AJAC  Vol.4 No.10 C , October 2013
Kinetic Modeling of Methylene Blue and Crystal Violet Dyes Adsorption on Alginate-Fixed Water Hyacinth in Single and Binary Systems
Abstract: Removal of Methylene Blue (MB) and Crystal Violet (CV) dyes from monocomponent and binary aqueous solutions by water hyacinth-E. Crassipes roots fixed on alginate (a low-cost adsorbent) has been investigated. The extent of adsorption was evaluated as a function of solution pH, initial dye concentration, and bead biomass loading. Kinetic sorption data were analysed by widely used models: pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Elovich, and intraparticle diffusion models. The results showed that pseudo-second-order model better described the biosorption experimental data than the pseudo-first-order kinetic model for both dyes, whilst the Elovich model fitted the biosorption experimental data at lower dye concentrations. The intraparticle diffusion model indicated that sorption of CV and MB was characterized by rapid surface adsorption coupled with slow film diffusion process at higher initial dye concentration and at all initial bead biomass loading. The range of mean free energy values confirmed physical adsorption as the mechanism for dye removal from solution.
Cite this paper: C. Mahamadi and E. Mawere, "Kinetic Modeling of Methylene Blue and Crystal Violet Dyes Adsorption on Alginate-Fixed Water Hyacinth in Single and Binary Systems," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2013, pp. 17-24. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2013.410A3003.

[1]   N. S. Maurya, A. K. Mittal, P. Cornel and E. Rother, “Biosorption of Dyes Using Dead Macro Fungi: Effect of Dye Structure, Ionic Strength and pH,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 97, No. 3, 2006, pp. 512-521.

[2]   A. Mittal, “Development of a Kinetic Model for the Biosorption of Cationic Dyes by Dead Macrofungi,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 136, No. 5, 2010, pp. 487-492.

[3]   N. D. Lourenco, J. M. Novais and H. M. Pinheiro, “Effect of Some Operational Parameters on Textile Dye Biodegradation in a Sequential Batch Reactor,” Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 89, No. 2-3, 2001, pp. 163-174.

[4]   P. P. Selvam, S. Preethi, P. Basakaralingam, N. Thinakaran, A. Sivasamy and S. Sivanesan, “Removal of Rhodamine B from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption onto Sodium Montmorillonite,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 155, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 39-44.

[5]   A. R. Khataee, F. Vafaei and M. Jannatkhah, “Biosorption of Three Textile Dyes from Contaminated Water by Filamentous Green Algal Spirogyra sp.: Kinetic, Isotherm and Thermodynamic Studies,” International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, Vol. 83, 2013, pp. 33-40.

[6]   A. R. Khataee and G. Dehghan, “Optimization of Biological Treatment of a Dye Solution by Macroalgae Cladophora sp. Using Response Surface Methodology,” Journal of Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2011, pp. 26-33.

[7]   A. R. Khataee, G. Dehghan, A. Ebadi, M. Zarei and M. Pourhassan, “Biological Treatment of a Dye Solution by Macroalgae Chara sp.: Effect of Operational Parameters, Intermediates Identification and Artificial Neural Network Modeling,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 101, No. 7, 2010, pp. 2252-2258.

[8]   D. Kratochvil and B. Volesky, “Advances in the Biosorption of Heavy Metals,” Trends in Biotechnology, Vol. 16, No. 7, 1998, pp. 291-300.

[9]   G. Crin, “Recent Developments in Polysaccharide-Based Materials Used as Adsorbents in Wastewater Treatment,” Progress in Polymer Science, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2005, pp. 38-70.

[10]   T. V. N. Padmesh, K. Vijayaraghavan, G. Sekaran and M. Velan, “Biosorption of Acid Blue 15 Using Fresh Water Macroalga Azolla filiculoides: Batch and Column Studies,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 71, No. 2, 2006, pp. 77-82.

[11]   M. Kousha, E. Daneshvar, M. S. Sohrabi, M. Jokar and A. Bhatnagar, “Adsorption of Acid Orange II Dye by Raw and Chemically Modified Brown Macroalga Stoechospermum marginatum,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 192, 2012, pp. 67-76.

[12]   M. Kousha, E. Daneshvar, M. S. Sohrabi, N. Koutahzadeh and A. R. Khataee, “Optimization of C.I. Acid Black 1 Biosorption by Cystoseira indica and Gracilaria persica Biomasses from Aqueous Solutions,” Interntaionl Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, Vol. 67, 2012, pp. 56-63.

[13]   V. K. Garg, M. Amita, R. Kumar and R. Gupta, “Basic Dye (Methylene Blue) Removal from Simulated Wastewater by Adsorption Using Indian Rosewood Sawdust: A Timber Industry Waste,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 63, No. 3, 2004, pp. 243-250.

[14]   C. H. Weng, Y. T. Lin and T. W. Tzeng, “Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption onto Pineapple Leaf Powder,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 170, No. 1, 2009, pp. 417-424.

[15]   H. Ali and S. K. Muhammad, “Biosorption of Crystal Violet from Water on Leaf Biomass of Calotropis procera,” Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2008, pp. 143-150.

