Lin, L.L., Shih, Y.F., Tsai, C.B., et al. (1999) Epidemiologic study of ocular refraction among schoolchildren in Taiwan in 1995. Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 76, 275-281. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006324-199905000-00013
 He, M., Zheng, Y. and Xiang, F. (2009) Prevalence of myopia in urban and rural children in mainland China. Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 86, 40-44.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0b013e3181940719
 Quek, T.P., Chua, C.G., Chong, C.S., et al. (2004) Prevalence of refractive errors in teenage high school students in Singapore. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: The Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians, 24, 47-55.
 Lam, C.S., Goldschmidt, E. and Edwards, M.H. (2004) Prevalence of myopia in local and international schools in Hong Kong. Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 81, 317-322. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.opx.0000134905.98403.18
 Jones, L.A., Sinnott, L.T., Mutti, D.O., Mitchell, G.L., Moeschberger, M.L. and Zadnik, K. (2007) Parental history of myopia, sports and outdoor activities, and future myopia. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 48, 3524-3532. http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.06-1118
 Liu, H.H., Xu, L., Wang, Y.X., Wang, S., You, Q.S. and Jonas, J.B. (2010) Prevalence and progression of myopic retinopathy in Chinese adults: The Beijing eye study. Ophthalmology, 117, 1763-1768.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2010.01.020
 Rose, K.A., Morgan, I.G., Ip, J., et al. (2008) Outdoor activity reduces the prevalence of myopia in children. Ophthalmology, 115, 1279-1285.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2007.12.019
 Guggenheim, J.A., Northstone, K., McMahon, G., et al. (2012) Time outdoors and physical activity as predictors of incident myopia in childhood: A prospective cohort study. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 53, 2856-2865. http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.11-9091
 Saw, S.M., Katz, J., Schein, O.D., Chew, S.J. and Chan, T.K. (1996) Epidemiology of myopia. Epidemiologic Reviews, 18, 175-187.http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.epirev.a017924
 Gwiazda, J., Deng, L., Dias, L., Marsh-Tootle, W. and Group CS (2011) Association of education and occupation with myopia in COMET parents. Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 88, 1045-1053.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0b013e31822171ad
 Fulk, G.W., Cyert, L.A. and Parker, D.E. (2000) A randomized trial of the effect of single-vision vs. bifocal lenses on myopia progression in children with esophoria. Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry, 77, 395-401.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006324-200008000-00006
 Walline, J.J., Jones, L.A., Mutti, D.O. and Zadnik, K. (2004) A randomized trial of the effects of rigid contact lenses on myopia progression. Archives of Ophthalmology, 122, 1760-1766. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archopht.122.12.1760
 Hanley, J.A. and McNeil, B.J. (1982) The meaning and use of the area under a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Radiology, 143, 29-36.
 Campbell, G. (1994) Advances in statistical methodology for the evaluation of diagnostic and laboratory tests. Statistics in Medicine, 13, 499-508.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sim.4780130513
 Konstantopoulos, A., Yadegarfar, G. and Elgohary, M. (2008) Near work, education, family history, and myopia in Greek conscripts. Eye, 22, 542-546.http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.eye.6702693
 Mutti, D.O., Mitchell, G.L., Moeschberger, M.L., Jones, L.A. and Zadnik, K. (2002) Parental myopia, near work, school achievement, and children’s refractive error. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 43, 3633-3640.
 Saw, S.M., Hong, C.Y., Chia, K.S., Stone, R.A. and Tan, D. (2001) Nearwork and myopia in young children. Lancet, 357, 390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)71520-8
 Saw, S.M., Chua, W.H., Hong, C.Y., et al. (2002) Nearwork in early-onset myopia. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 43, 332-339.
 Parssinen, O. and Lyyra, A.L. (1993) Myopia and myopic progression among schoolchildren: A three-year followup study. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 34, 2794-2802.
 Rosner, M. and Belkin, M. (1987) Intelligence, education, and myopia in males. Archives of Ophthalmology, 105, 1508-1511. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archopht.1987.01060110054030
 Teasdale, T.W., Fuchs, J. and Goldschmidt, E. (1988) Degree of myopia in relation to intelligence and educational level. Lancet, 2, 1351-1354.
 Beedle, S.L. and Young, F.A. (1976) Values, personality, physical characteristics, and refractive error. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 53, 735-739.
 Gawron, V.J. (1983) Ocular accommodation, personality, and autonomic balance. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 60, 630-639.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006324-198307000-00011
 Guggenheim, J.A., Hill, C. and Yam, T.F. (2003) Myopia, genetics, and ambient lighting at night in a UK sample. The British Journal of Ophthalmology, 87, 580-582.http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.87.5.580