Back
 OJST  Vol.4 No.1 , January 2014
A preliminary study on the treatment of bruxism by biofeedback therapy
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effect of wireless biofeedback therapy on bruxism. Methods: Fifteen bruxiers participated to be treated by this therapy. The abnormal movements of teeth during sleep were monitored by a maxillary splint with an electric resistance strain gauge. Meanwhile, the receiver device recorded these details and analyzed the data, including the value of the biting force, occurring time and duration. If the value of biting force or duration exceeds the threshold, a vibrating device like a watch style will alert the patient to relax the masticatory muscles and nervous system to stop the abnormal grinding or clenching. Data were recorded during 8 hours’ sleep and analyzed after the 12 weeks’ treatment and 24 weeks’ treatment. Results: The average episodes of bruxism have declined from (10.60 ± 1.23) to (6.60 ± 0.75) after 12 weeks’ treatment (p < 0.05), and the average duration of bruxism events was reduced from (13.2 ± 0.74) s to (6.50 ± 0.40) s (p < 0.05). The average episodes of bruxism have declined to (3.80 ± 0.64) after 24 weeks’ treatment, and the average duration of bruxism events was reduced to (3.37 ± 0.34) s (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The results suggest that biofeedback therapy can be effective for bruxism treatment.
Cite this paper: Yin, X. and Yin, X. (2014) A preliminary study on the treatment of bruxism by biofeedback therapy. Open Journal of Stomatology, 4, 1-4. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2014.41001.
References

[1]   Lobbezoo, F., Van der Zaag, J., Van Selms, M.K., Hamburger, H.L. and Haeije, M. (2008) Principles for the management of bruxism. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 35, 509-523.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2008.01853.x

[2]   Svensson, P., Jaddi, F., Arima, T., Baad-Hansen, L. and Sessle, B.J. (2008) Relationships between craniofacial pain and buxism. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 35, 524-547. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2008.01852.x

[3]   Koyano, K., Tsukiyama, Y., Ichiki, R. and Kuwata, T. (2008) Assessment of bruxism I the chinic. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 35, 495-508.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2008.01880.x

[4]   Lavigne, G.I., Khoury, S., Abe, S., Yamaguchi, T. and Raphae, K. (2008) Bruxism physiology and pathology: An overview for clinicians. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 35, 476-494.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2008.01881.x

[5]   Nishigawa, K., Bando, E. and Nakano, M. (2001) Quantitative study of bite force during sleep associated bruxism. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 28, 485-491.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2842.2001.00692.x

[6]   Shetty, S., Pitti, V., Satish Babu, C.L., Surendra Kumar, G.P. and Deepthi, B.C. (2010) Bruxism: A Literarure Review. The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society, 10, 141-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13191-011-0041-5

[7]   Hiyama, S., Ono, T. and Ishiwata, Y. (2003) First night effect of an interoccluosal appliance on nocturnal masticatory muscle activity. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 30, 139-145.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2842.2003.01017.x

[8]   Van der Zagg, J., Lobbezoo, F., Wicks, D.J., Visscher, C.M., Hamburger, H.L. and Naeije, M. (2005) Controlled assessment if the efficacy of occlusal stabilization splints on sleep bruxism. Journal of Orofacial Pain, 19, 151-158.

[9]   Ash, M.M. and Schienentherapie, A. (2006) Elsevier Urban & Fischer. 246-247.

[10]   J. L. Zhang and X. M. Yin (2008) A study of the electronic information monitoring of bruxism. Journal of Nanjing Medical University, 22, 376-378.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1007-4376(09)60010-1

[11]   Jaddi, F., Castrillon, E. and Svensson, P. (2008) Effect of conditioning electrical stimuli on temporalis electromyographic activity during sleep. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 35, 171-183.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2007.01781.x

 
 
Top