JMP  Vol.4 No.11 , November 2013
On the Ionization Energy of the Outer Electrons of Atoms and Their Ions
ABSTRACT

An empirical formula is proposed to calculate the total binding energy of the outer electrons of atoms and their ions to a high accuracy. It is the authors’ opinion that the validity of the proposed formula testifies that electronic shells have some “spatial structures”, and the nature of which depends neither on the nucleus charge, nor on the number of the electrons in a shell.


Cite this paper
N. Gudkov and V. Shuvalov, "On the Ionization Energy of the Outer Electrons of Atoms and Their Ions," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 4 No. 11, 2013, pp. 1486-1489. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2013.411178.
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