EPE  Vol.5 No.10 , December 2013
Simulation of a DI Diesel Engine Performance Fuelled on Biodiesel Using a Semi-Empirical 0D Model
Abstract: Diesel engines have proven over the years important in terms of efficiency and fuel consumption to power generation ratio. Many research works show the potential of biodiesel as a substitute for conventional gasoil. Mainly, previous and recent researches have focused on experimental investigation of diesel engine performance fuelled by biodiesel. Researches on the mathematical description of diesel engine process running on biodiesel are scarce, and mostly about chemical and thermodynamic description of the combustion process of biodiesel rather than performance studies. This work describes a numerical investigation on the performance analysis of a diesel engine fuelled by palm oil biodiesel. The numerical investigation was made using a semi empirical 0D model based on Wiebe’s and Watson’s model which was implemented via the open access numerical calculation software Scilab. The model was validated first by comparing with experimental pressure and performance data of a one cylinder engine at rated speed and secondly by comparing with a six cylinders engine performance data at various crankshaft rotational speeds. Simulations were then made to analyze the engine performance when running on biodiesel. The calculations were made at constant combustion duration and constant coefficient of excess air. Results showed that the model matches the overall experimental data, such as the power output and peak cylinder pressure. The ignition delay was somehow underestimated by the model for the first experiment, which caused a slight gap on in cylinder pressure curve, whereas it predicted the average ignition delay fairly well for the second set of validation. The simulations of engine performance when running on biodiesel confirmed results obtained in previous experimental researches on biodiesel. The model will be further investigated for engine control when shifting to biodiesel fuel.
Cite this paper: C. Abbe, R. Nzengwa, R. Danwe, Z. Ayissi and M. Obounou, "Simulation of a DI Diesel Engine Performance Fuelled on Biodiesel Using a Semi-Empirical 0D Model," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 10, 2013, pp. 596-603. doi: 10.4236/epe.2013.510066.

[1]   D. Ayhan, “Progress and Recent Trends in Biofuels,” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Elsevier, 2007, pp. 1-18.

[2]   M. Lapuerta, O. Armas and J. R. Fernandez, “Effect of Biodiesel Fuels on Diesel Engine Emissions,” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Elsevier, 2008, pp. 198223.

[3]   A. P. Sathiyagnanam and C. G. Saravanan. “Experimental Studies on the Combustion of a Direct Injection Engine Fueled with SCR,” Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, 6-8 July 2011, London.

[4]   P. A. Lakshminarayanan and Y. V. Aghav, “Modelling Diesel Combustion,” Springer, 2009.

[5]   Y. Shi, H.-W. Ge and R. D. Reitz, “Computational Optimization of Internal Combustion Engines,” Springer, 2011.

[6]   Technologies Gamma, “Gamma Technologies—Engine and Vehicle Simulation,” 2013.

[7]   P. L. C. Ricardo, “Home—Ricardo,” 2013.

[8]   S.A.S Scilab Enterprises, “Home—Scilab,” Scilab Enterprises S.A.S, 2013.

[9]   I. I. Wiebe, “Novelty on Working Process of Internal Combustion Engine (Speed of Combustion and Working Process in Engine) (In Russian),” MachGiz, Sverdlovsk, 1962.

[10]   G. Olivier, “Modélisation du Moteur à Allumage par Compression dans la Perspective du Controle et du Diagnostic (PhD Thesis),” Université de Rouen, Rouen, 2004.

[11]   F. Pischinger, E. Scheid and U. Reuter, “Influences of Fuel Quality and Injection Parameters on Self Ignition of Sprays,” Warsaw, 1987.

[12]   N. F. Razleytsev, “Combustion Simulation and Optimization in Diesels (In Russian),” Vischa Shkola, Kharkov, 1980, p. 169.

[13]   A. S. Lyshevsky, “Fuel Atomization in Marine Diesels (In Russian),” Leningrad, 1971.

[14]   X. Wang, K. Li and W. H. Su, “Experimental and Numerical Investigations on Internal Flow Characteristics of Diesel Nozzle under Real Fuel Injection Conditions,” Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Elsevier, 2012, pp. 204-211.

[15]   X. G. Wang, Z. H. Huang, O. A. Kuti, W. Zhang and K. Nishida, “An Experimental Investigation on Spray, Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Biodiesels,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Elsevier, 2011, pp. 2071-2077.

[16]   J. Heywood, “Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals,” McGraw-Hill Series in Mechanical Engineering, 1988, pp. 560-561.

[17]   P. K. Sahoo and L. M. Das, “Combustion Analysis of Jatropha, Karanja and Polanga Based Biodiesel as Fuel in a Diesel Engine,” Fuel, Elsevier, 2009, pp. 994-999.

[18]   A. N. Ozsensen and M. Canakci, “Determination of Performance and Combustion Characteristics of a Dieselengine Fueled with Canola and Waste Palm Oil Methyl Esters,” Energy Conversion and Management, Elsevier, 2011, pp. 108-116.

[19]   N. Watson, D. A. Pilley and M. Marzouk, “A Combustion Correlation for Diesel Engine Simulation,” Society of American Engineers, 1980.

[20]   F. W. Hardenberg and H. O. Hase, “An Empirical Formula for Computing the Pressure Rise Delay of a Fuel from Its Cetane Number and from the Relevant Parameters of Direct Injection Diesel Engines,” Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale, 1979.

[21]   B. Tesfa, R. Mishra, F. Gu and A. D. Ball, “Combustion Characteristics of CI Engine Running with Biodiesel Blends,” Environment and Power Quality European Association for the Development of Renewable Energies, International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 2011.