JBiSE  Vol.6 No.12 , December 2013
Amniotic membrane as a potent source of stem cells and a matrix for engineering heart tissue

Existing therapies for the treatment of chronic heart failure still have some limitations and there is a pressing need for the development of new therapeutic modalities. The amniotic membrane has been used for the treatment of various diseases, such as conjunctive defects; however, the mechanisms behind its repair functions are still unclear. Regenerative medicine is seeking newer alternatives and among them, biomaterials have emerged in recent years for developing and manipulating molecules, cells, tissues or organs grown in laboratories in order to replace human body parts. Many such materials have been used for this purpose, either synthetically or biologically, in order to provide new medical devices. This review provides a wider view of the regeneration potential of the use of amniotic membrane as a potential biomaterial to facilitate the implementation of new research in surgical procedures. Amniotic membrane appears to be an alternative source of stem cells as well as an excellent biomaterial for cell-based therapeutic applications in engineering heart tissue.


Cite this paper: Francisco, J. , Cunha, R. , Simeoni, R. , Guarita-Souza, L. , Ferreira, R. , Irioda, A. , Souza, C. , Srikanth, G. , Nityanand, S. , Chachques, J. and de Carvalho, K. (2013) Amniotic membrane as a potent source of stem cells and a matrix for engineering heart tissue. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 6, 1178-1185. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2013.612147.

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