Duff, A. (2003) Incorporating psychological approaches into routine paediatric venipuncture. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 88, 931-937.
 Bijttebier, P. and Vertommen, H. (1998) The impact of previous experience on children’s reactions to venipunctures. Journal of Health Psychology, 3, 39-46.
 Carlson, K., Broome, M. and Vessey, J. (2000) Using distraction to reduce reported pain, fear, and behavioral distress in children and adolescents: A multisite study. Journal of the Society of Pediatric Nurses, 5, 75-85.
 Lim, O.W. and Cho, K.J. (2006) The effects of character distraction on intravenous injection pain of hospitalized preschooler. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 12, 215-222.
 Lee, B.I. and Kwon, I.S. (2005) Effects of distraction using operating doll on preschool children’s pain during an IV catheter insertion. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 11, 490-497.
 Koo, H.Y., Park, H.R. and Lim, J.H. (2007) Effects of distraction using balloon art on pain during intravenous injections in preschool children. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 13, 66-72.
 Lim, J. and Shin, Y. (2007) Effects of distraction by a cellular phone on pain and fear during venipuncture procedure for hospitalized preschool children. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 13, 506-511.
 Chung, Y., Park, K. and Kim, J. (2006) Effects of EMLA cream to decrease venipuncture related pain and anxiety in children. Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing, 12, 253-259.
 Kim, S., Shin, S. and Park, Y. (1994) The effect of the local anesthetic cream in alleviating pain from vaccinetion. Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine, 11, 270-276.
 Ahn, J., Lee, K. and Park, Y. (1994) The effect of local anesthetic ointment (EMLA) for renal biopsy among children. Kidney Research and Clinical Practice, 13, 431.
 Kim, H., Ko, S., Hong, S., et al. (2002) The topical anesthesia with EMLA cream in children: A case report. Journal of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, 29, 69-75.
 Wong, D. and Baker, C. (1988) Pain in children: Comparison of assessment scales. Pediatric Nursing Journal, 14, 9-17.
 Lebaron, S. and Zeltzer, L. (1984) Assessment of acute pain and anxiety in children and adolescents by self-reports, observer reports, and a behavior checklist. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 729-738.
 Huskisson, E. (1974) Measurement of pain. Lancet, 2, 1127-1131.
 Johnston, C. and Strada, M. (1986) Acute pain response in infant: A multidimensional description. Pain, 24, 373-382.
 Nagengast, S. (1993) The use of EMLA cream to reduce and/or eliminate procedural pain in children. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 8, 406-407
 Rogers, T. and Ostrow, C. (2004) The use of EMLA cream to decrease venipuncture pain in children. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 19, 33-39.
 Fan, H., Chen, H., Chen, S., et al. (2013) The effect of EMLA cream on minimizing pain during venipuncture in premature infants. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 59, 72-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fms040
 Dutta, S. (1999) Use of eutectic mixture of local anesthetics in children. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 66, 707-715.
 Britt, R.B. (2005) Using EMLA cream before venipuncture. Nursing, 35, 17.