[16]   R. Ahmad, “Studies on Adsorption of Crystal Violet Dye from Aqueous Solution onto Coniferous Pinus Bark Powder (CPBP),” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 171, No. 1-3, 2009, pp. 767-773.

[17]   G. O. El-Sayed, “Removal of Methylene Blue and Crystal Violet from Aqueous Solutions by Palm Kernel Fiber,” Desalination, Vol. 272, No. 1-3, 2011, pp. 225-232.

[18]   H. Chen, J. Zhao and G. Dai, “Silkworm Exuviae—A New Non-Conventional and Low-Cost Adsorbent for Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solutions,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 186, No. 2-3, 2011, pp. 1320-1327.

[19]   F. Veglio and F. Beolchini, “Removal of Metals by Biosorption: A Review,” Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 44, No. 3, 1997, pp. 301-316.

[20]   B. Volesky, “Detoxification of Metal Bearing Effluents: Biosorption for the Next Century,” Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 59, No. 2-3, 2001, pp. 203-216.

[21]   M. Z.-C. Hu and M. Reeves, “Biosorption of Uranium by Pseudomonas aeruginosa Strain CSU Immobilized in a Novel Matrix,” Biotechnology Progress, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1997, pp. 60-70.

[22]   L. Singh, R. P. Asalapuram, L. Ramnath and K. R. Gunaratna, “Effective Removal of Cu2+ Ions from Aqueous Medium Using Alginate as Biosorbent,” Ecological Engineering, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2011, pp. 119-124.

[23]   M. Sarkar and P. Majumdar, “Application of Response Surface Methodology for Optimization of Heavy Metal Biosorption Using Surfactant Modified Chitosan Bea,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 175, 2011, pp. 376-387.

[24]   S. Benamer, M. Mahlous, D. Tahtat, A. Nacer-Khodja, M. Arabi, H. Lounici and N. Mameri, “Radiation Synthesis of Chitosan Beads Grafted with Acrylic Acid for Metal Ions Sorption,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 80, No. 12, 2011, pp. 1391-1397.

[25]   Y. Zhang, D. Kogelnig, C. Morgenbesser, A. Stojanovic, F. Jirsa, L.-I. Schultze, R. Krachler, Y. Li, K. Bernhard and B. K. Keppler, “Preparation and Characterization of Immobilized [A336][MTBA] in PVA-Alginate Gel Beads as Novel Solid-Phase Extractants for an Efficient Recovery of Hg (II) from Aqueous Solutions,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 196, 2011, pp. 201-209.

[26]   R. Kumar, D. Bhatia, R. Singh, S. Rani and N. R. Bishnoi, “Sorption of Heavy Metals from Electroplating Effluent Using Immobilized Biomass Trichoderma viride in a Continuous Packed-Bed Column,” International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, Vol. 65, No. 8, 2011, pp. 1133-1139.

[27]   P. Xiangliang, W. Jianlong and Z. Daoyong, “Biosorption of Pb(II) by Pleurotus ostreatus Immobilized in Calcium Alginate Gel,” Process Biochemistry, Vol. 40, No. 8, 2005, pp. 2799-2803.

[28]   F. Beolchini, F. Pagnanelli, L. Toro and F. Vegliò, “Biosorption of Copper by Sphaerotilus natans Immobilised in Polysulfone Matrix: Equilibrium and Kinetic Analysis,” Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 70, No. 1-3, 2003, pp. 101-112.

[29]   K. S. Low, C. K. Lee and K. K. Tan, “Biosorption of Basic Dyes by Water Hyacinth Roots,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 52, No. 1, 1995, pp. 79-83.

[30]   I. A. H. Schneider, J. Rubio, M. Misra and R. W. Smith, “Eichhornia crassipes as Biosorbent for Heavy Metal Ion,” Mineral Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 9, 1995, pp. 979-988.

[31]   M. E. Soltan and M. N. Rashed, “Laboratory Study on the Survival of Water Hyacinth under Several Conditions of Heavy Metal Concentration,” Advances in Environmental Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2003, pp. 321-334.

[32]   C. Mahamadi and T. Nharingo, “Competitive Adsorption of Pb2+, Cd2+, and Zn2+ Ions onto Eichhornia crassipes in Binary and Ternary System,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 101, No. 3, 2010, pp. 859-864.

[33]   C. Mahamadi and T. Nharingo, “Modeling Kinetic and Equilibrium Properties of Cadmium Biosorption by River Green Alga and Hyacinth Weed,” Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 89, No. 2, 2007, pp. 297-305.

[34]   C. Mahamadi and P. Zambara, “High Cu Removal from Water Using Water Hyacinth Fixed on Alginate,” Environmental Chemistry Letters.

[35]   M. Ibrahim, O. Kühn and T. Scheytt, “Molecular Spectroscopic Study of Water Hyacinth Dry Matter,” Open Chemical Physics Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2009, pp. 1-6.

[36]   B. H. Hameed, D. K. Mahmoud and A. L. Ahmad, “Sorption Equilibrium and Kinetics of Basic Dye from Aqueous Solution Using Banana Stalk Waste,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 158, No. 2-3, 2008, pp. 499-506.