Lyme disease (LD) and idiopathic sudden deafness (ISD) are supposed to be different diseases with different aetiologies. In an attempt to confirm this assumption, 10 patients with confirmed LD and 12 patients with ISD were consecutively included into the study. Further to the laboratory and audio logical investigation, a low frequency sound (LFS) stimulation on posturography was performed and evaluated. Patients with ISD had higher pure tone average (PTA) than patients with LD (PTA ISD/LD was 72 decibel (dB)/23 dB). There was no difference of vertigo between LD and ISD patients. Patients with ISD have more body sway velocity during the first stimulation than patients with LD. We conclude that the cochlear organ is more affected in ISD patients than in patients with LD. However, the vestibular organ seems to be affected in both diseases. ISD and LD are two different disease entities with different aetiologies but with common otological clinical signs.
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