OJF  Vol.3 No.4 B , October 2013
Effect of Bacteria Exopolysaccharide on Milk Gel Formation
Abstract: The main objective of this study was to determine effect of exopolysaccharide (EPS) from bacteria on formation of milk gel. Milk gel was made from 10%, 15% and 20% Reconstituted Skim Milk (RSM). EPS at different concentrations (0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6%, 0.8% and 1.0% according to our previous study) were added to RSM, heated at 60°C for 30 minute and 85°C for 30 second and cooled to 5°C before viscosity and pH were examined using viscometer and pH-meter. Viscosity was dependent on the concentrations of skim milk, increasing as the concentration of RSM increased. Lower concentration of EPS, viscosity showed a slight increase, but at 0.4% EPS, viscosity of milk gel increased rapidly and continued to increase up to 1%. Microstructure was determined using scanning electron microscope to evaluated milk gel formation. Interaction between milk protein and EPS was showed as network aggregate one and another. EPS function as binding agent between one molecule of casein and another. These results indicated that EPS could use to increase quality of milk gel. °
Cite this paper: Malaka, R. , Ohashi, T. & Baco, S. (2013). Effect of Bacteria Exopolysaccharide on Milk Gel Formation. Open Journal of Forestry, 3, 10-12. doi: 10.4236/ojf.2013.34B004.

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