OJST  Vol.3 No.9 , December 2013
The antibiotic utilization at the university dentistry clinical center of Kosovo
ABSTRACT

Antibiotic drugs are a very important drug group considering their frequent use, safety profile and their impact on bacterial resistance induction. Aim: To investigate the utilization of antibiotic drugs at the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo (UDCCK). Methodology: Retrospective and descriptive study. Patient records were used as a data source collected for a period of 3 months. The total number of registered outpatients in the UDCCK was 1117 patients. The data analysis was performed using the WHO methodology and results were expressed in DDD per 1000 inhabitants per day. Results: The total prescription of antibiotics at UDCCK was 7.18 DDD/ 1000 inhabitants/day. Antibiotics were prescribed for 86 or 7.70% of patients. The most commonly prescribed antibiotic was Amoxicillin with clavulonic acid 3.12 (43.45%) DDD, followed by Metronidazole 2.31 DDD and Amoxicillin 1.25 DDD. Erythromycin and Cefalexin were prescribed evidently less compared to other antibiotics (0.38 and 0.12 DDD/1000 inhabitant/day, respectively). Conclusions: The quantitative analysis showed no rationality of prescription of antibiotics in UDCCK. Generally, the use of antibiotics in both departments of UDCCK is higher compared to other countries. We recommend the implementation of restrictive prescription standards for antibiotics.


Cite this paper
Haliti, F. , Haliti, N. , Koçani, F. , Begzati, A. , Dragidella, F. , Ferizi, L. , Krasniqi, L. , Doberdoli, D. , Bajrami, S. and Krasniqi, S. (2013) The antibiotic utilization at the university dentistry clinical center of Kosovo. Open Journal of Stomatology, 3, 492-496. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2013.39080.
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