AJPS  Vol.4 No.11 , November 2013
Attraction of Idioscopus clypealis (Leith) (Cicadellidae: Homoptera) to Sticky Colored Traps in Mango Orchard
Abstract: The present study was conducted at the Faiz Chaman mango orchard, Multan to find out the attraction of mango hopper Idioscopus clypealis to sticky traps of different colors. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block designed with three replications. The sticky traps were hung vertically with the branch/twig under the canopy of mango trees. Data were recorded under binocular stereoscope. Results indicated significant differences in the number of I. clypealis (adults) captured in the different colored sticky traps. Yellow color was found most attractive with a capture of highest number of adults of I. clypealis (11.53 adults/trap). While pink and purple colors were found less attractive. The peak population of mango hoppers was recorded at the 31.96°C during 25-April to 9-May. Yellow sticky traps were found most effective in trapping a considerably higher number of hoppers throughout the study period. Correlation analysis revealed a strong positive correlation between temperature and the mean number of I. clypealis adults. Population peaks of I. clypealis were recorded at temperatures >30°C, while at lower temperatures relatively low numbers of adults were recorded.
Cite this paper: S. Saeed, M. Amin, Q. Saeed and M. Farooq, "Attraction of Idioscopus clypealis (Leith) (Cicadellidae: Homoptera) to Sticky Colored Traps in Mango Orchard," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 11, 2013, pp. 2275-2279. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.411281.

[1]   R. N. Tharanathan, H. M. Yashoda and T. N. Prabha, “Mango (Mangifera indica L.), ‘The King of Fruits’— An Overview,” Food Reviews International, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2006, pp. 95-123.

[2]   Federal Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan, Karachi, Pakistan, 2010-2011.

[3]   FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FAOSTAT-Production: Countries by Commodity, Crop., 2013.

[4]   S. R. A. Khan, “Management in Mango Production,” Hort. Manag, Vol. 12, 2005, pp. 6-7.

[5]   M. Shahnawz, S. A. Sheikh and S. G. Khaskheli, “Effect of Storage on the Physicochemical Characteristics of the Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Variety, Langra,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 11, No. 41, 2012, pp 9825-9828.

[6]   “Fruit, Vegetable and Condiment Statistics of Pakistan,” Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, 2004-2005.

[7]   A. I. Mohyuddin and R. Mahmood, “Integrated Control of Mango Pests in Pakistan,” Acta Horticulturae, Vol. 341, 1993, pp. 467-487.

[8]   N. M. Das, K. S. Ramamany and M. R. G. K. Nair, “Biology of a New Jassid of Mango Amrasca splendens Gauri,” Indian Journal of Entomology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 1969, pp 288-290.

[9]   A. H. Soomro, R. D. Khuhro and H. U. Ansari, “Status of Insects Associated with Mango Blossom,” Proceedings 5th Pakistan Congress of Zoology, University of Karachi, 8-11 June 1986, Karachi, pp.123-125.

[10]   A. S. Atwal, “Agricultural Pests of India and South East Asia,” Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, 1976, p. 502.

[11]   D. K. Butani, “Insects and Fruits,” Periodical Experts Book Agency, New Delhi, 1979, p. 415.

[12]   A. C. Sen and D. Prasad, “Experiments with New Synthetic Insecticides for the Control of Mango Hoppers in Bihar,” Indian Journal of Entomology, Vol. 16, No. 3, 1954, pp. 234-246.

[13]   A. C. Sen and D. P. Chaudhari, Indian Agriculturist, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1961, pp. 85-86.

[14]   P. B. Patil, R. S. Giraddi and B. S. Goudreddy, “Tree Hoppers Infesting Mango Seedlings and Its Control,” A.R.S. India, Vol. 22, 1988, pp. 12-14.

[15]   R. J. Prokopy and E. D. Owens, “Visual Detection of Plants by Herbivorous Insects,” Annual Review of Entomology, Vol. 28, 1983, pp. 337-364.

[16]   D. E. Meyerdirk and D. S. Moreno, “Flight Behavior and Colour Trap Preference of Parabemesia myricae (Kuwana) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in Citrus Orchard,” Environmental Entomology, Vol. 13, 1984, pp. 167-170.

[17]   A. L. Knight and E. Miliczky, “Influence of Trap Colour on the Capture of Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), Honeybees, and Non-Target Flies,” Journal of British Columbia Entomological Society, Vol. 100, 2003, pp 65-70.

[18]   E. Atakan and R. Canhilal, “Evaluation of Yellow Sticky Traps at Various Heights for Monitoring Cotton Insect Pests,” Journal of Agricuture and Urban Entomoloy, Vol. 21, 2004, pp. 15-24.

[19]   T. A. DeGooyer, L. P. Pedigo and E. R. Marlin, “Development of Sticky Trap Sampling Technique for Potato Leafhopper Adults,” Journal of Agricultural Entomology, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1998, pp. 33-37.

[20]   J. R. Meyer and S. A. Colvin, “Diel Periodicity and Trap bias in Sticky Trap Sampling of Sharpnosed Leafhopper Populations,” Journal of Entomology and Science, Vol. 20, No. 2, 1985, pp. 237-243.

[21]   H. M. Lefroy, “Indian Insect Pest. Today and Tomorrow,” Printers and Publishers, New Delhi, 1906, p. 786.

[22]   P. L. Tandon, B. Lal and G. S. P. Rao, “Prediction of the Mango Hoppers Idioscopus clypealis (Lethierry) Population in Relation to Physical Environmental Factors,” Journal of Entomology, Vol. 8, 1983, pp. 257-261.

[23]   R. K. Patel, “Population Behaviour (Sex-Ratio) of Mango Hopper, Amritodus atkinsoni Leth (Jassidae: Homoptera) and Their Parasitism under Prevailing Temperature and Humidity under Field Conditions in South Gujurat,” Indian Journal of Entomology, Vol. 52, 1990, pp. 393-396.

[24]   C. S. Dalvi and R. B. Dumbre, “Breeding and Seasonal Incidence of Mango Hoppers,” Bulletin of Entomology, Vol. 35, 1994, pp. 1008-1010.

[25]   A. M. Sheikh, H. C. Ratanpara, J. R. Patel and S. N. Patel, “Effect of Weather on Mango Hopper Population in Middle Gujarat,” Rainfed Agricultural Research Newsletter, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1993, pp. 2-3.

[26]   M. A. Talpur, R. D. Khuhro and I. A. Nizamani, “Phenological Relationship between Mango Hoppers Idioscopus spp and Mango Inflorescence/Fruit,” Pakistan Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 5, 2002, pp 533-536.

[27]   J. S. Khangura, et al. In: National Symposium on Mango Production and Export, Lucknow, 25-27 June 1998, Central Institute of Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow, p. 58.