Back
 AJPS  Vol.4 No.12 , December 2013
The Impact of High Temperature during Growing Season on Potato Cultivars with Different Response to Environmental Stresses
Abstract: Potato crop is the fourth main food crops in the world after maize, rice and wheat. It is characterized by specific temperature requirements and develops best at about 20°C. Forecasts of global warming prompt us to study the tolerance of potato genotypes to heat during the growing season. The aim of this work was to assess the response of chosen potato cultivars to high temperature during the different stages of plant growth under conditions of good soil moisture and drought. The impact of high temperature 32°C/25°C on potato plants was determined in pot experiment in three growth stages. A main measure of tolerance of the potato cultivars to high temperature during the growing season was an evaluation of the yield in relation to the Control combination. Here we demonstrated that tested potato cultivar’s response to high temperature during the growing season is dependent on the growth stage. The earlier it occurs, the more negative its impact on the growth and yield of potatoes is.
Cite this paper: K. Rykaczewska, "The Impact of High Temperature during Growing Season on Potato Cultivars with Different Response to Environmental Stresses," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 12, 2013, pp. 2386-2393. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.412295.
References

[1]   A. Wahid, S. Gelani, M. Ashraf and M. R. Foolad, “Heat Tolerance in Plants: An Overview,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, Vol. 61, No. 3, 2007, pp. 199-223.

[2]   Central Statistical Office, “International Review,” In: Consist Statistical Yearbook of Poland, Year LV, Warsaw, 2012, pp. 527, 581. http:/www.stat.gov.pl

[3]   Food and Agriculture Organization, “Potato World,” 2008.
http:/www.potato2008.org

[4]   A. J. Haverkort and A. Verhagen, “Climate Change and its Repercussions for the Potato Supply Chain,” Potato Research, Vol. 51, No. 3-4, 2008, pp. 223-237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11540-008-9107-0

[5]   K. B. A. Bodlaender, “Influence of Temperature, Radiation and Photoperiod on Development and Yield,” In: J. D. Ivins and F. L. Milthorpe, Eds., Growth of the Potato, Butterworths, London, 1963, pp. 199-210.

[6]   J. Marinus and K. B. A. Bodlaender, “Response of Some Potato Varieties to Temperature,” Potato Research, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1975, pp. 189-204.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02361722

[7]   P. C. Struik, J. Geertsema and C. H. M. G. Custers, “Effect of Shoot, Root and Stolon Temperature on the Development of the Potato ((Solanum tuberosum L) Plant. I. Development of the Haulm,” Potato Research, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1989, pp. 133-141.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02358225

[8]   P. C. Struik, J. Geertsema and C. H. M. G. Custers, “Effect of Shoot, Root and Stolon Temperature on the Development of the Potato ((Solanum tuberosum L) Plant. III. Development of Tubers,” Potato Research, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1989, pp. 151-158.

[9]   K. Rykaczewska, “Effect of Temperature during Growing Season and Physiological Age of Minitubers on Potato Plant Development and Yield,” Bulletin of the Potato Institute, Vol. 42, No. 1, 1993, pp. 39-46.

[10]   J. Van Dam, P. L. Kooman and P. C. Struik, “Effects of Temperature and Photoperiod on Early Growth and Final Number of Tubers in Potato (Solanum tuberosum L),” Potato Research, Vol. 39, No. 1, 1996, pp. 51-62.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02358206

[11]   R. Mittler, “Abiotic Stress, the Field Environment and Stress Combination,” Trends Plant Science, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2006, pp. 15-19.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2005.11.002

[12]   K. Rykaczewska, “Effect of High Temperature during Vegetation on Potato (Solanum tuberosum L) Yield, Period of Tuber Dormancy and Seed Tuber Yielding Ability. I. Plant Development and Yield,” Advances of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 496, No. 1, 2004, pp. 185-198.

[13]   K. Rykaczewska, “Effect of High Temperature during Vegetation on Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Yield, Period of Tuber Dormancy and Seed Tuber Yielding Ability. II. Tuber Dormancy Duration,” Advances of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 496, No. 1, 2004, pp. 199-206.

[14]   K. Rykaczewska, “Effect of High Temperature during Vegetation on Potato (Solanum tuberosum L) Yield, Period of Tuber Dormancy and Seed Tuber Yielding Ability. III. Value of Seed Tuber Yielding,” Advances of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 496, No. 1, 2004, pp. 207-216.

[15]   L. De Temmerman, A. Hacour and M. Guns, “Changing Climate and Potential Impacts on Potato Yield and Quality ‘CHIP’: Introduction, Aims and Methodology,” European Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 17, No. 4, 2002, pp. 233-242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(02)00063-1

[16]   D. Levy “The Response of Potatoes to a Single Transient Heat or Drought Stress Imposed at Different Stages of Tuber Growth,” Potato Research, Vol. 28, No. 4, 1985, pp. 415-424. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02357516

[17]   European Potato Cultivars Database, 2008.
http:/www. Europotato.org

[18]   SAS Institute Inc., “SAS. 9.1. Companion for Windows,” SAS Publishing, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, 2004.

[19]   G. R. Benoit, C. D. Stanley, W. J. Grant and D. B. Torrey, “Potato Top Growth as Influenced by Temperatures,” American Potato Journal, Vol. 60, No. 7, 1983, pp. 489-501. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02877320

[20]   H. Gawrońska, R. B. Dwelle and M. K. Thornton, “Influence of Heat Stress on Dry Matter Production and Photoassimilate Partitioning by Four Potato Clones,” American Potato Journal, Vol. 69, No. 10, 1992, pp. 653-665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02852678

[21]   P. L. Kooman and A. J. Haverkort, “Modeling Development and Growth of the Potato Crop Influenced by Temperature and Daylength,” In: A. J. Haverkort and D. K. L. MacKerron, Eds., Potato Ecology and Modeling of Crop under Conditions Limiting Growth, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995, pp. 41-59.

[22]   K. Rykaczewska, “Assessment of Potato Mother Tubers Vigour Using the Method of Accelerated Geing,” Plant Production Science, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2013, pp. 171-182.

[23]   D. Levy, “Genotype Variation in the Response of Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) to High Ambient Temperatures and Water Deficit,” Field Crop Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1986, pp. 85-96.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(86)90103-6

[24]   D. Levy, “Tuber Yield and Tuber Quality of Several Potato Cultivars as Affected by Seasonal High Temperature and by Water Deficit in a Semi-Arid Environment,” Potato Research, Vol. 29, No. 1, 1986, pp. 95-107.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02361984

 
 
Top