This paper describes the multiband behaviour as well as the response for dielectric loading of a pentagonal fractal patch antenna designed at frequency f = 2.45 GHz. The proposed antenna shape has been obtained by introducing slots in a pentagonal patch antenna up to second iteration. Detailed design steps and results of the designs are studied and investigated in this paper. Simulated and measured results reveal that the antenna will be operated at three different frequency bands—2.17 GHz, 3.56 GHz, and 7.93 GHz with acceptable performances (i.e. VSWR < 2). The measured results for the antennas are in good agreement with simulated results. The proposed antenna maintains good radiation pattern with gain. However dielectric loading increases its radiation efficiency at the cost of significant decrease in gain and directivity.
Cite this paper
Kumar Yadav, R. , Kishor, J. and L. Yadava, R. (2013) Dielectric Loading on Multi-Band Behaviors of Pentagonal Fractal Patch Antennas. Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation
, 49-56. doi: 10.4236/ojapr.2013.13009
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