OJMP  Vol.3 No.1 , January 2014
Freud’s Theory and the Group Mind Theory: Formulations
ABSTRACT
This study aimed to reconsider some concepts of the psychoanalytic theory on group mind. Group psychology is concerned with the individual man as a member of a race, nation, caste, profession, or an institution, or as a component of a crowd of people that has been organized into a group at some particular time, for some specific purpose. Group psychology embraces an immense number of separate issues and offers investigators with countless problems, which have hitherto not even been properly distinguished from one another. Reflections presented in this paper were particularly inspired by Freud’s work on Group psychology and analysis of the ego and approaches to the chaos theory, especially, the fact that groups emerge as systems that exhibit unstable, aperiodic and highly complex behavior, with a tendency to self-organization.

Cite this paper
C. Capitão, "Freud’s Theory and the Group Mind Theory: Formulations," Open Journal of Medical Psychology, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2014, pp. 24-35. doi: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.31003.
References
[1]   S. Freud, “Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 18, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 67-143.

[2]   S. Freud, “Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 7, The Hogart Press, London, 1947, pp. 125-245.

[3]   S. Freud, “The Ego and the Id,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 19, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 3-66.

[4]   S. Freud, “Civilization and Its Discontents,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 21, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 59-145.

[5]   S. Freud, “The Psychogenesis of a Case of Homosexuality in a Woman,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 18, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 147-172.

[6]   S. Freud, “The Future of an Illusion,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 21, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 3-56.

[7]   J. Laplanche and J.-B. Pontalis, “Vocabulário de Psicanálise,” Martins Fontes, Sao Paulo, 1983.

[8]   D. Meltzer “The Psycho-Analytical Process,” Karnac, London, 2008.

[9]   R. Mezan, “Freud: A Trama dos Conceitos,” Perspectiva, Sao Paulo, 1982.

[10]   H. Nunberg, “Principles of Pscyhoanalysis,” International Universities Press, New York, 1989.

[11]   M. Klein, P. Heimann and R. E. Money-Kyrle, “Temas de Psicanálise Aplicada,” Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 1969.

[12]   D. Meltzer, “Sexual States of Mind,” Karnac, London, 2008.

[13]   T. H. Ogden, “Subjects of Analysis,” Karnac, London, 1994.

[14]   J. Brunner, “Oedipus Politicus: O Paradigma Freudiano das Relacos Sociais,” In: M. S. Roth, Ed., Freud Conflito e Cultura, Jorge Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 2000, pp. 76-86.

[15]   S. Freud, “Civilized Sexual Morality and Modern Nervous Illness,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 9, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 179-204.

[16]   S. Freud, “Some Psychical Consequences of the Anatomical Distinction between the Sexes,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 19, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 243-258.

[17]   S. Freud, “New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 22, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 3-182.

[18]   A. Aberastury, “Psicanálise da Crianca: Teoria e Técnica,” Artes Médicas, Porto Alegre, 1982.

[19]   P. Blos, “Adolescência: Uma Interpretacao Psicanalítica,” Martins Fontes, Sao Paulo, 1985.

[20]   E. Kalina “Psicoterapias de Adolescentes. Teoria, Técnica e Casos Clínicos,” Artmed, Porto Alegre, 1999.

[21]   D. L. Levisky, “Adolescência: Reflexies Psicanalíticas,” Casa do Psicólogo, Sao Paulo, 1998.

[22]   D. Meltzer, “The Claustrum: An Investigation of Claustophobic Phenomena,” The Roland Harris Education Trust, London, 1992.

[23]   S. Freud, “Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-Old Boy,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 10, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 3-149.

[24]   S. Freud, “Beyond the Pleasure Principle,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 18, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 7-64.

[25]   G. O. Gabbard, “Psychodynamic Psychiatry in Clinical Practice,” American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington DC and London, 2005.

[26]   S. Freud, “Mourning and Melancholia,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 14, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 239-258.

[27]   S. Freud, “Female Sexuality,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 21, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 223-243.

[28]   S. Freud, “Totem and Taboo,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 13, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 1-161.

[29]   H. P. Blum, “Da Sugestao ao Insight, da Hipnose à Psicanálise,” In: M. S. Roth, Ed., Freud Conflito e Cutura, Jorge Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 2000, pp. 87-95.

[30]   J. E. Toews, “Ter e Ser: A Evolucao da Teoria Freudiana do édipo Como Fábula Moral,” In: M. S. Roth, Ed., Freud Conflito e Cultura, Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 2000, pp. 63-75.

[31]   E. Fromm, “Psicanálise da Sociedade Contemporanea,” Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 1961.

[32]   I. Grubrich-Simitis, “Nada Sobre a Refeicao Totêmica: Sobre as Anotacoes de Freud,” In: M. S. Roth, Ed., Freud Conflito e Cultura, Jorge Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 2000, pp. 23-34.

