OJN  Vol.3 No.6 , October 2013
The effect of individualized music on agitation for home-dwelling persons with dementia
Author(s) Heeok Park*

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effect of individualized music on agitation for homedwelling patients with dementia. Method: One group pre-post test was used for research design and a total of 26 subjects participated in this study. Individualized music intervention was subjects’ listening to their preferred music for 30 minutes prior to peak agitation time twice a week for a total of four sessions. The subject’s agitation levels were measured for three different points: thirty minutes prior to listening to music, 30 minutes while listening to the music, and after listening to the music throughout the 4 sessions. To measure the agitation level, the modified CohenMansfield Agitation Inventory was used. A Paired ttest was used for data analysis. Results: Most subjects were female (73.1%), Caucasian (92.4%), Protestant (50%), and independent activity (53.8%). The mean of the subjects’ MMSE scores was 8.08 (8.17). The most favorite music types included country/western music (31.0%), religious music (26.9%), and big band (26.9%). Agitation level decreased while listening to the music compared to the baseline (t = 3.70, p < .001). Conclusion: The findings of this study would provide meaningful data to develop an individualized music intervention protocol to control agitation for homedwelling patients with dementia.


Cite this paper
Park, H. (2013) The effect of individualized music on agitation for home-dwelling persons with dementia. Open Journal of Nursing, 3, 453-459. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2013.36061.
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