AJAC  Vol.5 No.1 , January 2014
Complexing Properties of Acid Alizarin Violet with Copper, Cobalt and Nickel in Micellar Media Containing SDS, CTAB and TX-100
Abstract: The interaction of the dye acid alizarin violet (AVN) with three transition metals was followed spectrophotometrically in water and in micellar solutions of the cationic cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), the anionic sodium dode- cyl sulfate (SDS) and the nonionic triton X-100 (TX-100). The stoichiometric ratios for the complexes of AVN with each metal ion were determined by the mole ratio and the continuous variation methods. In water, the metal to dye ratios in the complexes were 1:2, 1:3 and 1:1 for Cu2+, Co2+ and Ni2+, respectively. For Ni2+ the ratio changed to 1:3 in micellar CTAB. All other ratios were unchanged in the three micellar solutions. The formation constant (βn) of the complex in water was 1.00 × 1010 for Cu2+, 4.66 × 1014 for Co2+ and 9.03 × 104 for Ni2+. βn decreased in micellar TX-100: for Cu2+ to 6.88 × 108, for Co2+ to 1.56 × 1014 and for Ni2+ to 8.65 × 104. By contrast, micellar CTAB increased βn for Cu2+ and Ni2+. For Cu2+, the increase was to 5.19 × 1010, but for Ni2+ a large jump was observed, to 1.16 × 1015. For Co2+, βn dropped to 2.16 × 1014 in CTAB. Micellar SDS decreased βn for Cu2+ and Co2+ complexes to 5.38 × 109 and 1.76 × 1014, respectively, but increased that of the Ni2+ complex to 4.40 × 105. These observations were explained in terms of structural properties.
Cite this paper: F. Jumean, M. El-Dakiky, A. Manassra, M. Kareem, M. Alhaj and M. Khamis, "Complexing Properties of Acid Alizarin Violet with Copper, Cobalt and Nickel in Micellar Media Containing SDS, CTAB and TX-100," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 5 No. 1, 2014, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2014.51001.

[1]   R. Soomro, M. Ahmed, N. Memon and H. Khan, “A Simple and Selective Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination of Trace Gold in Real, Environmental, Biological, Geological and Soil Samples Using Bis(Salicylaldehyde) Orthophenylenediamine,” Journal of Analytical Chemistry Insights, Vol. 3, 2008, pp. 75-90.

[2]   C. Sabel, J. Neureuther and S. Siemann, “A Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination of Zinc, Copper, and Cobalt Ions in Metalloproteins Using Zincon,” Analytical Biochemistry, Vol. 397, No. 2, 2010, pp. 218-226.

[3]   H. Pouretedal, P. Sononi, M. Keshavarz and A. Semnani, “Simultaneous Determination of Cobalt and Iron Using First Derivative Spectrophotometric and H-Point Standard Addition Methods in Micellar Media,” Chemistry, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2009, pp. 23-35.

[4]   M. Dakiky and I. Nemacova, “Aggregation of o,o'-Dihydroxy Azo Dyes III. Effect of Cationic, Anionic and NonIonic Surfactants on the Electronic Spectra of 2-Hydroxy5-nitro-phenylazo-4-[3-methyl-1-(4''-sulfophenyl)-5-pyrazolone],” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 44, No. 3, 2000, pp. 181-193.

[5]   T. H. Con, I. Nemacova, I. Nemec and V. Suk, “A Spectrophotometric Study of the Reaction of Tin with Bromopyrogallol Red in the Presence of Cetylpyridinium Bromide,” Analytica Chimica Acta, Vol. 115, 1980, pp. 279-284.

[6]   H. Goa and N. Hu, “Langmuir Aggregation of Bordeaux R on a Cationic Surfactant and Its Application to Sensitive Quantitative Determination of Copper,” Journal of Solution Chemistry, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2002, pp. 165-174.

[7]   L. Meites and H. C. Thomas, “Advanced Analytical Chemistry,” McGraw Hill, New York, 1958.

[8]   R. Price, “The Chemistry of Metal Complex Dye Stuffs,” In: K. Venkatarman, Ed., The Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes, Academic Press, Cambridge, Vol. 3, 1970, pp. 308-359.

[9]   M. S. Masoud, A. M. G. Nassar, A. S. Abdelhameed and M. M. Dakiky, “Models in Chemistry,” Acta Chimica Hungaricae, Vol. 129, No. 5, 1992, pp. 631-640.

[10]   E. R. Trotman, “Dyeing and Chemical Technology of Textile Fibers,” 6th Edition, Charles Griffin, Glasgow, 1984.

[11]   M. Dakiky, “Hydroxy Azo Dyes and Their Interaction with Surfactants,” Ph.D. Thesis, Charles University, Prague, 1992.

[12]   A. T. Pilipenko and L. I. Savransky, “Selectivity and Sensitivity of Metal Determination by Co-Ordination Compounds,” Talanta, Vol. 34, No. 1, 1987, pp. 77-86.

[13]   F. A. Snavely and W. C. Fernelius, “Stabilities of Metal Derivatives of o-Substituted Azo Dyes,” Science, Vol. 117, No. 3027, 1953, pp. 15-16.

[14]   L. Krpejsova, L. Cermakova and J. Podlahova, “A Study of the Interaction of Triton X-100 with Methyl-Orange: Comparison with the Effects of Cyclodextrin,” Tenside Surfactants Detergents, Vol. 28, No. 5, 1991, pp. 366-369.

[15]   M. Dakiky, H. Dweik, K. Kanaan, I. Kayali, M. Khamis, A. Manasra, S. Najdi and I. Odeh, “Physico-Chemical Investigation of Buffer-Indicator Interactions in the Presence of Surfactants, Effect of Triton X-100 on the Thermodynamic Parameters of Ionization of Methyl Orange,” Journal of Al-Azhar Univesity, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1999, pp. 23-31.

[16]   M. Dakiky, M. Khamis, A. Manasra and K. Takrouri, “Effect of Surfactants on the Thermodynamic Properties of Methyl Orange Dye in Buffered Solutions,” Coloration Technology, Vol. 118, No. 4, 2002, pp. 191-197.

[17]   P. K. Dutta and S. N. Bhat, “Interaction of Phenazinium Dyes and Methyl Orange with Micelles of Various Charge Types,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 106, No. 2-3, 1996, pp. 127-134.

[18]   M. Dakiky, A. Manassra, M. Abdul Kareem, F. Jumean and M. Khamis, “Acid Alizarin Violet Interactions with Surfactants: Ionization and Thermodynamic Parameters in Buffered Cationic, Anionic and Nonionic Surfactant Solutions,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 63, No. 1, 2004, pp. 101-113.

[19]   J. Fabian and H. H. Hartmann, “Light Absorption of Organic Colorants,” Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980.

[20]   O. Abollino and C. Sarzanini, “Trace Metal Preconcentration with Sulphonated Azo-Dyes and ICP/AES Determination,” Spectrochimica Acta, Vol. 49A, No. 9, 1993, pp. 1411-1421.

[21]   P. F. Gordon and P. Gregory, “Organic Chemistry in Colour,” Springer, Berlin, 1983.

[22]   R. Price, “The Chemistry of Metal Complex Dyestuffs,” In: K. Venkatarman, Ed., The Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes, Academic Press, Cambridge, 1970, p. 303.

[23]   S. Wang and S. Shen, “Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Thermal Properties of a Series of Azo Metal Chelate Dyes,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 44, No. 3, 2000, pp. 195-198.