CE  Vol.4 No.12 , December 2013
Best Practices in Distance Education: A Review
ABSTRACT
Education plays a significant role in shaping a nation, and the proliferation of Internet-based educational opportunities has expanded distance learning modalities to all parts of the globe. However, though this mode of delivery is being capitalized upon as a result of the opportunities it offers, it is still new to many nations and institutions of learning. This article therefore reviews the best practices that make distance education works. This will better inform nations and their learning institutions as they capitalize on this mode for providing access to education.

Cite this paper
Nsiah, G. (2013). Best Practices in Distance Education: A Review. Creative Education, 4, 762-766. doi: 10.4236/ce.2013.412108.
References
[1]   Adler, R. W., Milne, M. J., & Stablein, R. (2001). Situated motivation: An empirical test in an accounting class. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 18, 101-116.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1936-4490.2001.tb00248.x

[2]   Anderson, T. (2004). Teaching in an online learning context. In T. Anderson, & F. Elloumi (Eds.), Theory and practice of online learning (pp. 273-294). Athabasca: Athabasca University.

[3]   Ashby, C. M. (2002). Distance education: Growth in distance education programs and implications for federal education policy.
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d021125t.pdf

[4]   Australian Flexible Learning Framework (2002). Effective online facilitation: Australian flexible learning quick guide series.
http://pre2005.flexiblelearning.net.au/guides/facilitation.pdf

[5]   Bartley, S. J., & Golek, J. H. (2004). Evaluating the cost effectiveness of online and face-to-face instruction. Educational Journal and Technology, 7, 167-175.

[6]   Berge, Z. L., & Clark, T. (2005). Virtual schools: Planning for success. Columbia University, NY: Teachers College Press.

[7]   Berge, Z. L., & Mrozowski, S. (2001). Review of research in distance education, 1990 to 1999. The American Journal of Distance Education, 15, 5-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08923640109527090

[8]   Brass, K. (2002). Pushing E-learning. Sales and Marketing Management, 154, 56.

[9]   Breen, P. (2006). Coming out of the darkness of the past. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 7, 1-8.

[10]   Burke, L. A., & Moore, J. E. (2003). A perennial dilemma in OB education: Engaging the traditional student. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 2, 37-53.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMLE.2003.9324016

[11]   Butcher, N. (2000). Distance education in developing countries (knowledgebank paper 3).
http://imfundo.digitalbrain.com/imfundo/web/teach/kb3/?verb=vie

[12]   Care, W. D., & Scanlan, J. M. (2001). Planning and managing the development of courses for distance delivery: Results from a qualitative study. The Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 4.
http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/summer42/care42.html

[13]   Cavalluzzo, L. (2005). Cost, funding, and the provision of online education. In Z. L. Berge, & T. Clarke (Eds.). Virtual schools: Planning for success. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

[14]   Conaway, R. N., Easton, S. S., & Schmidt, W. V. (2008). Strategies for enhancing student interaction and immediacy in online courses. Business Communication, 68, 23-35.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1080569904273300

[15]   Dennen, V. P., Darabi, A. A., & Smith, L. J. (2007). Intructor-learner interaction in online courses: The relative perceived importance of particular instructor actions on performance and satisfaction. Distance Education, 28, 65-79.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01587910701305319

[16]   DiPietro, M., Ferdig, R. E., Black, E. R., & Preston, M. (2008). Best practices in teaching K-12 online: Lessons learned from Michigan virtual school teachers. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 7, 16-19.

[17]   Dunigan, B., & Curry, K. J. (2006). Motivation and learning strategies of students in distance education. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences.
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Motivation+and+learning+strategies+of+students+in+distance+
education.-a0148313528


[18]   Evans, S. R., Wang, R., Yeh, T., Anderson, J., Haija, R., McbratneyOwen, P. M., Peeples, L., Sinha, S., Xanthakis, V., Rajicic, N., & Zhang, J. (2007). Evaluation of district learning in an introduction to biostatistics class: A case study. Statistics Education Research Journal, 6, 59-77.

[19]   Fain, P. (2007). Vision for excellence. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 54, A26-A29.

