OJPed  Vol.3 No.4 , December 2013
Prevalence and predictors of urinary tract infections among children with cerebral palsy in Makurdi, Nigeria
ABSTRACT

Background: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are prone to urinary tract infection (UTI), a common cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. However, there has been no report regarding the prevalence of UTI among this group of children inNigeria. Objectives: The study aims at determining the prevalence and the possible predictors of UTI in children with CP compared to age and sex matched children without CP. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out among consecutive children with CP at the Neurologic Clinic in the Paediatric Department of the Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, Nigeria, from December 2011 to May 2013. Results: The age range of the studied population was between 2 and 15 years with a mean age of 8.63 ± 3.83 years including 30 males and 22 females. UTI was confirmed in 20 (38.5%) children with cerebral palsy compared to 2 children (3.8%) without CP (p value 0.000). Among children with CP, Escherichia coli was the commonest organism isolated in 9 (9/20, 45.0%), Streptococcus faecalis in 4 (20.0%), Staphylococcus aureus in 3 (15%), while both Proteus spp., and Klebsiella spp., were isolated in 2 children (10.0%) each. Escherichia coli was also found in the 2 children without CP. All the organisms were resistant to co-trimoxazole, nalidixic acid, nitrofuratoin and amoxiclav, while they were 100% sensitive to ceftriazone and the quinolones. In a univariate regression, analysis only moderate to severe gross motor dysfunction predicted the risk of UTI (OR = 54.81, 95%CI, 2.27 - 1324.00, p value 0.014). Conclusion: Efforts should be put in place to aid mobility among children with CP in order to reduce risk of UT.


Cite this paper
Anígilájé, E. and Bitto, T. (2013) Prevalence and predictors of urinary tract infections among children with cerebral palsy in Makurdi, Nigeria. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 3, 350-357. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2013.34063.
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