CWEEE  Vol.3 No.1 , January 2014
Reverse-Osmosis Desalination of Water Powered by Photo-Voltaic Modules
Author(s) Ammar Alkhatib
ABSTRACT

The rising of the world’s population leads automatically to the rising of water demand. As a consequence the lack of drinking water increases. Currently, approximately 1.2 billion people globally (one-sixth of the world’s population) do not have access to adequate clean water. Since a large part of the world’s population is concentrated in coastal areas, the desalination of seawater seems to be a promising solution, especially in our Arab world. An innovative stand-alone solar desalination system could be used to produce drinking water from seawater or any brackish water sources. The great advantage of such a system is that it combines efficient desalination technology, reverse osmosis, with a renewable energy source; the main goal is improving the technical feasibility of such systems. There are many advantages of this coupling with RE resources; first of all we separate the drinking water from the electricity grid and its faults, save the burning fossil fuel and its emissions and can provide fresh water to remote communities that do not have sufficient traditional energy sources; but as we see in the thesis we don’t have economic benefit; because these projects depend on the electricity cost in each country and its location and its solar specifications. We design and implement a small laboratorial model for PV-RO (Photo-Voltaic Powered Reverse Osmosis) to recognize the its performance for seawater and brackish water; many of the problems are interrupted such as embargo on Syria; so we see this project has to be done according to affordable local potentialities, but we crave to keep the principle of operation, so we make it for the tap water which close to brackish.


Cite this paper
Alkhatib, A. (2014) Reverse-Osmosis Desalination of Water Powered by Photo-Voltaic Modules. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering, 3, 22-29. doi: 10.4236/cweee.2014.31003.
References
[1]   A. M. Thomson, “Reverse-Osmosis Desalination of Seawater Powered by Photovoltaic without Batteries,” Loughborough University, A Doctoral Thesis, 2003, p. 41.

[2]   A. Shakouri, “Desalination by Reverse Osmosis Powered with Photo-Voltaics,” A Prototype for Jordan on the Example of California, Local Renewable Energy Summer Research Program, 2009, p. 13.

[3]   “How Reverse Osmosis Works.”
http://www.wqa.org/sitelogic.cfm?ID=872

[4]   T. Y. Cath, A. E. Childress and M. Elimelech, “Review Forward Osmosis: Principles, Applications, and Recent Developments,” Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 281, No. 1-2, 2006, pp. 70-87.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2006.05.048

[5]   “Solar Electric Products Catalog,” Kyocera.

[6]   Data Sheet of TW30-1812-100 Membrane.

[7]   Data Sheet of Diaphragm Pump HF-8367.

[8]   F. Aljawabra, “Large Scale RE Projects in Syria—An Analysis of the Institutional and Legal Framework in View of the Egyptian Experience,” Cairo University, Master Thesis, 2011, p. 30.

 
 
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