The objective of this study is to clarify the
details regarding nursing care that is currently provided in terms of the
situation regarding medical examinations for children with developmental
disabilities and to discuss necessary nursing care. I conducted semi-structured
interviews among 13 parents brining up children with developmental disabilities
and analyzed the content of verbatim reports both qualitatively and
functionally. Regarding those situations when they feel difficult at the time
of undergoing medical examinations at the medical institute, the following four
categories were extracted: painful treatment; difficulty in predicting;
difficulty in communicating; and trouble in the waiting room. Regarding nursing
care felt necessary at the time of undergoing medical examinations, the following six categories were extracted:
technique while suppressing pain to a minimum; involvement in providing perspective;
adjustment of surrounding environment; provision of opportunities to get
acclimatized; provision of warm support; and understanding of patient
characteristics. Many difficulties regarding medical examinations were revealed
and it was found that they have concerns with regard to health management. It
has been suggested that it is important to adjust the surrounding environment
during medical examinations.
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