WJCS  Vol.4 No.1 , January 2014
Three Cases of ALCAPA with Associated Anomalies
ABSTRACT
There are several potential issues that affect the treatment and diagnostic pattern of anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery. We report three cases of infants who presented with anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery with severe left ventricular dysfunction and severe mitral regurgitation along with associated anomalies. One patient had congenital lobar emphysema of the right midde lobe. Another patient had left main stem bronchus compression, collapse of basal segments of left lower lobe and panlobular emphysema in medial basal segment of right lower lobe. The third patient had cleft lip and palate. All patients underwent successful repair. The hemodynamic stability was compromised when the infant with congenital lobar emphysema had spontaneous pneumothorax after extubation and she needed an intercostal drainage. The infant with lung collapse had to be reintubated on the second day since she became hypoxic due to recollapse of the lung once the airway positive pressure was removed. She needed chest physiotherapy, vigorous endotracheal suctioning and inhaled bronchodilator therapy. The patient who had cleft palate succumbed to aspiration pneumonitis in the postoperative period. Follow-up of other two patients after three months showed very good improvement in left ventricular systolic function.

Cite this paper
B. Karthekeyan, P. Thangavelu, J. Rethinasamy, M. Vakamudi, S. Muthukumar, R. Kodali, K. Sambandham and S. Nandipati, "Three Cases of ALCAPA with Associated Anomalies," World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2014, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.4236/wjcs.2014.41001.
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