Duff, A. (2003) Incorporating psychological approaches into routine paediatric venipuncture. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 88, 931-937.
 Bijttebier, P. and Vertommen, H. (1998) The impact of previous experience on children’s reactions to venipunctures. Journal of Health Psychology, 3, 39-46.
 Carlson, K., Broome, M. and Vessey, J. (2000) Using distraction to reduce reported pain, fear, and behavioral distress in children and adolescents: A multisite study. Journal of the Society of Pediatric Nurses, 5, 75-85.
 Lee, B.I. and Kwon, I.S. (2005) Effects of distraction using operating doll on preschool children’s pain during an IV catheter insertion. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 11, 490-497.
 Koo, H.Y., Park, H.R. and Lim, J.H. (2007) Effects of distraction using balloon art on pain during intravenous injections in preschool children. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 13, 66-72.
 Lim, J. and Shin, Y. (2007) Effects of distraction by a cellular phone on pain and fear during venipuncture procedure for hospitalized preschool children. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 13, 506-511.
 Lebaron, S. and Zeltzer, L. (1984) Assessment of acute pain and anxiety in children and adolescents by self-reports, observer reports, and a behavior checklist. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 729-738.
 Rogers, T. and Ostrow, C. (2004) The use of EMLA cream to decrease venipuncture pain in children. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 19, 33-39.
 Fan, H., Chen, H., Chen, S., et al. (2013) The effect of EMLA cream on minimizing pain during venipuncture in premature infants. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 59, 72-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fms040