Estimation of the volume of information in black holes
is necessary for generation of restrictions for their formation, development
and interconversion. Information is an integral part of the Universe. By its
physical essence information is heterogeneity of matter and energy. The
universal measure of physical heterogeneity of information is the Shannon in- formation
entropy. It is important to note that the Neumann entropy cannot be applied as
the universal measure of het- erogeneity because it is equal to zero for
structured pure state. Therefore information is inseparably connected with
matter and energy. The informatics laws of nature are: the basic law of
Zeilinger’s quantum mechanics postulates that the
elementary physical system (in particular, fundamental particles: quarks,
leptons,…) bears one bit of information, the law of simplicity of complex
systems, the law of uncertainty (information) conservation, the law of
finiteness of complex systems characteristics, the law of necessary variety by W.
Ashby, and the theorem of K. Gödel. The law of finiteness of complex systems
characteristics and the principle of necessary variety by W. Ashby impose
restrictions on the topology and symmetry of the universe. The author’s works testify
about the practicality of information laws simultaneously with physical rules
for cognition of the Universe. The results presented in this paper show the
effectiveness of informational approach to studying the
black holes. The article discusses the following questions: The
volume of information in the black hole, Emission and absorption of usual substance by
a black hole, Formation and development (changing) of black holes, Black
hole merger. Black hole is called optimal if information content is minimal at
the University region. Optimal black holes can exist when at least the two
types of substance are available in the Universe: with non-linear and linear
correspondence between information content and mass. Information content of
optimal black hole is proportional to squared coefficient correlating
information content with mass in usual substance and in inverse proportion to
coefficient correlating information content with black hole mass. Concentration
of mass in optimal black hole minimizes information content in the system
“usual substance—black holes”. Minimal information content of the Universe
consisting of optimal black holes only is twice as less as information content
available of the Universe of the same mass filled with usual substance only. An
information approach along with a physical one allows obtaining new,
sometimes more general data in relation to data obtained on the ground of
physical rules only.
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