EPE  Vol.5 No.4 B , July 2013
Review of Modeling Methods of Distributed Energy Supply System Connected to the Grid
Abstract: At present, the development of distribution network can’t meet the requirements of rapid economic development. The traditional single energy supply is difficult to meet the request, and distributed energy supply has a lot of advantages compared to it, particularly it's close to the end users, and they have been developed well and applied widely in recent years. This paper summarizes the features and current development of the distributed energy supply, and mainly describes the grid-connection model of distributed energy supply. Base on the mathematic grid-connection model of distributed power sources with different generation principles as well as that energy storage, the treatment of these models in distribution network power flow analysis is also presented.
Cite this paper: S. Wei and Q. Liu, "Review of Modeling Methods of Distributed Energy Supply System Connected to the Grid," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 4, 2013, pp. 1317-1323. doi: 10.4236/epe.2013.54B250.

[1]   Mukesh Nagpal, Frank Plumtre, Richard Fulton, T. G. Martinich, “Dispersed Generation Interconnection-Utility Perspective,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol.42, No.3, 2006, doi:10.1109/TIA.2006.872954

[2]   T. E. Kim, J. E. Kim, “A Method for Determining the Introduction limit of distribution generation system in distribution system,” 2001 IEEE, 2001.

[3]   A. Losi, M. Russo, “An Object Oriented Approach to Load Flow in Distribution Systems,” in Proc IEEE PES Summer Meeting, Vol. 4, Seattle, WA, July2000, pp. 23322-2337.

[4]   Y. Zhu, K. Tomsovic, “Adaptive Power Flow Method for Distribution System with Dispersed Generation,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol.17, No.3, 2002, pp.822-827. doi:10.1109/TPWRD.2002.1022810

[5]   C. S. Wang, H. F. Zheng, Y. H. Xie, K. Chen, “Probabilistic Power Flow Containing Distributed Generation in Distribution System,” Automation of Electric Power Systems, Vol.29, No.24, 2005, pp.39-44.

[6]   A. E. Feijoo, Jose Cidras, “Modeling of Wind Farm in the Load Flow Analysis,”IEEE transactions on power system, Vol.15, No.1, 2000, pp. 110-115. doi:10.1109/59.852108

[7]   C. S. Wang, Maliki Guindo, “Three-phase Unbalanced Radial Distribution Power Flow Analysis with Wind Farm Considered,” Automation of Electric Power System, Vol.30, No.16, 2006, pp.21-26.

[8]   Z. Xiang, W. Jiang, D. Xie, “Research on Stable Operation of Grid-connected Wind Farms,” East China Electric Power, Vol.35, No.3, 2007, pp.36-40.

[9]   H. Y. Chen, J. F. Chen, X. Z. Duan, “Study on Power Flow Calculation of Distribution System with DGs,” Automation of Electric Power Systems, Vol. 30, No.1, 2006, pp.35-40.

[10]   S. X. Wang, X. Y. Jiang, C. S. Wang, “Distribution Power Flow Calculation with Wind Turbines,” China International Conference on Electricity, 2006.

[11]   S. Conti, S. Raiti “Probabilistic Load Flow Using Monte Carlo Techniques for Distribution Networks with Photovoltaic Generators,” Sol. Energy, 2007.

[12]   O. Wasynczuk, “Modeling and Dynamic Performance of a Line-commutated Photovoltaic Inverter System,”IEEE Transactions on Power Conversion, Vol.4, No.3, 1989, pp.337-343.

[13]   L. Zhang, A. Al-Amoudi, Y. F. Bai, “Real-time Maximum Power Point Tracking for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems,” Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives, 2000, pp.124-129.

[14]   D. J. Zhou, Z. M. Zhao, L. B. Wu, “Analysis Characteristics of Photovoltaic Arrays Using Simulation,” Journal of Tsinghua University (Natural Science), Vol.47, No.7, 2007, pp.1109-1112.

[15]   J. D. Mondol, Y. G. Yohanis, Brian Norton, “Comparison of Measured and Predicted Long Term Performance of a Grid Connected Photovoltaic System,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 48, No. 4, 2007, pp.1065-1080. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2006.10.021

[16]   Shigenori Naka, Takamu Genji, Yoshikazu Fukuyama, “Practical Equipment Models for Fast Distribution Power Flow Considering Interconnection of Distributed Generators,” Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, IEEE. Vol.2, July2001, pp.1007-1012.

[17]   J. Yao, D. Popovic, “Stability of a MV Distribution Network with Electronically Interfaced Distributed Generation,” Power Engineering Society General Meeting IEEE, June2004, pp. 2162-2167.

[18]   Y. H. Li, S. Rajakaruna, S. S.Choi, “Control of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Power Plant in a Grid-Connected System,”IEEE, Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 22, No. 2, 2007, pp.405-413. doi:10.1109/TEC.2005.853756

[19]   M. Y. El-Sharkh, A. Rahman, M. S.Alam, “Analysis of Activeand Reactive Power Control of a Stand-Alone PEM Fuel Cell Power Plant,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol.19, No. 4, 2004, pp. 2022-2028.

[20]   Rekha, T. Jagaduri, Ghadir Radman, “Modeling and control of distributed generation systems including PEM fuel cell and gas turbine,” Electric Power System Research, Vol. 77, No.1, 2007, pp.83-92. doi:10.1016/j.epsr.2006.02.003

[21]   J. Zeng, B. H. Zhang, C. X. Mao, et al., “Use of Battery Energy Storage to Improve the Power Quality and Stability of Wind Farms,” International Conference on Power System Technology, pp.1-6.