Since late 1990s, China has
made smooth progress in ecological conservation and construction. Now, the
following characteristics of ecological protection are presented: 1) China is
still facing severe challenges in ecological conservation and construction; 2)
The advanced areas with extensive growth model and the underdeveloped areas
that are ecologically sensitive co-exist in China; and 3) As a country in
transition, China needs to explore national pathway for ecological protection,
while facing the trends of being institutionalized, integrated and necessitated
for the global ecological protection efforts. The key of ecological protection
in China is to seek an optimal model and an effective pathway which can balance
economic growth and environmental protection, to recognize the difference and
non-replicability of ecosystems, and to effectively combine the institutional
development and engineering construction of ecological protection.
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