Black Holes—Information Models

Affiliation(s)

The Institute of Informatics Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Hetnet Consulting Corp., Moscow, Russia.

The Institute of Informatics Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Hetnet Consulting Corp., Moscow, Russia.

ABSTRACT

Estimation of the volume of information in black holes is necessary for generation of restrictions for their formation, development and interconversion. Information is an integral part of the Universe. By its physical essence information is heterogeneity of matter and energy. The universal measure of physical heterogeneity of information is the Shannon in- formation entropy. It is important to note that the Neumann entropy cannot be applied as the universal measure of het- erogeneity because it is equal to zero for structured pure state. Therefore information is inseparably connected with matter and energy. The informatics laws of nature are: the basic law of Zeilinger’s quantum mechanics postulates that the elementary physical system (in particular, fundamental particles: quarks, leptons,…) bears one bit of information, the law of simplicity of complex systems, the law of uncertainty (information) conservation, the law of finiteness of complex systems characteristics, the law of necessary variety by W. Ashby, and the theorem of K. Gödel. The law of finiteness of complex systems characteristics and the principle of necessary variety by W. Ashby impose restrictions on the topology and symmetry of the universe. The author’s works testify about the practicality of information laws simultaneously with physical rules for cognition of the Universe. The results presented in this paper show the effectiveness of informational approach to studying the black holes. The article discusses the following questions: The volume of information in the black hole, Emission and absorption of usual substance by a black hole, Formation and development (changing) of black holes, Black hole merger. Black hole is called optimal if information content is minimal at the University region. Optimal black holes can exist when at least the two types of substance are available in the Universe: with non-linear and linear correspondence between information content and mass. Information content of optimal black hole is proportional to squared coefficient correlating information content with mass in usual substance and in inverse proportion to coefficient correlating information content with black hole mass. Concentration of mass in optimal black hole minimizes information content in the system “usual substance—black holes”. Minimal information content of the Universe consisting of optimal black holes only is twice as less as information content available of the Universe of the same mass filled with usual substance only. An information approach along with a physical one allows obtaining new, sometimes more general data in relation to data obtained on the ground of physical rules only.

Cite this paper

I. Gurevich, "Black Holes—Information Models,"*Open Journal of Microphysics*, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 128-140. doi: 10.4236/ojm.2013.34019.

I. Gurevich, "Black Holes—Information Models,"

References

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[3] I. M. Gurevich, “Informatics Laws—A Basis of a Structure and Cognitive of Complex Systems,” 2nd Edition, Torus Press, Moscow, 2007.

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[14] http://elementy.ru/posters/spectrum/gamma

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[16] I. M. Gurevich, “Of Information Models in Cosmology. Systems and Tools of Computer Science,” Vol. 17, IPI RAN, Moscow, 2007, pp. 164-183.

[17] I. M. Gurevich, “Optimal Black Holes Are the Cosmological Objects, Which Minimize Volume of Information in Areas of the Universe and in the Universe as a Whole,” 2010. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.0947

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[19] I. Gurevich, “About restrictions on volume of the information in the Universe,” 58th International Astronautical Congress, 2007.

[20] I. M. Gurevich, “Information Characteristics of Physical Systems,” Cypress, Sevastopol, 2009, 170 p.

[21] I. M. Gurevich, “Information Characteristics of Physical Systems,” 2nd Edition, Cypress, Sevastopol, 2010, 260 p.

[22] I. M. Gurevich and A. D. Ursul, “Information—The general Property of Matter. The Characteristics. The Estimations. The Restrictions. The Consequences,” LIBROKOM, 2011, 312 p.

[23] I. Gurevich, “Physical Informatics,” Lap Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG, 2012, 288 p.

[24] I. Gurevich, “Some Works on Physical Informatics,” LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2012, 276 p.

[25] S. Lloyd, “Computational Capacity of the Universe,” 2001.

[1] A. Zeilinger, “A Foundational Principle for Quantum Mechanics,” Foundations of Physics, Vol. 29, No. 4, 1999, pp. 631-643.

[2] I. M. Gurevich, “Law of Informatics—A Basis of Researches and Designing of Complex Communication and Management Systems,” Ecos, Moscow, 1989, 60 p.

[3] I. M. Gurevich, “Informatics Laws—A Basis of a Structure and Cognitive of Complex Systems,” 2nd Edition, Torus Press, Moscow, 2007.

[4] C. A. Shannon, “Mathematical Theory of Communication,” Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 27, 1948, pp. 379-423,623-656.

[5] R. L. Stratonovich, “Information Theory,” Soviet Radio, Moscow, 1975.

[6] L. Brillouin, “Science and Information Theory,” Fizmatgiz, Moscow, 1960, 392 p.

[7] K. A. Valiev and A. A. Kokin, “Quantum Computers: Hope and Reality,” Scientific and Publishing Center, Moscow-Izhevsk, 2004, p. 320.

[8] R. Penrose, “The Emperor’s New Mind,” Oxford University Press, 1989, 466 p.

[9] I. D. Novicov and V. P. Frolov, “The Physics of Black Holes,” Science, Moscow, 1986, 328 p.

[10] A. N. Vasiliev, “Evolution of the Universe,” The St. Petersburg state University, 1996.

[11] S. L. Shapiro and S. A. Teucolsky, “Black Holes, White Dwarfs, and Neutron Stars,” The Physics of Compact Objects, Cornell University, New York, 1983.

[12] June Gamma-Ray Burst Did Not Want to Fit into the Theory. http://elementy.ru/news/430418

[13] http://crydee.sai.msu.ru/~mir/Star_Life.site/Structure/Star_models/Dwarfs/wdmod.htm

[14] http://elementy.ru/posters/spectrum/gamma

[15] I. M. Gurevich, “Information Model of a Black Hole,” Proceedings of the Conference, VAK-2007, Kazan, 2007.

[16] I. M. Gurevich, “Of Information Models in Cosmology. Systems and Tools of Computer Science,” Vol. 17, IPI RAN, Moscow, 2007, pp. 164-183.

[17] I. M. Gurevich, “Optimal Black Holes Are the Cosmological Objects, Which Minimize Volume of Information in Areas of the Universe and in the Universe as a Whole,” 2010. http://arxiv.org/abs/1008.0947

[18] I. M. Gurevich, “Structure of the Universe with the Minimum Information,” Works of Conference ВАК-2007, Kazan, 2007, pp. 432-434.

[19] I. Gurevich, “About restrictions on volume of the information in the Universe,” 58th International Astronautical Congress, 2007.

[20] I. M. Gurevich, “Information Characteristics of Physical Systems,” Cypress, Sevastopol, 2009, 170 p.

[21] I. M. Gurevich, “Information Characteristics of Physical Systems,” 2nd Edition, Cypress, Sevastopol, 2010, 260 p.

[22] I. M. Gurevich and A. D. Ursul, “Information—The general Property of Matter. The Characteristics. The Estimations. The Restrictions. The Consequences,” LIBROKOM, 2011, 312 p.

[23] I. Gurevich, “Physical Informatics,” Lap Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG, 2012, 288 p.

[24] I. Gurevich, “Some Works on Physical Informatics,” LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2012, 276 p.

[25] S. Lloyd, “Computational Capacity of the Universe,” 2001.