ABSTRACT A widely used herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was imprinted on poly (4-vinylpyridine) (4-VP) using (40%) ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as crosslinking agent. The classical imprinting technology makes use of a high degree of crosslinking which does not allow the template molecules to move freely. So the binding sites, located in the central area of the three dimensional polymer matrix are hard to be accessed and the template molecules cannot be extracted totally. But here we propose a low crosslinked system with high specificity and selectivity. The imprinted and non-imprinted polymers were characterized by various spectroscopic techniques. The extent of binding was followed by batch equilibration method and compared with the respective non-imprinted polymer. Conditions for maximum specific rebinding were set by altering certain factors like template/monomer ratio, concentration of template solution, rebinding medium, mass of polymer and time of incubation. The selectivity of the imprinted polymer was investigated by comparing the binding with structural analogues of 2,4-D like, phenoxyacetic acid (POA), 4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (4-CPOA) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T). The imprinted polymer exhibited high affinity towards the template molecule and was selectively rebound to the specific sites. The binding towards the structural analogues depends on the number of chlorine in the benzene ring.
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