C. J. Li, Y. C. Fang and M. C. Cheng, “Study of Optimization of an LCD Light Guide Plate with Neural Network and Genetic Algorithm,” Optics Express, Vol. 17, No. 12, 2009, pp. 10177-10188.
 N. Yamada and T. Nishikawa, “Evolutionary Algorithm for Optimization of Non-Imaging Fresnel Lens Geometry,” Optics Express, Vol. 18, No. S2, 2010, pp. A126-A132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.00A126
 Y. H. Fan, Y. L. Liao, R. J. Chen, S. K. Chang and J. C. T. Hsieh, “Optimal Design of LED Backlight Unit with Double-Triangular Structure Using a Genetic Algorithm,” Fourth International Conference on Natural Computation, Jinan, 25-27 August 2008, pp. 625-629.
 Y. S. Kim, A. S. Choi and J. W. Jeong, “Applying Micro Genetic Algorithm to Numerical Model for Luminous Intensity Distribution of Planar Prism LED Luminaire,” Optics Communications, Vol. 293, 2013, pp. 22-30.
 P. Y. Tsai, C. C. Hsieh and Y. H. Li, “Application of a Novel Focused Microlens to Light-Emitting Diode Packaging,” Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2010, Article ID: 033012.
 C. C. Hsieh, P. Y. Tsai, Y. H. Li and C. W. Fan, “Investigation of the Influence of Structural Parameters of a Fresnel-Type Lens on the Narrowing of Light-Emitting Diode Light Beams,” Journal of Microlithography, Microfabrication, and Microsystem, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2011, pp. 1-9.
 S. H. Baik, S. K. Hwang, Y. G. Kim, G. Park, J. H. Kwon, W. T. Moon, S. H. Kim, B. K. Kim and S. H. Kang, “Simulation and Fabrication of the Cone Sheet for LCD Backlight Application,” Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2009, pp. 478-483.