The goal of this study is the evaluation of pollution by the
physic-chemical characterization of urban wastewaters discharged in the river R’dom of the town Sidi Kacem. The motivation of
this study is multiple firstly to give an answer to the choice of methods of
treatment of raw sewage and secondly to raise awareness of the pollution of the
river R’dom who is a source of irrigation in the region. The physic-chemical
analyses were carried out on the level of the collector 1 (domestic collector
of the Zaouia District) and that of collector 2 (domestic collector of the
allotments Thami Amar, road of Tangier and Saada), during the year 2012 at the
same time “in situ” and at the Laboratory of
Environment (Faculty of Sciences Kenitra). The polluting load out of organic
matter (DBO5, DCO, MES), out of mineral matter (Cl-, Ca2+,
Mg2+, K+, , Na+) and out of nitrogenized matter (, , Nitrogenize
total) was more important, except for the temperature and of the pH which are
in conformity with the Moroccan standards of rejection. Ratios DCO/DBO5,
DBO5/DCO and MES/DBO5 inform about the biodegradability of these effluents and permitted choice
of the suitable treatment process. Indeed, results obtained show that the domestic
effluents exceed the national standards of rejection, which requires an
intervention of the competent
jurisdictions in order to preserve the public health, to protect the
environment and install an efficient sewage treatment plant to ensure a sustainable development.
Cite this paper
Rhaouat, O. , Kherrati, I. , khayyat, F. , Chiguer, H. , Ezziani, K. , Ibeda, A. , Fareh, M. , Saidi, Y. , Kharim, K. and Belghyti, D. (2014) Physic-Chemical Evaluation of Urban Wastewater of the Town of Sidi Kacem. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering
, 30-35. doi: 10.4236/cweee.2014.31004
 H. El Mostafa, “Effect of the Domestic and Industrial Liquid Wastes on the Quality of Groundwaters North of the Town of Settat (Morocco),” Bulletin of the Scientific Institute, Folds Back, Section Life Sciences, No. 28, 2006, pp. 61-71.
 WHO, “The Re-Use of the Effluents: Methods of Medical Treatment of Waste Waters and Protection Measures,” Series of Reports of WHO, No. 517, 1973, 68 p.
 M. Bzioui, “Report National 2004 on the Water Resources in Morocco,” 2004, 94 p.
 ONEP, “Report: Study of Cleansing of the Town of Sidi Kacem,” 2006, 101 p.
 ABS, “Basin of Sebou Fès,” Morocco Agency, 2006.
 GCPH, “General Census of the Population and the Habitat,” Morocco, 2004.
 MEMEE, “State Quality Rivers Sebou Basin, Morocco,” Minister for Energy, the Mines, Water and the Environment, Department of Water, 2000-2001.
 J. Rodier, “Analyzes; Natural Water, Waste Water, Sea Water,” 8th Edition, Denod, Paris, 1996, 1383 p.
 MEM, “Moroccan Standards, Official Bulletin of Morocco,” Ministry of Environment of Morocco, Rabat, No. 5062, 2002.
 CSS, “Committee Standards and Standard,” Department of the Environment of Morocco, Folds Back, 1994.
 DRPW, “State of the Quality of the Water Resources in the Hydraulic Region of Sebou,” Direction of the Research and the Planning of Water, Rabat, 1992-1993.
 M. Abouelouafa, H. El Halouani, M. Kharboua and A. Berrichi, “Physicochemical and Bacteriological Characterization of Rough Waste Waters of the Town of Oujda: Principal Channel and Wadi Bounaim,” Act Inst Agro et Vete Hassan II, Vol. 3, 2002, pp. 143-150.
 H. El Halouani, “Re-Use of Waste Waters in Agriculture and Their Impact on Environment: Case of the Oujda,” Thesis State, Faculty of Science, Oujda, 1995.
 B. El Hamouri, M. Mekrane, K. Khallaayoune, Merzouki and M. El Maroufy, “Performances of Stabilization of the Station of Ouarzazate,” Acts of the Seminar: National Research in the Water Field and Environment, LPEE, Casa, 1993, pp. 261-268.
 S. Oulkheir, “Physico-Chemical and Microbiological Characteristics of Waste Waters of the Town of Kenitra,” DESA, Kenitra, Faculty of Science, 2002, 79 p.
 A. Bes-Pia, J. A. Mendoza-Roca, M. I. Alcaina-Miranda, A. Iborra-Clar and M. I. Borra-Clar, “Reuse of Wastewater of the Textile Industry after Its Treatment with a Combination of Physic-Chemical Treatment and Membrane Technologies,” Desalination, Vol. 149, 2002, pp. 169174.
 L. B. Sonnenberg and J. C. Holmes, “Physic-Chemical Characteristics of Dissolved Organic Matter in Untreated and Treated Pulp and Paper Millet Wastewaters,” International Proceedings TAPPI Environmental Conference, Vancouver, 1998.
 D. Endamana, I. M. Kengne, J. Gockowski, J. Nya, D. Wandji, J. Nyemeck, N. R. Soua and J. N. N. Bakwowi, “Wastewater Reuse for Urban and Periurban Agriculture in Yaounde Cameroon: Opportunities and Constraints,” International Symposium on Water, Poverty and Productive Uses of Water at the Household Level, Mulders Drift Transistor, South Africa, 2003.
 I. O. Asia and E. E. Akporhonor, “Characterization and Physicochemical Treatment of Waste Waters of the Factory of Transformation of Rubber,” International Review of Physical Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2007, pp. 61-67.
 T. V. Otokunefor and C. Obiukwu, “Impact of Refinery Effluent on the Physic-Chemical Properties of a Water Body in the Niger Delta,” 2005.
 Y. Salama, Mr. Mountadar, M. Rihani and O. Assobhei, “Physico-Chemical and Bacteriological Evaluation of Rough Waste Waters of the Town of El Jadida (Morocco),” Science Lib Editions Mersenne, Vol. 4, 2012, Article ID: 120906.
 H. Alvares-Vazquez, B. Jefferson and S. J. Judd, “Membrane Bioreactors vs, Conventional Biological,” Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 79, No. 10, 2004, pp. 1043-1049.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.1072
 MRPWE, “National Plan of the Water of Morocco,” Ministry of Regional Planning, Water and of Environment, Acts Regional Paper Seminar on the National Plans of Water, Rabat, 2006.