SNL  Vol.3 No.4 , October 2013
Dependence of Laser Ablation Produced Gold Nanoparticles Characteristics on the Fluence of Laser Pulse
ABSTRACT
Effect of laser fluence on the characteristics of gold nanoparticles (NPs) produced by laser ablation method is investigated experimentally. Five samples of gold NPs were synthesized by nanosecond pulsed laser ablation of a high purity gold plate in distilled water at five different fluences in the range of 1-3 J/cm2. Results show that in this experimental condition gold NPs are produced by nucleation of Au atoms in the plasma, generated on the target surface during the ablation process. There is threshold fluence at which absorption of laser energy by water rises significantly. Absorption of the laser energy by water leads to increase oxygen atoms in the ablation medium and formation of gold oxide NPs. By increasing the laser fluence below the threshold, size of produced NPs decreases while by increasing the laser fluence above the threshold size of produced NPs increases.

Cite this paper
N. Mirghassemzadeh, M. Ghamkhari and D. Dorranian, "Dependence of Laser Ablation Produced Gold Nanoparticles Characteristics on the Fluence of Laser Pulse," Soft Nanoscience Letters, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 101-106. doi: 10.4236/snl.2013.34018.
References
[1]   K. Sugioka and M. Meunier, “Laser Precision Micro-fabrication,” 2nd Edition, Cambridge Press, London 2002.

[2]   J. Perriere and E. Millon, “Recent Advances in Laser Processing of Materials,” 1st Edition, Elsevier, 2006.

[3]   A. Dutt Singh, IJAEST, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2011, pp. 54-57.

[4]   D. Dorranian, E. Solati and L. Dejam, “Photoluminescence of ZnO Nanoparticles Generated by Laser Ablation in Deionized Water,” Applied Physics A, Vol. 109, No. 2, 2012, pp. 307-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00339-012-7073-5

[5]   E. Solati, M. Mashayekh and D. Dorranian, “Effects of Laser Pulse Wavelength and Laser Fluence on the Characteristics of Silver Nanoparticle Generated by Laser Ablation,” Applied Physics A, Vol. 112, No. 3, 2013, pp. 689-694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00339-013-7812-2

[6]   D. Dorranian, S. Tajmir and F. Khazanehfar, Accepted to publish in Soft Nano Letters.

[7]   I. Anghela, F. Jipaa, A. Andreia, S. Simiona, R. Dabua, A. Rizeab and M. Zamfirescua, “Femtosecond Laser Ablation of TiO2 Films for Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystals,” Optics & Laser Technology, Vol. 52, 2013, pp. 65-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optlastec.2013.04.020

[8]   J. P. B. Silva, K. C. Sekhar, A. Almeida, J. Agostinho Moreira, M. Pereira and M. J. M. Gomes, “Influence of Laser Repetition Rate on Ferroelectric Properties of Pulsed Laser Deposited BaTiO3 Films on Platinized Silicon Substrate,” Applied Physics A, 2013.

[9]   M. Rashidian and D. Dorranian, “Effect of Concentration on the Plasmonic Absorption and Optical Nonlinearity of Gold Nanoparticles,” Optical Engineering, Vol. 51, No. 8, 2012, Article ID: 089001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.51.8.089001

[10]   V. Amendola, S. Polizzi and M. Meneghetti, “Laser Ablation Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, No. 14, 2006, pp. 7232-7237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0605092

[11]   I. D. Mayergoyz, D. R. Fredkin and Z. Zhang, “Electrostatic (Plasmon) Resonances in Nanoparticles,” Physical Review B, Vol. 72, No. 15, 2005, Article ID: 155412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.72.155412

[12]   P. Chandra, D. Das and A. A. Abdel Wahab, Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2010, pp. 363-367.

[13]   M. Wang and M. Thanou, “Targeting Nanoparticles to Cancer,” Pharmacological Research, Vol. 62, No. 2, 2010, pp. 90-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2010.03.005

[14]   J. L. Li, L. Wang, X. Y. Liu, Z. P. Zhang, H. Ch. Guo, W. M. Liu and S. H. Tang, “In Vitro Cancer Cell Imaging and Therapy Using Transferrin-Conjugated Gold Nano-particles,” Cancer Letters, Vol. 274, No. 2, 2009, pp. 319-326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2008.09.024

[15]   P. Ghosh, G. Han, M. De, Ch. K. Kim and V. M. Rotello, “Gold Nanoparticles in Delivery Applications,” Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Vol. 60, No. 11, 2008, pp. 1307-1315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addr.2008.03.016

 
 
Top