AE  Vol.1 No.2 , October 2013
Nocturnal man biting habits of mosquito species in Serian, Sarawak, Malaysia
ABSTRACT
 Knowledge of the composition and biting habits of mosquito associated with endemic areas is important in establishing sound vector control programmes and understanding the epidemiology of vector borne diseases. The biting activity cycle of several mosquito species in Serian, Sarawak was observed and described. Collections were carried out indoors and outdoors for 12 hours from 6.00 pm to 6.00 am using human landing catch techniques. A total of 7271 mosquitoes comprising 27 species belonging to sixgenera were collected. Mansonia bonneae (23.6%) was the predominant species caught in the study areas followed by Culex vishnui (22.3%), Culex pseudovishnui (19.6%) and Culex tritaenorhynchus (13.7%). A high rate of human biting activity by Ma. bonneae was detected during November but the activity was low during January.The biting activity of Ma.bonneae was found higher outdoor compared to indoorand peaked at 7.00 pm-8.00 pm.Cx.vishnui also exhibited similar biting activity peak while Anopheles letiferex-hibited biting activity peaked at 12.00 am-1.00 am.Cx.pseudovishnui showed biting patterns which were almost similar between indoor and outdoor activity and could be considered active throughout the 12 hour period.


Cite this paper
Rohani, A. , Zamree, I. , Wan Mohamad Ali, W. , Abdul Hadi, A. , Asmad, M. , Lubim, D. , Mohamed Nor, Z. and Han Lim, L. (2013) Nocturnal man biting habits of mosquito species in Serian, Sarawak, Malaysia. Advances in Entomology, 1, 42-49. doi: 10.4236/ae.2013.12009.
References
[1]   Russell, P.F., West, L.S., Manwell, R.D. and Macdonald, G. (1963) Practical malariology. 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, London, 750p.

[2]   Reid, J.A. (1968) Anopheline mosquitoes in Malayi and Borneo. Institute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur, 520p.

[3]   World Health Organization (WHO) (1975) Manual on practical entomology in malaria. The WHO Division of Malaria and Other Parasitic Disease, Part II, Geneva, 191p.

[4]   Chang, M.S., Hii, J., Buttner, P. and Mansoor, F. (1997) Changes in abundance and behavior of vector mosquitoes induced by land use during development of oil plantation in Sarawak. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 91, 382-386.

[5]   De Las Llagas, L. (1985) Impact of ecological changes on Anopheles vectors of malaria in some countries in Southeast Asia. Southeast Asian Journal Tropical Medicine Public Health, 16, 46-48.

[6]   Martin, V., Chevalier, V., Ceccato, P., Anyamba, A., De Simone, L., Lubroth, J., De La Rocque, R. and Domenech, J. (2008) The impact of climate change on the epidemiology and control of Rift Valley fever. Review Science Technology, 27, 413-426.

[7]   Fitzherbert, E.B., Struebig, M. J., Morel, A., Danielsen, F., Bruhl, C.A., Donald, P.F. and Phalan, B. (2008) How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 23, 538-545.

[8]   Sodhi, N.S., Posa, M.R.C., Lee, T.M., Bickford, D., Koh, L.P. and Brook, B.W. (2010) The state and conservation of Southeast Asian biodiversity. Biodiversity Conservation, 19, 317-328.

[9]   Patz, J.A., Graczyk, T.K., Geller, N. and Vittor, A.Y. (2000) Effects of environmental change on emerging parasitic diseases. International Journal for Parasitology, 30, 1395-1405.

[10]   Vanwambeke, S.O., Lambin, E.F., Eichhorn, M.P., Flasse, S.P., Harbach, R.E., Oskam, L., Somboon, P., Vvan Beers, S., van Benthem, B.H.B., Walton, C. and Butlin, R.K. (2007) Impact of land-use change on dengue and malaria in Northern Thailand. EcoHealth, 4, 37-51.

[11]   Turell, M.J., Sardelis, M.R., Jones, J.W., Watt, D.M., Fernandez, R., Carbajal, F., Pecor, J.E. and Klein, T.A. (2008) Seasonal distribution, biology, and human attraction patterns of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in a rural village and adjacent forested site near Iquitos, Peru. Journal Medical Entomology, 45, 1165-1172.

[12]   Russel, T.L., Govella, N. J., Azizi, S., Drakeley, C.J., Kachur, S.P. and Killeen G.F. (2011) Increased proportions of outdoor feeding among residual malaria vector populations following increased use of insecticide-treated nets in rural Tanzania. Malaria Journal, 10, 80.

[13]   Reddy, M.R., Overgaard, H.J., Abaga, S., Reddy, V.P., Caccone, V., Kiszewski, A.E. and Slotman, M. (2011). Outdoor host seeking behaviour of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes following initiation of malaria vector control on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. Malaria Journal, 10, 184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-184

[14]   Rubis, P., Chang, M.S., Nagum, A.J. and Jau, J.L. (1981) Parasitological and entomological studies on filariasis in seven villages, Serian District, Sarawak, East Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal Tropical Medicine Public Health, 12, 30-35.

[15]   Macdonald, W.W., Smith, C.E.G. and Webb, H.E. (1965) Arbovirus infections in Sarawak: Observations on the mosquitoes. Journal Medical Entomology, 1, 335-347.

[16]   Chang, M.S., Chan, K.L. and Ho, B.C. (1993) Control of Mansonia mosquitos, vectors of brugian filariasis in Sarawak, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 24, 93-104.

[17]   Apiwathnasorn, C., Samung, Y., Prummongkol, S., Asavanich, A., Komalamisra, N. and McCall, P. (2006) Bionomics studies of Mansonia mosquitoes inhibating the peat swamp forest. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 37, 272-278.

[18]   Cheah, W.L., Chang, M.S. and Wang, Y.C. (2006) Spatial, environmental and entomological risk factors analysis on a rural dengue outbreak in Lundu District in Sarawak, Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine, 23, 85-96.

 
 
Top