OJMP  Vol.2 No.4 B , October 2013
Parental Involvement in Child’s Development: Father vs. Mother
ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate on Malaysian young adults’ perceived father and mother involvement. A questionnaire survey with Father Involvement Scale, and Mother Involvement Scale was carried out on 100 male and 100 female local university and college student aged 18 and 25 years old. The findings show that mothers engaged more in expressive and mentoring/advising involvement as compared to fathers. However, there is no difference between fathers and mothers in instrumental involvement. This study gives us a better understanding on the pattern of parental involvement in Malaysia and hence helps to promote better parent-child relationship.


Cite this paper
Y. Si Han and W. Pei Jun, "Parental Involvement in Child’s Development: Father vs. Mother," Open Journal of Medical Psychology, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2013, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.4236/ojmp.2013.24B001.
References
[1]   L. Craig, “Does Father Care Mean Fathers Share? A Comparison of How Mothers and Fathers in Intact Families Spend Time with Children,” Gender and Society, Vol. 20, 2006, pp. 259-281. doi:10.1177/0891243205285212

[2]   T. Parsons, & R. F. Bales, “Family, Socialization, and Interaction Process,” Glencoe, IL: Free Press, 1995.

[3]   K. Singh, P. G. Bickley, P. Trivette, T. Z. Keith, P. B. Keith and E. Anderson, “The Effects of Four Components of Parental Involvement on Eighth-grade Student Achievement: Structural Analysis of NELS-88 Data,” School Psychol-ogy Review, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1995, pp. 299-317.

[4]   M. E. Lamb, J. H. Pleck, E. L. Charnov, & J. A. Levine, “A Biosocial perspective on Paternal Behavior and Involvement. In J. Lancaster, J. Altmann, A. Rossi, & L. Sherrod (Eds.),” Parenting across the lifespan: Biosocial dimensions, New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1987, pp. 111-142.

[5]   Y. Mo and K. Singh, “Parents’ Relationship and Involvement: Effects on Students’ School Engagement and Performance,” Research in Middle Level Education Online, Vol. 31, No. 10, 2008, pp. 1-11.

[6]   T. Parsons, “The Social System,” Glencoe, IL: The Free Press, 1951.

[7]   G. E. Finley and S. J. Schwartz, “The Father Involvement and Nurturant Fathering Scales: Retrospective Measures for Adolescent and Adult Children,” Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 64, 2004, pp. 143-164. doi:10.1177/0013164403258453

[8]   G. E. Finley, S. D. Mira and S. J. Schwartz, “Perceived Paternal and Maternal Involvement: Factor Structures,” Mean Differences, and Parental Roles. Fathering, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2008, pp. 62-82.doi:10.3149/fth.0601.62

[9]   L. Thompson and A. J. Walker, “Gender in Families: Women and Men in Marriage, Work, and Parenthood. In A. Booth (Ed.),” Contemporary families: Looking forward, looking back, Minneapolis, MN: National Council on Family Relations, 1991, pp. 76-102.

[10]   J. Kellerman and E. R. Katz, “Attitudes towards the Division of Child-rearing Responsibility,” Sex Roles, Vol. 4, 1978, pp. 505-513.doi:10.1007/BF00287195

[11]   N. Noor, “Roles and Women's Well-being: Some Preliminary Findings from Malaysia,” Sex Roles, Vol. 41, 1999, pp. 123-145. doi:10.1023/A:1018846010541

[12]   W. Yeung, J. Sandberg, P. Davis-Kean and S. Hofferth, “Children's time with Fathers in Intact Families,” Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 63, 2001, pp. 136-154. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00136.x

[13]   J. Z. Giele and E. Holst, “New Life Patterns and Changing Gender Roles,” Advances in Life Course Research, Vol. 8, 2004, pp.3-22. doi:10.1016/S1040-2608(03)08001-8

[14]   M. E. Lamb, J. H. Pleck, E. L. Charnov and J. A. Levine, “Paternal Behavior in Humans,” American Zoologist, Vol. 25, 1985, pp. 883-894.

[15]   W. Marsiglio, P. Amato, R. D. Day and M. E. Lamb, “Scholarship on Fatherhood in the 1990s and beyond,” Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 62, 2000, pp. 1173-1191.doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.01173.x

[16]   A. B. Andrews, I. Luckey, E. Bolden, J. Whiting-Fickling and K. A. Lind, “Public Perceptions about Father Involvement: Results of a State Wide Household Survey,” Journal of Family Issues, Vol. 25, 2004, pp. 603-633. doi:10.1177/0192513X03258303

[17]   G. E. Finley and S. J. Schwartz, “Parsons and Bales revisited: Young Adult Children's Characterization of the Fathering Role,” Psychology of Men and Masculinity, Vol. 7, 2006, pp. 42-55.doi:10.1037/1524-9220.7.1.42

[18]   S. Hofferth, “Race/ethnicity Differences in Father Involvement in Two-parent Families: Culture, Context, or Economy?” Journal of Family Studies, Vol. 24, 2003, pp. 185-196.

[19]   D. W. Shwalb, H. Kawai, S. Shoji and K. Tsunetsugu, “The Middle Class Japanese Father: A Survey of Parents of Preschoolers,” Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Vol. 18, 1997, pp. 497-511. doi:10.1016/S0193-3973(97)90024-1

[20]   J. F. Toth, Jr. and X. Xu, “Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Fathers' Involvement: A Racial/ethnic Comparison of African American, Hispanic, and White fathers,” Youth and Society, Vol. 31, 1999, pp. 76-99. doi:10.1177/0044118X99031001004

[21]   Z. Hossain and M. C. Anziano, “Mothers' and fathers' Involvement with School-age Children's Care and Academic Activities in Navajo Indian Families,” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2008, pp. 109-117.

[22]   U. W. Ebner-Priemer, J. Kuo, S. S. Welch, T. Thielgen, S. Witte, M. Bohus and M. M. Linehan, “A Valence-dependent Group-specific Recall bias of Retro-spective Self-reports: A Study of Borderline Personality Disorder in Everyday Life,” The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 194, 2006, pp. 774-779. doi:10.1097/01.nmd.0000239900.46595.72

 
 
Top