(triphenylphosphine) ruthenium(II)/Methylaluminum Bis(2,6-di-tert-butyl phenoxide) Initiating System: Possibility of Living Radical Polymerization,” Macromolecules, Vol. 28, No. 5, 1995, pp. 1721-1723. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma00109a056

[11]   T. E. Patten and K. Matyjaszewski, “Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization and the Synthesis of Polymeric Materials,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 10, No. 12, 1998, pp. 901-915.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4095(199808)10:12<901::AID-ADMA901>3.0.CO;2-B

[12]   K. Matyjaszewski, J. Qiu, N. V. Tsarevsky and B. Charleux, “Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of n-Butyl Methacrylate in an Aqueous Dispersed System: A Miniemulsion Approach,” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 38, No. S1, 2000, pp. 4724-4734. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1099-0518(200012)38:1+<4724::AID-POLA120>3.0.CO;2-Q

[13]   D. H. Haddleton, S. Perrier and S. A. F. Bon, “Copper (I)-Mediated Living Radical Polymerization in the Presence of Oxyethylene Groups: Online H-1 NMR Spectroscopy to Investigate Solvent Effects,” Macromolecules, Vol. 33, No. 22, 2000, pp. 8246-8251.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma001097c

[14]   X. S. Wang and S. P. Armes, “Facile Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Methoxy-Capped Oligo(Ethylene Glycol) Methacrylate in Aqueous Media at Ambient Temperature,” Macromolecules, Vol. 33, No. 18, 2000, pp. 6640-6647. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma000671h

[15]   F. Zeng, Y. Shen, S. Zhu and R. Pelton, “Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of 2-(Dimethylamino)Ethyl Methacrylate in Aqueous Media,” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 38, No. 20, 2000, pp. 3821-3827.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1099-0518(20001015)38:20<3821::AID-POLA130>3.0.CO;2-G

[16]   G. Moad, J. Chiefari, Y. K. Chong, J. Krstina, R. T. A. Mayadunne, A. Postma, E. Rizzardo and S. H. Thang, “Living Free Radical Polymerization with Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (the Life of RAFT),” Polymer International, Vol. 49, No. 9, 2000, pp. 993-1001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1097-0126(200009)49:9<993::AID-PI506>3.0.CO;2-6

[17]   D. Exerowaa, G. Gotcheva, T. Kolarova, K. Kristova, B. Leveckeb and T. Tadros, “Comparison of Oil-in-Water Emulsion Films Produced Using ABA or ABn Copolymers,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem Eng Aspects, Vol. 335, No. 1, 2009, pp. 50-54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2008.10.025

[18]   G. Riess and C. Labbe, “Block Copolymers in Emulsion and Dispersion Polymerization,” Macromol Rapid Commun, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2004, pp. 401-435.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/marc.200300048

[19]   J. Zhang, M. R. Dubay, C. J. Houtman and S. J. Severtson, “Sulfonated Amphiphilic Block Copolymers: Synthesis, Self-Assembly in Water, and Application as Stabilizer in Emulsion Polymerization,” Macromolecules, Vol. 42, No. 14, 2009, pp. 5080-5090.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma900795f

[20]   Y. J. Kim, Y. Nagasaki, K. Kataoka, M. Kato, M. Yokoyama, T. Okano and Y. Sakurai, “Heterobifunctional Poly(Ethylene Oxide)-One-Pot Synthesis of Poly(Ethylene Oxide) with a Primary Amino Group at One End and a Hydroxyl Group at the Other End,” Vol. 33, No. 10, 1994, pp. l-6.

[21]   C. Heldmann, R. I. Cabrera, B. Momper, R. Kuropka and K. Zimmerschied, “Influence of Nonionic Emulsifiers on the Properties of Vinyl Acetate/VeoVa10 and Vinyl Acetate/Ethylene Emulsions and Paints,” Progress in Organic Coatings, Vol. 35, No. 1, 1999, pp. 69-77.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0300-9440(99)00025-9

[22]   K. Landfester, “Polyreactions in Miniemulsions,” Macromolecular Rapid Communications, Vol. 22, No. 12, 2001, pp. 896-936.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1521-3927(20010801)22:12<896::AID-MARC896>3.0.CO;2-R

[23]   D. H. Napper and A. E. Alexander, “Polymerization of Vinyl Acetate in Aqueous Media. Part II. The Kinetic Behavior in the Presence of Low Concentrations of Added Soaps,” Journal of Polymer Science, Vol. 61, No. 171, 1962, pp. 127-133.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pol.1962.1206117116

 
 
Top