Back
 NJGC  Vol.3 No.4 , October 2013
The Characterization and Study of Physical Parameters of Ge Modified Se-Sn-Pb Chalcogenide System
Abstract: In the present paper, we have studied the effect of Ge addition on the physical properties of Se-Sn-Pb chalcogenide ma- terial. The necessary physical parameters which have important role in determining the structure and strength of the material viz. constraints, coordination number etc. have been calculated. The increasing trend has been found in cohesive energy, heat of atomization and mean bond energy. The glass transition has been studied using the Tichy-Ticha and Lankhorst approaches, which also increases with the increasing Ge contents. The increase in these physical parameters is due to the increasing covalent character in the material.
Cite this paper: P. Kumar, V. Modgil and V. S. Rangra, "The Characterization and Study of Physical Parameters of Ge Modified Se-Sn-Pb Chalcogenide System," New Journal of Glass and Ceramics, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 116-121. doi: 10.4236/njgc.2013.34019.
References

[1]   S. R. Ovshinsky, “Reversible Electrical Switching Phenomena in Disordered Structures,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 21, No. 20, 1968, pp. 1450-1453. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.21.1450

[2]   S. Ovshinsky, “Amorphous Materials—The Key to New Devices,” IEEE Proceedings of Circuits and Systems, Vol. 1, 1998, p. 33.

[3]   J. Feinleib, J. de Neufville, S. C. Moss and S. R. Ovshinsky, “Rapid Reversible Light-Induced Crystallization of Amorphous Semiconductors,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 18, No. 6, 1971, pp. 254-257. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1653653

[4]   A. B. Seddon, “Chalcogenide Glasses: A Review of Their Preparation, Properties and Applications,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 184, 1995, pp. 44-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(94)00686-5

[5]   B. Vaidhyanathan, S. Murugavel, S. Asokan and K. J. Rao, “Origin of Carrier-Type Reversal in Pb-Ge-Se Glasses: A Detailed Thermal, Electrical, and Structural Study,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 101, No. 47, 1997, pp. 9717-9726. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp972129+

[6]   S. Murugavel and S. Asokan, “Carrier-Type Reversal in Pb-Modified Chalcogenide Glasses,” Physical Review B, Vol. 58, No. 8, 1998, pp. 4449-4453. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.58.4449

[7]   R. Ganesan, B. Thangaraju, K. S. Sangunni and E. S. R. Gopal, “Carrier Type Reversal in PbxGe42-xSe58 and Pb20GeySe80-y Glasses Exhibited in Thermal Diffusivity Measurements,” Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2001, pp. 467-472.

[8]   S. Jayakumar, P. Predeep and C. Harikuttan Unnithan, “Topology of Chemical Ordering in Sb-S-Ge System,” Physica Scripta, Vol. 66, No. 2, 2002, pp. 180-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1238/Physica.Regular.066a00180

[9]   N. F. Mott and E. A. Davis, “Electronic Processes in Non-Crystalline Materials,” Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1979.

[10]   G. G. Naumis, “Contribution of Floppy Modes to the Heat Capacity Jump and Fragility in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Physical Review B, Vol. 61, No. 14, 2000, pp. R9205-R9208.

[11]   M. F. Thorpe, “Continuous Deformations in Random Networks,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 57, 1983, pp. 355-370. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(83)90424-6

[12]   V. Modgil and V. S. Rangra, “The Study of the Theoretical Parameters of Ge Sn Substituted Pb Based Quaternary Chalcogenide Glasses at Their Rigidity Percolation Thres- hold,” Journal of Optoelectronic and Advanced Materials, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2011, pp. 158-164.

[13]   P. Boolchand, D. G. Georgiev and B. Goodman, “Discovery of the Intermediate Phase in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2001, pp. 703-720.

[14]   P. K. Gupta and J. C. Mauro, “Composition Dependence of Glass Transition Temperature and Fragility. l. A Topological Model Incorporating Temperature-Dependent Constraints,” The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 130, No. 9, 2009, Article ID: 094503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3077168

[15]   A. George, D. Sushamma and P. Predeep, “Effect of Indium Content on the Optical and Other Physical Characterstics of As-Te Glass System,” Chalcogenide Letters, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2006, pp. 33-39.

[16]   Z. H. Liang, “Chemical Bond Approach to the Chalcogenide Glass Forming Tendency,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 127, No. 6, 1991, pp. 298-305. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-3093(91)90482-L

[17]   L. Tichy and H. Ticha, “On the Chemical Threshold in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Materials Letters, Vol. 21, No. 3-4, 1994, pp. 313-319. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-577X(94)90196-1

[18]   L. Tichy and H. Ticha, “Covalent Bond Approach to the Glass-Transition Temperature of Chalcogenide Glasses,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 189, No. 1-2, 1995, pp. 141-146.

[19]   S. R Elliot, “Physics of Amorphous Solids,” Longman Inc., New York, 1984.

[20]   L. Pauling, “The Nature of the Chemical Bond,” Cornell University Press, New York, 1960.

[21]   A. K. Pattanaik and A. Srinivasan, “Electrical and Optical Studies on Pb-Modified Amorphous Ge-Se-Te Films,” Semiconductor Science and Technology, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2004, p. 157.

[22]   I. Haruvi-Busnach, “Chalcogenide Glasses Ge-Sn-Se, Ge-Se-Te, and Ge-Sn-Se-Te for Infrared Optical Fibers,” Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 5, No. 6, 1990, pp. 1215-1223.

[23]   S. A. Fayek and S. S. Fouad, “Topological Consideration of Thallium on Glassy Arsenous Selenide,” Vacuum, Vol. 52, No. 3, 1998, pp. 359-363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0042-207X(98)00322-4

[24]   A. Dahshan and K. A. Aly, “Characterization of New Quaternary Chalcogenide As-Ge-Se-Sb Thin Films,” Philosophical Magazine, Vol. 88, No. 3, 2008, pp. 361-372.

[25]   H. Ellis, “Nuffield Advanced Science Book of Data,” Longman, London, 1972.

[26]   A. M. James and M. P. Lord, “Macmillan’s Chemical and Physical Data,” Macmillan, London, 1992.

[27]   J. D. Cox, D. D. Wagman and V. A. Medvedev, “CO- DATA Key Values for Thermodynamics,” Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, 1989.

[28]   M. F. Thorpe and L. Tichy, “Properties and Applications of Amorphous Materials,” Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, 2001.

[29]   M. H. R. Lankhorst, “Modelling Glass Transition Temperatures of Chalcogenide Glasses. Applied to Phase-Change Optical Recording Materials,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 297, No. 2-3, 2002, pp. 210-219.

 
 
Top