IJG  Vol.4 No.10 , December 2013
Geoelectrical Investigation of a Proposed Dam Site in a Sedimentary Terrain: Case Study of Aba River at Amapu-Ideobia, Akanu Ngwa Southeastern Nigeria
Abstract: The geoelectrical investigation of the proposed Aba River dam at Amapu-Ideobia, Akanu Ngwa Southeastern Nigeria has been carried out. The objective of this study is to determine the downward and lateral trends of the rock layers or units along and near the proposed dam axis and deduce the possible structures that may enhance workable design of the dam. ABEM Terrameter SAS 4000 model was used and the symmetrical Schlumberger configuration was adopted. Twelve (12) Vertical Electrical Sounding stations were located and fully occupied along the dam axis. Preliminary input data from the field were fed into Zohdy software to generate real resistivities and depths to geoelectric layers. Five geoelectric layers were interpreted as Loamy Top soil, Alluvial matter, Pebble bed, Sandy lateritic and Gravely sand. Layer 1 (the top loamy soil) was encountered in VES 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11 and 12 locations with maximum thickness of 1.5 m in VES 3 and 4. Resistivity values ranged from 216 to 519 Ohm-m. The second layer (lateritic matter) had a maximum lower depth of 5 m in VES 3 and 4 points. This was not encountered in VES 6 point being replaced by alluvium. Resistivity values ranged from 101 to 6190 Ohm-m. Layer 3 was interpreted as a restricted pebble bed which occurred only at VES 6, 7 and 8 locations flanking the river course with thickness of about 3.5 m and resistivity values range of 182 415 Ohm-m. The fourth layer was modeled as the alluvial matter and restricted to the river course (VES 6, 7, 8) locations with base at between 12.5 m in VES 8 and 8 m in VES 6. The last modeled layer (Layer 5) was composed of gravely sandstone that underlined the whole study area apart from the restricted pebble bed at the NE crestal portion (VES 12). No structures like fractures, lineaments and faults that would be of deleterious effect were observed in all the VES points down to about 40 m. However, it was observed that the axial length had overriding sandy matter with high porosity and potentially rife for great infiltration; a condition that could facilitate seepage around the reservoir portion of the dam.
Cite this paper: S. Ibeneme, K. Ibe, A. Selemo, J. Nwagbara, Y. Obioha, K. Echendu and B. Ubechu, "Geoelectrical Investigation of a Proposed Dam Site in a Sedimentary Terrain: Case Study of Aba River at Amapu-Ideobia, Akanu Ngwa Southeastern Nigeria," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 1376-1381. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2013.410134.

[1]   O. O. Bayewu, M. O. Oloruntola, G. O. Mosuro and O. K. Abass, “Preliminary Investigation of a Proposed Dam Site along River Ome, Ago Iwoye South Western Nigeria,” Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 1 No. 6, 2012, pp. 308-315.

[2]   N. K. Abdullahi, H. O. Aboh and A. A. Masanawa, “Geo-Electric Assessment of Groundwater Potentials in Complex Basement Terrain: Case Study of College of Arts and Social Sciences, Kaduna Polytechnic Bye-Pass Campus, Northwestern Nigeria,” Continental Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-7.

[3]   N. K. Olasunkanmi, S. Olatunji, C. O. Akoshile and L. I. Nwankwo, “Geoelectrical Assessment of University of Ilorin Dam Axis,” Archives of Physics Research, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2012, pp. 221-231.

[4]   D. H. Griffiths and R. D. Barker, “Two Dimensional Resistivity Imaging and Modeling in Areas of Complex Geology,” Journal of Applied Geophysics, Vol. 29, No. 3-4, 1993, pp. 211-226.

[5]   M. Noel and R. Walker. “Development of an Electrical Tomography System for Imaging Archeological Structures,” Archeometry, Vol. 32, No. 1, 1990, pp. 767-776.

[6]   G. V. Keller and F. C. Frischknecht, “Electrical Methods in Geophysical Prospecting,” Pergamon Press Inc., Oxford, 1966.

[7]   A. A. R. Zohdy, “Automatic Interpretation of Schlumberger Sounding Curves Using Dar Zarouk Function,” United States Geological Survey Bulletin, Vol. 39, 1975, p. 1313-E.