[20]   Gasaway, L. N. (2002). Drafting a faculty copyright ownership policy. The Technology Source, 2.
http://ts.mivu.org/default.asp?show=article&id=982

[21]   Hache, D. (2000). Strategic planning of distance education in the age of teleinformatics. The Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 1.
http://www.westga.edu/~distance/Hache12.html

[22]   Hoostein, E. (2002). Wearing four pairs of shoes: The roles of e-learning facilitators.
http://www.learningcircuits.org/2002/oct2002/elearn.html

[23]   Hughes, T. P. (2001). Through a glass darkly: Anticipating the future of technology-enabled education. Educause Review, 36.
http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/erm0140.pdf

[24]   Husmann, D. E., & Miller, M. T. (2001). Improving distance education: Perceptions of program administrators. The Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 4.
http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/spring41/husmann41.html

[25]   Kriger, T. J. (2001). A virtual revolution: Trends in the expansion of distance education. Education at a Distance, 15.
http://www.usdla.org/ED_magazine/illuminactive/NOV01_Issue/article02.html

[26]   Levy, S. (2003). Six factors to consider when planning online distance learning programs in higher education. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 6.

[27]   Lockard, L. A. (2001). Collaborative technology planning. Technical Horizons in Education.
http://www.thejournal.com/magazine/vault/articleprintversion.cfm?aid=3660

[28]   MacGregor, S. K., & Atkinson, T. R. (2002-2003). Facilitating learning interactions in the two way video classroom. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 31, 45-62.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/KH51-CDC6-ADBL-J969

[29]   McIsaac, M. S., & Gunawardena, C. N. (1996). Handbook of research for educational communications and technology: A project of the association for educational communications and technology. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Macmillan.

[30]   Monolescu, D., Schifter, C. C., & Greenwood, L. (2004). The distance education evolution: Issues and case studies. Hershey, PA: Information Science.

[31]   Moore, M. G., & Kearsley, G. (2005). Distance education: A systems view. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.

[32]   Myers, P., & Ostash, H. (2001). Building a virtual campus. Journal of the Faculty Association of California Community Colleges, 7.

[33]   Ojo, O. D., Ogidan, R., & Olakulehin, F. K. (2006). Cost effectiveness of open and distance learning in Nigeria: Responses from focus group discussion. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 9.

[34]   Ormrod, J. E. (2006). Educational psychology: Developing learners. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

[35]   Parker, A. (1999). Interaction in disatance edcuation: The critical conversation. Educational Technology Review, 13-17.

[36]   Pisel, K. P. (2008). A strategic planning process model for distance education. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, XI.
http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/summer112/pisel112.html

[37]   Porter, L. R. (1997). Creating the virtual classroom: Distance learning with the Internet. New York, NY: Wiley Computer Publishing.

[38]   Russo, T. V., & Campbell, S. W. (2004). Perceptions of mediated presence in an asynchronous online course: Interplay of communication behaviors and medium. Distance Education, 25, 215-232.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0158791042000262139

[39]   Sankaran, S. R., & Bui, T. (2001). Impact of learning strategies and motivation on performance: A study in web-based instruction. Journal of Instructional Psychology.
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FCG/is_3_28/ai_79370574/

[40]   Schifter, C. C. (2000). Faculty motivators and inhibitors for participation in distance education. Educational Technology, 40, 43-46.

[41]   Schrum, L., & Hong, S. (2002). From the field: Characteristics of successful tertiary online students and strategies of experienced online educators. Education and Information Technology, 7, 5-11.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1015354423055

[42]   Spencer, J. (2002). USU distance education site facilitator handbook. Logan: Utah State University.
http://www.usu.edu/uenss/Handbook-Sep02.pdf

[43]   Stansfield, M., Connolly, T., Cartelli, A., Jimoyiannis, A., Magalhaes, H., & Maillet, K. (2009). The identification of key issues in the development of sustainable e-learning and virtual campus initiatives. Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 7, 155-164.

[44]   Wang, Q. (2008). Student-facilitator’s roles in moderating online discussion. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39, 2008.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2007.00781.x

[45]   Willis, B. (2000). Instructional development for distance education. Strategies for Learning at a Distance.
http://www.uidaho.edu/evo/dist2003.html

[46]   Yi, H., & Majima, J. (1993). The teacher-learner relationship and classroom interaction in distance learning: A case study of the Japanese language classes at an American high school. Foreign Language Annals, 26, 21-30.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-9720.1993.tb01147.x

 
 
Top