AS  Vol.4 No.9 B , September 2013
Economic value and exploiting approaches of sea asparagus, a seawater-irrigated vegetable

Sea asparagus is a newly emerging seawater-irrigated vegetable. Firstly, the economic value of sea asparagus was introduced, and then, someexploiting approaches of sea asparagus werefully reviewed. The exploiting approaches mainly include fresh vegetable, pickle, bio-salt, health-care products, animal feed, vegetable oil, bio-diesel and skin-care products.

Cite this paper: Feng, L. , Ji, B. and Su, B. (2013) Economic value and exploiting approaches of sea asparagus, a seawater-irrigated vegetable. Agricultural Sciences, 4, 40-44. doi: 10.4236/as.2013.49B007.

[1]   Glenn, E.P., O’Leary, J.W., Watson, M.C., et al. (1991) Salicornia bigelovii Torr.: An oilseed halophyte for sea-water irrigation. Science, 251, 1065-1067.

[2]   Rozema, J. and Flowers, T. (2008) Ecology: Crops for a Salinized World. Science, 322, 1478-1480.

[3]   Zerai, D.B., Glenn, E.P., Chatervedi, R., et al (2010) Potential for the improvement of Salicornia bigelovii through selective breeding. Ecological Engineering, 36, 730-739.

[4]   Glenn, E.P., Brown, J.J., O’Leary, J.W., et al. (1998) Irrigating crops with seawater. Scientific American, 8, 76-81.

[5]   Ventura, Y. and Sagi, M. (2013) Halophyte crop cultivation: The case for Salicornia and Sarcocornia. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 92, 144-153.

[6]   Lu, Z. Hodges, R.M., Mota-Urbina, C., et al. (2001) Nutrient constituents of salicornia (Salicornia bigelovii Torr.): A seawater-irrigated new green vegetable. Hortscience, 36, 484.

[7]   Feng, L., Wang, L. and Zhao, S. (2011) Research progress and utilization of sea asparagus irrigated by seawater. Shandong Agricultural Sciences, 43, 94-97.

[8]   Kadereit, G., Ball, P., Beer, S., et al. (2007) A taxonomic nightmare comes true: phylogeny and biogeography of glassworts (Salicornia L., Chenopodiaceae). Taxon, 56, 1143-1170.

[9]   Katschnig, D., Broekman, R. and Rozema J. (2013) Salt tolerance in the halophyte Salicornia dolichostachya Moss: Growth, morphology and physiology. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 92, 32-42.

[10]   Yong., C. J., Jong, H.A., Song, M.C., et al. (2002) Studies on pharmaological effects of Glasswort (Salicornia herbacea L.). Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science, 10, 93-99.

[11]   Im, S., Kim, G.W. and Lee, C.K. (2003) Immunomodulatory activity of Salicornia herbacea L. components. Nat. Prod. Sci., 9, 273-277.

[12]   Lee, Y.S., Lee, H.S., Shin, K.H., et al. (2004) Constituents of the Halophyte Salicornia herbacea. Archives of Pharmacal Research, 27, 1034-1036.

[13]   Chung, Y.C., Chun, H.K., Yang, J.Y., et al. (2005) Tungtungmadic Acid, a Novel Antioxidant, from Salicornia herbacea. Archives of Pharmacal Research, 28, 1034- 1036.

[14]   Im, S.A., Kim, J. and Lee, C.K. (2006) Immunomod-ulatory activity of polysaccharides isolated from Salicornia herbacea. International Immunopharmacology, 6, 1451-1458.

[15]   Sang, H.P., Sung, K.K., Jin, G.C., et al. (2006) Salicornia herbacea prevent high fat diet-induced hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in ICR mice. Archives of Pharmacal Research, 29, 256-264.

[16]   Jang, H.S., Kim, K.R., Choi S.W., et al. (2007) Antioxidant and antithrombus activities of enzyme-treated Salicornia herbacea extracts. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 51, 119-125.

[17]   Hwang, J.Y., Lee, S.K., Jo, J.R., et al. (2007) Hypolipidemic effect of Salicornia herbacea in animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nutrition Research and Practice, 1, 371-375.

[18]   Sung, J.H., Park, S.H., Seo, D.H., et al. (2009) Antioxidative and skin-whitening effect of an aqueous extract of Sali-cornia herbacea. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, 73, 552-556.

[19]   Kim, Y.A., Kong, C.S., Young, R.U., et al. (2009) Evaluation of Salicornia herbaceae as a potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory Agent. Journal of Medicinal Food, 12, 661-668.

[20]   Rhee, M.H., Park, H.J. and Cho, J.Y. (2009) Salicornia herbacea: Botanical, chemical and parmacological review of halophyte marsh plant. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 3, 548-555.

[21]   Hwang, Y.P., Yun, Y.J., Chun, H.K., et al. (2009) Protective mechanisms of 3-caffeoyl, 4-dihydrocaffeoyl quinic acid from Sali-cornia herbacea against tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced oxidative damage. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 181, 366-376.

[22]   Ryu, D.S., Kim, S.H. and Lee, D.S. (2009) Anti-proliferative effect of polysaccharides from Salicornia herbacea on induction of G2/M arrest and apoptosis in human colon cancer cells. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 19, 1482-1489.

[23]   Sarker, S.K., Park, S.R., Kim, G.M., et al. (2010) Hamcho (Salicornia herbacea) with probiotics as alternative to antibiotic for broiler production. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 4, 415-420.

[24]   Hwang, Y.P., Yun, H.J., Choi J.H., et al. (2010) 3-caffeoyl, 4-dihydrocaffeoyl quinic acid from Salicornia herbacea inhibits tumor cell invasion by regulating protein kinase C-δ-dependent matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression. Toxicology Letters, 198, 200-209.

[25]   Kang, S., Kim, D., Lee B.H., et al. (2011) Antioxidant properties and cytotoxic effects of fractions from glasswort (Salicornia herbacea) seed extracts on human intestinal cells. Food Science and Biotechnology, 20, 115-122.

[26]   Anwar, F., Bhanger, M.I., Nasir M.K.A., et al. (2002) Analytical characterization of Salicornia bigelovii seed oil in Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 40, 4210-4214.

[27]   Feng, L. and Wen, L. (2009) The development and utilization of Salicornia bigelovii. Journal of Salt and Chemical Industry, 38, 38-42.

[28]   Feng, L., Duan, J.J. and Li, H.J. (2008) Preliminary review of biomass edible Salt. Journal of Salt and Chemical Industry, 37, 39-42.

[29]   Feng, L., Wen, L. and Su, B. (2009) On edible bio-salt. In: Sha, Z.L., Ed., The 9th International Symposium on Salt, Gold Wall Press, Beijing, 1466-1467.

[30]   Attia, F.M., Alsobayel, A.A., Kriadees, M.S., et al. (1997) Nutrient composition and feeding value of Salicornia bigelovii Torr meal in broiler diets. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 65, 257-263.

[31]   Park, Y, Albright, K.J., Liu, W., et al. (1997) Effect of conjugated linoleic acid on body composition in mice. Lipids, 32, 853-858.

[32]   Feng, L. (2008) Halophytes promising for biomass energy resources in China. Journal of Biotechnology, 136S, S271.

[33]   Bailis, R. and Yu, E. (2012) Environmental and social implications of integrated seawater agriculture systems producing Salicornia bigelovii for biofuel. Biofuels, 3, 555-574.