Acid mine drainage (AMD) is an industrial pollution of prime concern for the whole world. It is the driving force for an array of water pollutants especially heavy metals. Heavy metals (Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Co, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd) were investigated in this study. Water and sediment samples were collected from the Ngwenya Iron Ore Mine Quarry Dam to investigate the occurrence of AMD phenomenon in the old mine. The main Fe compounds found in the Ngwenya Mine ore are haematite and pyrite. The Quarry Dam is located in one of the mine pits and it has neither visible inlet nor outlet. Physico-chemical parameters (pH, EC, ORP, T) were determined in the water by Electrochemical methods using the WTW 340i probes. Anions in the water were quantified by Ion Chromatography (IC) whereas heavy metals in water and sediments were quantified by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS). The BCR-Sequential Extraction procedure was used to speciate the heavy metals in the sediment samples. The mean pH of 4.34 in the Quarry Dam water is comparable to the pH of other AMD polluted water. The high mean EC of 4.522 mS/cm depicted that the water was laden with ions which are dissolved from the ore by the AMD. The sulfate ion, a well-known indicator for AMD pollution in water, is the second dominant anion where the order is NO3-> SO42-> Cl-. The heavy metal levels in water and sediments were in the order Co > Ni > Cr >Zn > Mn > Cu > Fe > Cd > Pb and Fe > Mn > Cr > Ni > Pb > Co > Cd > Cu > Zn respectively. The heavy metals are all bioavailable, hence they are potential health risks to both biota and residents in the vicinity of the mine. The pH of the water in the Quarry dam is comparable to those obtained for some other AMD polluted water. It is inferred that AMD is being produced in the old mine. It is recommended that an Environmental Impact Assessment of AMD must be carried out before the mine is re-opened.
 G. O. Olutona, O. G. Aribisala and E. A. Akintunde, “A Study of Chemical Speciation of Metals in Aquatic Bottom Sediment of Aiba Reservoir, Iwo, Nigeria,” African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 6, No. 8, 2012, pp. 312-321.
 A. Concas, C. Ardau, A. Cristini, P. Zuddas and G. Cao, “Mobility of Heavy Metals from Tailings to Stream Waters in a Mining Activity Contaminated Site,” Chemosphere, Vol. 63, No. 2, 2006, pp. 244-253.
 H. Tutu, E. M. Cukrowska, V. Dohnal and J. Havel, “Application of Artificial Neural Networks for Classification of Uranium Distribution in the Central Rand Goldfield, South Africa,” Environmental Modeling and Assessment, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2005, pp. 143-152.
 C. Afriyie-Debrah, K. Obiri-Danso and J. H. Ephriam, “Effect of Acid Mine Drainage on Creeks or Streams in a Mining Community in Ghana and Treatment Options,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 1, No. 5, 2010.
 H. Tutu, E. Cukrowska, T. S. McCarthy, N. F. Mphephu and R. Hart, “Determination and Modelling of Geochemical Speciation of Uranium in Gold Mine Polluted Land in South Africa,” Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Mine Water and the Environment, Johannesburg, 2003, pp. 137-155.
 A. E. Meadows and A. A. Carpenter, “Acid Mine Drainage and Groundwater Pollution,” Groundwater Pollution Primer. CE 4594: Soil and Groundwater Pollution, Civil Engineering Department, Virginia Tech., 1997.
 G. M. El Zokm, S. El-Gohary and D. E. Abd-El-Khalek, “Studies of Some Heavy Metals in Water and Sediment in El-Max Fish Farm, Egypt,” World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2012, pp. 171-180.
 R. K. Klake, V. K. Nartey, L. K. Doamekpor and K. A. Edor, “Correlation between Heavy Metals in Fish and Sediment in Sakumo and Kpeshie Lagoons, Ghana,” Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 3, 2012, pp. 1070-1077. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2012.39125
 M. F. Zaranyika and T. Chirinda, “Heavy Metal Speciation Trends in Mine Slime Dams: A Case Study of Slime Dams at a Goldmine in Zimbabwe,” Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Vol. 3, No. 5, 2011, pp. 103-115.
 A. D. O’Sullivan, R. Conlon, B. Moran and M. Otte, “Characterisation of Constructed Wetland Substrates by Chemical Sequential Extraction and X-Ray Diffraction Analyses,” Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Vol. 105B, No. 2, 2005, pp. 87-94.
 Malolotja Nature Reserve, 1998-2013.
 A. Tessier, P. G. C. Campbell and M. Bisson, “Sequential Extraction Procedure for the Speciation of Particulate Trace Metals,” Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 51, No. 7, 1979, pp. 844-851. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac50043a017
 J. M. Bigham, O. H. Tuovinen, K. S. Brady and T. J. Logan, “Iron Speciation in Acid Mine Effluents: Chemical and Microbial Controls,” Department of Agronomy and Microbiology, The Ohio State University, 1984.
 M. C. Jung, J. S. Ahn and H. Chon, “Environmental Contamination and Sequential Extraction of Trace Elements from Mine Wastes around Various Metalliferous Mines in Korea,” Geosystem Eng., 2001, pp. 50-60.
 C. Ewen, M. A. Anagnostopoulou and N. I. Ward, “Monitoring of Heavy Metal Levels in Roadside Dusts of Thessaloniki, Greece, in Relation to Motor Vehicle Traffic Density and Flow,” Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, Vol. 157, No. 1-4, pp. 483-498.
 E. U. Etim and G. U. Adie, “Assessment of Toxic Heavy Metal Loading in Topsoil Samples within the Vicinity of a Limestone Quarry in South Western Nigeria,” African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 6, No. 8, 2012, pp. 322-330.
 A. Szucs, “Geochemical Landscape Analysis for the Risk Assessment of Acid Mine Drainage in a Wetland Environment,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 2006.
 K. F. Mossop and C. M. Davidson, “Comparison of Original and Modified BCR Sequential Procedures for the Fractionation of Copper, Iron, Lead, Manganese and Zinc in Soils and Sediments,” Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow.