J. Tsukidate, “Studies on the Regenerative Ability of the Brown Algae, Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt and Sargassum tortile C. Agardh,” Hydrobiologia, Vol. 22, 1984, pp. 393-397.
 E. X. Zhang, L. J. Yu and X. Xiao, “Studies on Physiological Activity and Biochemistry of Alcohol Extracts from Sargassum thunbergii,” Chinese Journal of Marine Drugs, Vol. 13, No. 3, 1994, pp. 1-10. (In Chinese with English abstract).
 F. P. Padilha, F. P. Franca and A. C. Costa, “The Use of Waste Biomass of Sargassum sp. for the Biosorption of Copper from Simulated Semiconductor Effluents,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 96, No. 13, 2005, pp. 1511-1517.
 H. G. Wu, C. Yu, Z. A. Yao, W. E. Zhang, L. Y. Shi and B. M. Feng, “Analysis of the Nutrient Component in Sargassum thunbergii,” Journal of Dalian University, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2008, pp. 84-86. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 Z. Y. Liu, X. Q. Sun and S. L. Fan, “Current Difficulties Encountered and Developmental Strategies of Stichopus japonicus aquaculture,” Feed Industry, Vol. 27, No. 22, 2006, pp. 28-30. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 Z. G. Zhao, F. J. Zhao, J. T. Yao, J. M. Lu, P. O. J. Ang and D. L. Duan, “Early Development of Germlings of Sargassum thunbergii (Fucales, Phaeophyta) under Laboratory Conditions,” Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2008, pp. 925-931.
 C. H. Koh, Y. Kim and S. G. Kang, “Size Distribution, Growth and Production of Sargassum thunbergii in an Intertidal Zone of Padori, West Coast of Korea,” Hydrobiologia, Vol. 260-261, No. 1, 1993, pp. 207-214.
 K. S. Shao, N. Gong, J. X. Wang, D. C. Li and Z. M. Gao, “Study on Population Ecology of Sargassum thunbergii,” Marine Environmental Research, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2010, pp. 332-336. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 F. J. Zhao, X. L. Wang, J. D. Liu and D. L. Duan, “Population Genetic Structure of Sargassum thunbergii (Fucales, Phaeophyta) Detected by RAPD and ISSR Markers,” Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2007, pp. 409-416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10811-006-9147-2
 X. H. Yi, S. G. Li, P. He, H. S. Hou and L. M. Wang, “AFLP Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Six Wild Populations of Sargassum thunbergii,” Journal of Fishery Sciences of China, Vol. 17, No. 5, 2010, pp. 922-929. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 M. Wang, S. G. Li, H. S. Hou and L. M. Wang, “Genetic Structure of Wild Sargassum thunbergii Populations along Dalian Coast: An ISSR Analysis,” Chinese Journal of Ecology, Vol. 29, No. 6, 2010, pp. 1181-1186. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 W. Liu, M. Z. Li, H. Y. Wu, D. M. Zhan and G. Ding, “Population Genetic Diversity of sargassum thunbergii in the Coast of China,” Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2011, pp. 608-611. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 F. J. Wang, X. T. Sun and F. Li, “Studies on Sexual Reproduction and Seedling-Rearing of Sargassum thunbergii,” Marine Fisheries Research, Vol. 27, No. 5, 2006, pp. 1-6. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 M. Z. Li, G. Ding, D. M. Zhan, B. Yu, W. Liu and H. Y. Wu, “A Method for Early Production of Large-Size Sargassum thunbergii Seedling in North China,” Marine Fisheries Research, Vol. 30, No. 5, 2009, pp. 75-82. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 X. T. Sun, F. J. Wang, W. J. Wang, H. T. Jiang, Y. M. Wang, T. Y. Tang and S. Y. Li, “Large Scale Breeding of Sargassum thunbergii Based on Sexual Reproduction,” Progress in Fishery Sciences, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2010, pp. 84-91. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 Q. S. Zhang, Y. Z. Tang, S. K. Liu, S. B. Zhang and Z. C. Lu, “Zygote-Derived Seedling Production of Sargassum thunbergii: Focus on Two Frequently Experienced Constraints in Tank Culture of Seaweed,” Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 24, No. 4, 2012, pp. 707-714.
 K. S. Gao and I. Umezaki, “Comparative Photosynthetic Capacities of the Leaves of Upper and Lower Parts of Sargassum Plants,” Botanica Marina, Vol. 31, 1988, pp. 231-236. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/botm.1918.104.22.168
 K. S. Gao and I. Umezaki, “Comparative Studies of Photosynthesis in Different Parts of Sargassum thunbergii,” Japanese Journal of Phycology, Vol. 37, 1989, pp. 7-16.
