CellBio  Vol.2 No.4 , December 2013
Wound Closure on the Neonatal Rat Skin II. The Potential Ability of Epidermis to Close Small-Sized Wounds Independently of the Underlying Dermis
Abstract: Reepithelialization of skin which comprises epidermis and dermis has not been fully elucidated due to the complexity of the participants as well as the interactions therein. In this study, the intrinsic roles and behaviors of epidermis itself during wound closure on neonatal rat skin were explored by developing and utilizing a novel in vivo wound model, termed “shallow incisional wound” in which the injury of dermis was minimized. The shallow wounds were closed by 12 h postwounding (PW) by the migration of the wound-marginal epidermal sheets in which activated myosin light chain (p-MLC) was predominantly detected at the lateral plasma membrane of individual cells. By local administration of Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y27632, p-MLC disappeared at the wound margin and wounds were not closed by 12 h PW. Inhibition of Rac 1 by NSC23766 also resulted in hold of wound closure by 12 h PW, though NSC23766 somewhat slowly acted on p-MLC expression. These results suggest that, without joining of dermis, epidermal cells have a potential ability of closing wounds by active epithelial sheet movement integrated by Rho family small GTPases-dependent extension and contraction of the individual cell bodies.
Cite this paper: M. Arai, T. Matsuzaki and S. Ihara, "Wound Closure on the Neonatal Rat Skin II. The Potential Ability of Epidermis to Close Small-Sized Wounds Independently of the Underlying Dermis," CellBio, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2013, pp. 257-266. doi: 10.4236/cellbio.2013.24028.

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