I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam and E. Cayirci, “Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” Computer Networks, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2002, pp. 393-422.
 M. Younis and K. Akkaya, “Strategies and Techniques for Node Placement in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” Ad Hoc Networks, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2008, pp. 621-655.
 A. Howard, M. J. Mataric, and G. S. Sukhatme, “Mobile Sensor Network Deployment using Potential Fields: A Distributed, Scalable Solution to the Area Coverage Problem,” Proceedings of 6th International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotics Systems, Fukuoka, 25-27 June 2002, pp. 299-308.
 Y. Zou and K. Chakrabarty, “Sensor Deployment and Target Localization in Distributed Sensor Networks,” ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2004, pp. 61-91.
 A. Tahiri, E. Egea-López, J. Vales-Alonso, J. GarcíaHaro and M. Essaaidi, “A Novel Approach for Optimal Wireless Sensor Network Deployment,” Proceedings of Symposium on Progress in Information & Communication Technology (SPICT’09), Kuala Lumpur, 7-8 December 2009, pp. 40-45.
 N. Ahmed, S. Kanhere and S. Jha, “A Pragmatic Approach to Area Coverage in Hybrid Wireless Sensor Networks,” Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2011, pp. 23-45.
 X. Wang and S. Wang, “Hierarchical Deployment Optimization for Wireless Sensor Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, Vol. 10, No. 7, 2011, pp. 354-370. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMC.2010.216
 G. Wang, L. Guo, H. Duan, L. Liu and H. Wang, “Dynamic Deployment of Wireless Sensor Networks by Biogeography Based Optimization Algorithm,” Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2012, pp. 86-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jsan1020086
 Y. Xu and X. Yao, “A GA Approach to the Optimal Placement of Sensors in Wireless Sensor Networks with Obstacles and Preferences,” Proceedings of 3rd IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, Las Vegas, 8-10 January 2006, pp. 127-131.http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CCNC.2006.1593001
 J. Seo, Y. Kim, H. Ryou and S. Kang, “A Genetic Algorithm for Sensor Deployment Based on Two-Dimensional Operators,” Proceedings of 2008 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, Fortaleza, 16-20 March 2008, pp. 1812-1813. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1363686.1364121
 A. Tripathi, P. Gupta, A. Trivedi and R. Kala, “Wireless Sensor Node Placement using Hybrid Genetic Programming and Genetic Algorithms,” International Journal of Intelligent Information Technologies, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2011, pp. 63-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/jiit.2011040104
 K. S. Yildirim, T. E. Kalayci and A. Ugur, “Optimizing Coverage in a K-Covered and Connected Sensor Network using Genetic Algorithms,” Proceedings of the 9th WSEAS International Conference on Evolutionary Computing (EC’08), Sofia, 2-4 May 2008, pp. 21-26.
 C. Sahin, et al., “Design of Genetic Algorithms for Topology Control of Unmanned Vehicles,” International Journal of Applied Decision Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2010, pp. 221-238.
 Y. Qu and S. Georgakopoulos, “Relocation of Wireless Sensor Network Nodes using a Genetic Algorithm,” Proceedings of 12th Annual IEEE Wireless and Microwave Technology Conference (WAMICON), Clearwater Beach, 18-19 April 2011, pp. 1-5.
 F. Nematy, N. Rahmani and R. Yagouti, “An Evolutionary Approach for Relocating Cluster Heads in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN), Bhopal, 26-28 November 2010, pp. 323-326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CICN.2010.76
 N. Rahmani, F. Nematy, A. Rahmani and M. Hosseinzadeh, “Node Placement for Maximum Coverage Based on Voronoi Diagram using Genetic Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 12, 2011, pp. 3221-3232.