The seismic method is able to produce highly accurate
images of the Earth's subsurface. Having such detail is not only an important
factor in mining, but also in civil engineering. Bauxite exploration attracts
both government and industrialists to invest in it because of the high
percentage of aluminum present. The economic importance of extracting aluminum
from bauxite encouraged us to take this challenge; to image bauxite layers by
using a high-resolution seismic reflection method at Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia.
Since the subsurface structure of the area is complex, this high-resolution
reflection method was carried out along a 2D line with geophone and source
interval, with settings at 5m. The result for the seismic section shows
that the depth and thickness of the bauxite layer varied from 20
to 34m, and 3 to 7m respectively. In addition, the bauxite layer
was sandwiched between clay layers. In order to achieve an even more precise
depth than presented by seismic section alone, we tied the drilled wells to the
seismic data and we accomplished a well match with an approximation error of 1-2m, which
may have been caused by the upper clay layer or by very shallow loose subsurface
material. The seismic method thus applied shows the ability to detect
significant details within the near surface of the earth, and considers more
cost-effective than only drilled wells.
Cite this paper
A. Qadrouh, A. Alanezi, I. Hafiz, K. Munir and M. Alyousif, "Performing High Resolution Seismic Reflection for Mapping Bauxite Layers," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 13-16. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32B003.
 B. Benjumea, J. A. Hunter, R. L. Good, R. A. Burns and M. Ross, “Application of High-Resolution Seis-mic-Reflection Techniques in Champlain Sea sediments near Lachute-Saint-Benoit,” Quebec, Natural Resources Canada, 2001, doi:10.4095/212156
 B. K. Bi, “The Application of the Electric Method to Bauxite Exploration: Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration,” Vol. 33, 2009, pp. 400-402.
 C. R. Clement, T. L. Pratt, M. L. Holmes and B. L. Sherrod, “High-Resolution Seismic Reflection Imaging of Growth Folding and Shallow Faults beneath the Southern Puget Lowland, Washington State,” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 100, 2010, pp. 1710-1723. doi:10.1785/0120080306
 J. Cocker, M. Urosevic and B. Evans, “A High Resolution Seismic Survey to Assist in Mine Planning,” Proceeding of Fourth Decennial International Conference on Mineral Exploration, edited by A. G. Gubins, 1997, pp. 473 - 476.
 P. E. Geissler, “Seismic Reflection Profiling for GroundWater Studies in Victoria,” Australia Geophysics, Vol. 54, 1989, pp. 31 - 37.
 S. Greenhalgh, M. Suprajitno and D. King, “Shallow Seismic Reflection Investigations of Coal in the Sydney Basin,” Geophysics, Vol. 51, 1986, pp. 1426-1437.
 H. Henson, J. Sexton and J. Jobling, “High‐Resolution Seismic Reflection Study of Shallow Coal Seams Near Harco, Illinois,” SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 1989, pp. 372-374.
 P. Jongerius and K. Helbig, “Onshore High-resolution Seismic Profiling Applied to Sedimentology, Geophysics,” Vol. 53, 1998, pp. 1276-1283.
 C. Klein and C. S. Hurlbut, “Manual of Mineralogy,” John Wiley and Sons Publishers, Canada, 1993.
 R. Knapp and A. Ertan Muftuoglu, “Detection of Coals 30 cm Thick at Depths of 50 and 60 m by Seismic Reflection Profiling,” SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 1987, pp. 227-228.
 N. Neishtadt, L. Eppelbaum and A. Levitski, “Application of Seismo-Electric Phenomena in Exploration Geophysics: Review of Russian and Israeli Experience,” Geophysics, Vol. 71, 2006, pp. 41-53. doi:10.1190/1.2187714
 D. Palmer, “High Resolution Seismic Reflection Surveys for Coal,” Geoexploration, Vol. 24, 1987, pp. 397-408. doi:10.1016/0016-7142(87)90009-3
 T. C. H. Philip, M. C. Ron and R. Kumar, “High-Resolution Seismic Reflection Imaging of a Thin, Diamondiferous Kimberlite Dyke,” Geophysics, Vol. 69, 2004, pp. 1143-1154. doi:10.1190/1.1801932
 P. Tsourlos, G. Tsokas and A. Yiamas, “Derecting Bauxitic Lenses in Galleries Using Geophysicsal Techniques: Proceeding of the Conference of the Committee of Economic Geology, Mineralogy, Geochemistry of the Greek geological Society,” Thessaloniki, 2005, pp. 367-376.