[33]   H. Marcuse, “Eros and Civilization. A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud,” Beacon Press, Boston, 1966.

[34]   S. P. Rouanet, “Mal-Estar na Modernidade,” Companhia das Letras, Sao Paulo, 2001.

[35]   T. H. Ogden, “This Art of Psychoanalysis: Dreaming Undreamt Dreams and Interrupted Cries,” Routledge, London, 2005.

[36]   O. Fenichel, “Teoria Psicanalítica das Neuroses,” Liv. Atheneu, Rio de Janeiro-Sao Paulo, 1981.

[37]   J. Bleger, “Temas de Psicologia,” Martins Fontes, Sao Paulo, 1989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.49.1

[38]   L. Grinberg, D. Sor and E. T. de. Bianchedi, “Introducao às Idéias de Bion,” Imago, Rio de Janeiro, 1973.

[39]   R. Kaes,“O Grupo e o Sujeito do Grupo. Elementos para uma Teoria Psicanalítica do Grupo,” Casa do Psicólogo, Sao Paulo, 1997.

[40]   R. Mucchielli, “La Dinamica de los Grupos,” Iberico Europea de Ediciciones, Madrid, 1969.

[41]   M. E. L. da. Silva, “Pensando o Pensar com W. R. Bion,” MG Editores, Sao Paulo, 1988.

[42]   D. E. Zimerman, “Manual de Técnica Psicanalítica. Uma Re-Visao,” Artmed, Porto Alegre, 2004.

[43]   S. Freud, “Sexuality in the Aetiology of the Neuroses,” The Standard Edition of the Complete Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 3, The Hogart Press, London, 1974, pp. 261- 285.

[44]   R. R. Vallacher and A. Nowak, “The Emergence of Dynamical Social Psychology,” Psychological Inquiry, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1997, pp. 73-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli0802_1

[45]   C. Paniagua, “The Attraction of Topographical Technique,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Vol. 82, No. 4, 2001, pp. 671-684.

[46]   I. Matte Blanco, “The Unconscious as Infinite Sets,” Duckworth Press, London, 1975.

[47]   W. Procci, “Panel Report: Chaos Theory as a New Paradigm in Psychoanalysis,” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Vol. 83, No. 2, 2002, pp. 487-490.

[48]   B. S. Santos, “Um Discurso Sobre as Ciências,” Afrontamento, Porto, 1993.

[49]   I. Prigogine “O Fim das Certezas-Tempo, Caos e Leis da Natureza,” UNESP, Sao Paulo, 1996.

[50]   I. Abrams and Z. Sardar, “Introducing Chaos,” Totem Books, USA, Icon Books, 1998.

[51]   S. Barton, “Chaos, Self-Organization, and Psychology,” American Psychologist, Vol. 49, No. 1, 1994, pp. 5-14. 51

[52]   P. Grassberger and I. Procaccia, “On the Characterization of Strange Attractors,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 50, No. 5, 1983, pp. 346-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.346

[53]   D. T. Kaplan and L. Glass, “Direct test for Determinism in a Time Series,” Physics Review Letters, Vol. 68, No. 4, 1992, pp. 427-430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.68.427

[54]   F. Takens, “Detecting strange Attractors in Turbulescence,” In: D. A. Rand and L. S. Young, Eds., Lecture notes in mathematics, Vol. 898, Springer, New York, 1981. pp. 366-381.

[55]   J. P. Eckmann, and D. Ruelle, “Ergodic Theory of Chaos and Strange Attractors,” Review of Modern Physics, Vol. 57, No. 3, 1985, pp. 617-656.

[56]   H. G. Schuster, “Deterministic Chaos,” Physik Verlag, Vienna, 1984.

[57]   D. M. Buss, “Evolutionary Psychology: A New Paradigm for Psychological Science,” Psychological Inquiry, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1995, pp. 1-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli0601_1

[58]   D. Newtson, “The Perception and Coupling of Behavior Waves,” In: R. R. Vallacher and A. Nowak, Eds., Dynamical Systems in Social Psychology, Academic Press, San Diego, 1994, pp. 139-167.

[59]   T. Poston and I. Stewart, “Catastrophe Theory and Its Applications,” Pitman, Boston, 1978.

[60]   R. Thom, “Structural Stability and Morphogenesis,” Addison-Wesley, New York, 1975.

[61]   E. Lorenz, “Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow,” Journal of Atmospheric Science, Vol. 20, No. 2, 1963, pp. 130-141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1963)020<0130:DNF>2.0.CO;2

[62]   R. D. Stacey, “Strategy as Order Emerging from Chaos,” Long Range Planning, Vol. 26, No. 1, 1993, pp. 10-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0024-6301(93)90228-8

 
 
Top