Bradshaw, R.H., Parrott, R.F., Good, J.A., Lloyd, D.M. Rodway, R.G. and Broom, D.M. (1996) Effects of mixing and duration of journey on the welfare of pigs during transport. Proceedings EU-Seminar: New Information on Welfare and Meat Quality of Pigs as Related to Handling, Transport and Lairage Conditions, Mariensee, 29-30 June 1995, 95-100.
 Christensen, L. and Barton-Gade, P. (1996) Design of experimental vehicle for transport of pigs and some preliminary results of environmental measurements. Proceedings EU-Seminar: New Information on Welfare and Meat Quality of Pigs as Related to Handling, Transport and Lairage Conditions, Mariensee, 29-30 June 1995, 47-68.
 Rushen, J., Munksgaard, L., Marnet, P.G. and DePassillé, A.M. (2001) Human contact and the effects of acute stress on cows at milking. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 73, 1-14.
 Jensen, J., Aslesen, R., Jebens, E. and Skrondal, A. (1999) Adrenaline-mediated glycogen phosphorylase activation is enhanced in rat soleus muscle with increased glycogen content. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1472, 215-221.
 Baltussen, W., Gebresenbet, G. and De Roest, K. (2011) Study on the impact of Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport. Specific Contract N° SANCO/2010/D5/S12.574298, European Commission Funded Project, Directorate-General for Health and Consumers, 116.
 Abbott, T.A., Hunter, E.J., Guise, H.J. and Penny, R.H.C. (1997) The effect of experience of handling on pigs willingness to move. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 54, 371-375.
 Geverink, N.A., Bühnemann, A., Van de Burgwal, J.A., Lambooij, E., Blokhuis, H.J. and Wiegant, V.M. (1998) Responses of slaughter pigs to transport and lairage sounds. Physiology & Behaviour, 4, 667-673.
 Lewis, C.R.G., Hulbert, L.E. and McGlone, J.J. (2008) Novelty causes elevated heart rate and immune changes in pigs exposed to handling, alleys, and ramps. Livestock Science, 116, 338-341.
 Hemsworth, P.H., Barnett, J.L. and Hansen, C. (1987) The influence of inconsistent handling by humans on the behaviour, growth and corticosteroids of young pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 17, 245-252.
 Gemus, M., Bartlet, P., Nachreiner, R. and Zanella, A.J. (1998) Human Characteristics and handling strategies: Effects on the physiological and behavioural responses of juvenile pigs. Proceedings of the International Pig Veterinary Society, 5-9 July 1998, Birmingham.
 Grandin, T. (2000) Handling and welfare of livestock in slaughter plants. In: Grandin, T., Ed., Livestock Handling and Transport, CAB International, Wallingford (UK), 409-439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9780851994093.0409
 Lewis, C.R.G. and McGlone, J.J. (2007) Moving finishing pigs in different group sizes: Cardiovascular responses, time, and ease of handling. Livestock Science, 107, 86-90.
 Dalla Costa, O.A., Faucitano, L., Coldebella, A., Ludke, V.A., Peloso, V., Dalla Roza, D. and Paranhos da Costa, M.J.R. (2007) Effects of season of the year, truck type and location on truck on skin bruises and meat quality in pigs. Livestock Science, 107, 29-36.
 Hemsworth, P.H. (2000) Behavioural principles in pig handling. In: Grandin, T., Ed., Livestock Handling and Transport, CAB International, Wallingford (UK), 255-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9780851994093.0255
 Berry, N.L., Johnson, A.K., Hill, J., Lonergan, S., Karriker, L.A. and Stalder, K.J. (2012) Loading gantry versus traditional chute for the finisher pig: Effect on welfare at the time of loading and performance measures and transport losses at the harvest facility. Journal of Animal Science, 90, 4028-4036.
 Gouman, S., Faucitano, L., Bergeron, R., Crowe, T., Connor, M.L. and Gonyou, H.W. (2013) Effect of ramp configuration on easiness of handling, heart rate, and behaviour of near-market weight pigs at loading. Journal of Animal Science, 91, 3889-3898.
