has found application in establishing ethnic differences (Harlich et al.,
2002). The plantar Arch pattern dermatoglyhics of the Hausa ethnic group of
Nigeria has not been established, and a lot of work had been done in southern
Nigeria. This work attempts to look into the plantar arch patterns of the
Hausas in Northern Nigeria. A cross-sectional survey of 357 subjects was
collected from persons who were truly of the Hausa tribe in Nigeria. 222 of the
subjects were males while 135 were females. There was a significant difference
in the plantar arch pattern on both sexes as confirmed by the chi-square test.
There were differences on both feet. The percentage frequency of the arch
pattern on the toes was greatest on the females and on
the right toe (63%). The frequency was least on females (9.9%). The frequencies
were greatest on the right toes of both sexes.
Cite this paper
Abue, A. , Ujaddughe, M. & Kpela, M. (2013). The Arch Pattern Dermatoglyphics on the Toes of Hausa Ethnic Group of Nigeria. Advances in Anthropology, 3,
237-239. doi: 10.4236/aa.2013.34033
 Angrosino, M. V. (2004). Projects in ethnographic research. Long grove, IL: Waveland Press.
 Alvarez, J., Horton, J., Sohn, P. et al. (2001). The perichondrium plays an important role in mediating the effects of TGF-1β on endochndral bone formation. Development Dynamic, 221, 311.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dvdy.1141
 Barlow, P. (1973). The influence of inactive chromosome on human development. Human Genetics, 17, 105-106.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00277906
 Bernard, H. R. (2002). Research methods in anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (3rd ed.). Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press.
 Bonnevie, K. (1924). Studies on papillary patterns of human fingers. Journal of Genetics, 15, 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02983100
 Boroffice, R. (1978). (Digital dermatoglyphics patterns) sample of Nigerian Population. American Journal Physical Anthropology, 49, 2.
 Brooks, C. G. D., & de Vries, B. B. A. (1998). Skeletal dysplasias. Archdis Child, 79, 285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.79.3.285
 Carneiro, R. L. (2003). Evolutionism in cultural anthropology: A critical history. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
 Connor, J. M., & Fergusson-Smith, M. A. Essential medical genetics. 152.
 Cummins, H., & Midlo, C. Finger prints, palms and sole, animals of human genetics. 72-75.
 Dankmeijer, J. Some anthropological data on finger prints. American Journal of physical anthropology, 23, 377.
 Dicks, B. et al. (2005). Qualitative research and hypermedia: Athnography for the digital age (New technologies for social research). Thousand Oaks’, CA: Sage Publications.
 Ekanem, E. P. et al. (2009). Digital dermatoglyphic patterns of Annangthnic group in AkwaIbom state of Nigeria. Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology, 3, 5.
 Erickson, P. A., & Murphy, L. D. (2003). A history of anthropological theory (2nd ed.). Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press.
 Erlebacher, A., Filvaroff, E.H., Gitelman, S.E. et al. (1995). Toward a molecular understanding of skeletal development. Cell, 80, 371.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(95)90487-5
 Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of culture. London: Hutchinson.
 Harris, M. (1979). Cultural materialism: The struggle for a science of culture. New York: Random House.
 Holt, S. B. Genetics of dermal ridges. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 42, 211-241.
 Igbigbi, P. S., & Didia, B. C. Plantar pattern of the Urhobos ethnic group of southern Nigeria.
 Jantz, R. L. Sex and asymmetry of the finger ridge count. Annals of Human Biology, 5, 285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014467800002911
 Jirasek, J. E. (2004). An atlas of human prenatal development mechanics. Anatomy and Staging, London and New York: Taylor & Francis.
 Komatz, Z., & Ohshiro, K. Hallucal ridge count in patients with klinefelter’s syndrome. Annals of Human Biology, 8, 171-174.