 K. S. Gao and I. Umezaki, “Studies on Diurnal Photosynthetic Performance of Sargassum thunbergii I. Changes in Photosynthetic under Natrual Sunlight,” Japanese Journal of Phycology, Vol. 37, 1989, pp. 89-98.
 K. S. Gao and I. Umezaki, “Studies on Diurnal Photosynthetic Performance of Sargassum thunbergii II. Explanation of Diurnal Photosynthesis Patterns from Examinations in the Laboratory,” Japanese Journal of Phycology, Vol. 37, 1989, pp. 99-104.
 K. S. Gao and H. Nakahara, “Effects of Nutrients on the Photosynthesis of Sargassum thunbergii,” Botanica Marina, Vol. 33, 1990, 375-383.
 K. S. Gao, “Effects of Seawater Current Speed on the Photosynthetic Oxygen Evolution of Sargassum thunbergii (Phaeophyta),” Japanese Journal of Phycology, Vol. 39, 1991, pp. 291-293. (in Japanese)
 Z. R. Liang, F. J. Wang, X. T. Sun, W. J. Wang, C. L. Ding and T. Li, “Effects of Environment Factors on Young Seedlings of Sargassum thunbergii by Chlorophyll Fluorescence Method,” Journal of Fisheries Chinese, Vol. 35, No. 8, 2011, pp. 1225-1232. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 S. H. Chu, Q. S. Zhang, S. K. Liu, Y. Z. Tang, S. B. Zhang, Z. C. Lu and Y. Q. Yu, “Tolerance of Sargassum thunbergii Germlings to Thermal, Osmotic and desiccation Stress,” Aquatic Botany, Vol. 96, No. 1, 2012, pp. 1-6.
 S. H. Chu, Q. S. Zhang, Y. Z. Tang, S. B. Zhang, Z. C. Lu and Y. Q. Yu, “High Tolerance to Fluctuating Salinity Allows Sargassum thunbergii Germlings to Survive and Grow in Artificial Habitat of Full Immersion in Intertidal Zone,” Journal of the Faculty of Applied Biological Science, Vol. 412, 2012, pp. 66-71.
 C. S. Lobban, “Seaweed Ecology and Physiology,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994, p. 3.
 S. J. Pang, Z. H. Zhang, H. J. Zhao and J. Z. Sun, “Cultivation of the Brown Alga Hizikia fusiformis (Harvey) Okamura: Stress Resistance of Artificially Raised Young Seedlings Revealed by Chlorophyll Fluorescence Measurement,” Journal of Applied Phycology, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2007, pp. 557-565.
 Y. R. Zhang, F. Liu, T. F. Shan and S. J. Pang, “Stress Resistance of Young Seedlings of Sargassum hornerito a Variety of Temperatures, Irradiances and Salinities Revealed by Chlorophyll Fluorescence Measurements,” South China Fisheries Science, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2009, pp. 1-9. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 J. X. Zou, Y. Q. Li, Y. X. Liu, T. W. Zhang and Y. M. Wang, “The Biological Characteristic and Technique of Raft Culture of Sargassum thunbergii,” Shandong Fisheries, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2005, pp. 25-29. (In Chinese with English abstract)
 K. Maxwell and G. N. Johnson, “Chlorophyll Fluorescence-A Practical Guide,” Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 51, No. 345, 2000, pp. 659-668.
 H. H. Kobayakawa and K. Imai, “Optimum Dark Adaptation Period for Evaluating the Maximum Quantum Efficiency of Photosystem II in Ozone-Exposed Rice Leaves,” American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 9, 2013, pp. 1750-1757.
 Y. U. Balnokin, L. Popova and H. Gimmler, “Further Evidence for an ATP-Driven Sodium Pump in the Marine Alga Tetraselmis (Platymonas) viridi,” Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 150, No. 3, 1997, pp. 264-270.
 R. Serrano, J. M. Mulet, G. Rios, J. A. Marquez, I. F. de Larrinoa, M. Leube, I. Mendizabal, A. Pascual-Ahuir, M. Proft, R. Ros and C. Montesinos, “A Glimpse of the Mechanisms of Ion Homeostasis during Salt Stress,” Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 50, 1999, pp. 1023-1036.
 Y. Liang, L. X. Feng, H. Y. Tian and C. L. Yin, “Effects of Salt Stress on the Growth and Chlorophyll Fluorescence of Pyramidomonas sp,” Periodical of Ocean University of China, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2006, pp. 726-732. (In Chinese with English abstract)