 Ritter, M.J., Ellis, M., Bertelsen, C.R., Bowman, R., Brinkmann, J., Dedecker, J.M., Keffaber, K.K., Murphy, C.M., Peterson, B.A., Schlipf, J.M. and Woltert, B.F. (2007) Effects of distance moved during loading and floor space on the trailer during transport on losses of market weight pigs on arrival at the packing plant. Journal of Animal Science, 85, 3454-3461.
 Lambooij, E., Geverink, N.A., Broom, D.M. and Bradshaw, R.H. (1996) Quantification of pig’s welfare by behavioural parameters. Proceedings EU-Seminar: New Information on Welfare and Meat Quality of Pigs as Related to Handling, Transport and Lairage Conditions, Mariensee, 29-30 June 1995, 13-19.
 Weeding, C.M., Hunter, E.J., Guise, H.J. and Penny, R.H. (1993) Effects of abattoir and slaughter handling systems on stress indicators in pig blood. The Veterinary Record, 133, 10-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.133.1.10
 Weeding, C.M., Guise, H.J. and Penny, R.H.C. (1993) Factors influencing the welfare and carcass and meat quality of pigs: The use of water sprays in lairage. Animal Production, 56, 393-397.
 Chevillon, P. (2000) Pig Welfare during pre-slaughter and stunning. Proceedings of 1st International Virtual Conference on Pork Quality, Welfare, Transport, Slaughter and Consumer, Concordia, 16 November-16 December 2000, 145-158.
 Randall, J.M., Stiles, M.A., Geers, R., Schütte, A., Christensen, L. and Bradshaw, R.H. (1995) Transport of pigs: Vibration and discomfort. Proceedings of the United Kingdom Informal Group Meeting on Human Response to Vibration, Silsoe, 18-20 September, 45-50.
 Cockram, M.S., Baxter, E.M., Smith, L.A., Bell, S., Howard, C.M., Prescott, R.J. and Mitchell, M.A. (2004) Effect of driver behaviour, driving events and road type on the stability and resting behaviour of sheep in transit. Animal Science, 79, 165-176.
 Randall, J.M. (1993) Environmental parameters necessary to define comfort for pigs, cattle and sheep in livestock transporters. Animal Production, 57, 299-307.
 Torrey, S., Bergeron, R., Widowski, T., Lewis, N., Crowe, T., Correa, J.A., Brown, J., Gonyou, H.W. and Faucitano, L. (2013) Transportation of market-weight pigs: I. Effect of season, truck type, and location within truck on behaviour with a two-hour transport. Journal of Animal Science, 91, 2863-2871.
 Jones, T. (1999) An investigation and assessment of the handling-systems of twelve abattoirs in Great Britain and four in Ital. In: Improved Handling Systems for Pigs at Slaughter. PhD Thesis, University of London, London.
 Rabaste, C., Faucitano, L., Saucier, L., Mormède, P., Correa, J.A., Giguère, A. and Bergeron, R. (2007) The effects of handling and group size on welfare of pigs in lairage and their influence on stomach weight, carcass microbial contamination and meat quality. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 87, 3-12.
 Grandin, T., Dodman, N. and Shuster, L. (1989) Effect of Naltrexone on Relaxation Induced by Flank Pressure in Pigs. Pharmacology Biochemistry & Behavior, 33, 839-842. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0091-3057(89)90479-6
 Peeters, E., Deprez, K., Beckers, F., De Baerdemaeker, J., Aubert, A.E. and Geers, R. (2008) Effect of driver and driving style on the stress responses of pigs during a short journey by trailer. Animal Welfare, 17, 189-196.
 Grandin, T. (2007) Effect of customer requirements, international standards and marketing structure on the handling and transport of livestock and poultry. In: Grandin, T., Ed., Livestock Handling and Transport, CABI Publishing, Wallingford (UK), 1-18.