MSCE  Vol.1 No.6 , November 2013
Pt Deposition on Anode Enhances the Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell with Non-Cross-Linked Gel Electrolyte
ABSTRACT

We fabricated dye-sensitized solar cells with non-cross-linked fluorinated gel electrolyte. The application of fluorinated gel to electrolyte is a challenging issue at present. The gelation of the electrolyte is of importance in order to solve the problem in the durability of the cell. We investigated, in this article, the effect of Pt deposition on the anode of the cell. The Pt was deposited by means of a DC sputtering technique. The studies showed that the deposition time strongly affected both open voltage and short-circuit current of the cell. The adaptive thickness of the Pt layer was determined to be 10 nm for the non-cross-linked fluorinated gel electrolyte cells.


Cite this paper
Ohmukai, M. and Kyokane, J. (2013) Pt Deposition on Anode Enhances the Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell with Non-Cross-Linked Gel Electrolyte. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 1, 16-19. doi: 10.4236/msce.2013.16003.
References
[1]   B. O’Regan and M. Gratzel, “A Low-Cost, High-Efficiency Solar Cell Based on Dye-Sensitized Colloidal TiO2 Films,” Nature, Vol. 353, No. 6346, 1991, pp. 737740. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/353737a0

[2]   M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Kay, I. Rodicio, R. HumphryBaker, E. Mueller, P. Liska, N. Vlachopoulos and M. Gratzel, “Conversion of Light to Electricity by Cis-X2bis (2,2’-bipyridyl-4,4’-dicarboxylate)ruthenium(II) ChargeTransfer Sensitizers (X = Cl-, Br-, I-, CN-, and SCN-) on Nanocrystalline Titanium Dioxide Electrodes,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 115, No. 14, 1993, pp. 6382-6390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja00067a063

[3]   B. Li, L. Wang, B. Kang, P. Wang and Y. Qiu, “Review of Recent Progress in Solid-Satate Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 90, No. 5, 2006, pp. 549-573.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.04.039

[4]   M. Gratzel, “Recent Advances in Sensitized Mesoscopic Solar Cells,” Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 42, No. 11, 2009, pp. 1788-1798.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ar900141y

[5]   Y .Chiba, A. Islam, Y. Watanabe, R. Komiya, N. Koide and L. Han, “Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells with Conversion Efficiency of 11.1%,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 45, No. 25, 2006, pp. L638-L640.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.45.L638

[6]   W. J. Lee, E. Ramasamy, D. Y. Lee and J. S. Song, “DyeSensitized Solar Cells: Scale up and Current-Voltage Characterization,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 91, No. 18, 2007, pp. 1617-1680.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2007.05.022

[7]   Y. H. Lai, C. Y. Lin, J. G. Chen, C. C. Wang, K. C. Huang, K. Y. Liu, K. F. Lin, J. J. Lin and K. C. Ho, “Enhancing the Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells by Incorporating Nanomica Platelets in Gel Electrolyte,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 94, No. 4, 2010, pp. 668-674.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2009.11.027

[8]   S. Murai, S. Mikoshiba and S. Hayase, “Influence of Alkyl Dihalide Gelators on Solidification of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 91, No. 18, 2007, pp. 1707-1712.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2006.12.018

[9]   T. C. Wei, C. C. Wan and Y. Y. Wang, “Preparation and Characterization of a Micro-Porous Polymer Electrolyte with Cross-Linking Network Structure for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 91, No. 20, 2007, pp. 1892-1897.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2007.07.005

[10]   J. Kyokane, K. Shima and H. Sawada, “Electrical Properties of Fluorinated Gel Electrolytes Using High Ionic Conducting Solution and Its Application to Secondary Battery,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 438/439, 2003, pp. 257261. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6090(03)00794-6

[11]   X. Wu, L. Wang and Y. Qiu, “In Situ Synthesis of Mesoporous TiO2 Anatase Films and Their Photovoltaic Performance in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 45, 2006, pp. L1149-L1151.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.45.L1149

[12]   H. Matsui, K. Okada, T. Kitamura and N. Tanabe, “Thermal Stability of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells with Current Collecting Grid,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 93, No. 6-7, 2009, pp. 1110-1115.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2009.01.008

[13]   Y. Yoshida, Y. Noma, Y. Kashiwa, S. Kojima, T. Katoh and S. Hayase, “I2-Resistant TiOx/Ag Collector Fabricated by Arc Plasma Deposition for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 47, No. 8, 2008, pp. 6484-6487.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.47.6484

[14]   Y. Yoshida, S. S. Pandey, K. Uzaki, S. Hayase, M. Kono and Y. Yamaguchi, “Transparent Conductive Oxide LayerLess Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Consisting of Floating Electrode with Gradient TiOx Blocking Layer,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 94, No. 9, 2009, Article ID: 093301.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3089845

[15]   K. Onoda, S. Ngamsinlapasathian, T. Fujieda and S. Yoshikawa, “The Superiority of Ti Plate as the Substrate of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 91, No. 13, 2007, pp. 1176-1181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2006.12.017

[16]   T. C. Wei, C. C. Wan and Y. Y. Wang, “Popy(n-vinyl-2pyrrolidone)-Capped Platinum Nanoclusters on IndiumTin Oxide Glass as Counterelectrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 88, No. 10, 2006, Article ID: 103122.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2186069

[17]   K. Imoto, K. Takahashi, T. Yamaguchi, T. Komura, J. Nakamura and K. Murata, “High-Performance Carbon Counter Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 79, No. 4, 2003, pp. 459-469.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0927-0248(03)00021-7

[18]   Y. S. Wei, Q. Q. Jin and T. Z. Ren, “Expanded Graphite/ Pensil-Lead as Counter Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Solid-State Electronics, Vol. 63, No. 1, 2011, pp. 76-82.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sse.2011.05.019

[19]   J. Halme, M. Toivola, A. Tolvanen and P. Lund, “Charge Transfer Resistance of Spray Deposited and Compressed Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized Nanoparticle Solar Cells on Plastic Substrates,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 90, No. 7-8, 2006, pp. 872-886.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.05.007

[20]   H. Kusama and H. Sugihara, “Density Functional Study of Alkylpyridine-Iodine Interaction and Its Implications in the Open-Circuit Photovltage of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 90, No. 7-8, 2006, pp. 953-966.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.05.014

[21]   A. Usami, S. Seki, Y. Mita, H. Kobayashi, H. Miyashiro and N. Terada, “Temperature Dependence OF Open-Circuit Voltage in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 93, No. 6-7, 2009, pp. 840-842. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2005.05.014

[22]   B. Mahrov, G. Boschloo, A. Hagfeldt, L. Dloczik and T. Dittrich, “Photovoltage Study of Charge Injection from Dye Molecules into Transparent Hole and Electron Conductors,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 84, No. 26, 2004, pp. 5455-5457.

[23]   T. Asano, T. Kubo and Y. Nishikitani, “Short-Circuit Current Density Behavior of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 44, No. 9A, 2005, pp. 6776-6780.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.44.6776

 
 
Top