This work presents the results of biochemical examination of people exposed to irradiation as a result of the Chernobyl catastrophe. In remote period ( in 4, 5, 6 and 7 years) after Chernobyl accident we studied the state of the redox system of glutathione(GSH, GSSG) and the response of the system of essential lipid antioxidants (vitamin E, A) in blood plasma of people of various ages. An analysis of correlations between cytogenetic indices in lymphocytes and levels of reduced glutathione and liposoluble antioxidants in the plasma of peripheral blood in children born after the Chernobyl accident and liquidators is presented. The cumulative doses for the examined group of children received by their mothers from 0.8 to 70 cSv and liquidators received, on average, the highest irradiation doses from 0.1 to 150 cSv. A complex relationship between lipo-and water-soluble antioxidants level in plasma in human population (children living in radionuclide-contaminated regions and the Chernobyl liquidators) exposed to chronic low-level radiation after the Chernobyl accident was demonstrated. The obtained experimental data indicate different responses of the human population water-and fat-soluble antioxidants system to low (from 0.1 to 20 cSv) and high (from 20 to 150 cSv) doses of ionizing radiation.
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