AJIBM  Vol.3 No.6 , October 2013
The Reaserch on Characteristics of Knowledge Workers and Their Motivating Factors: A Review and Comparison Study
ABSTRACT
The current study surveyed major studies on the characteristics of motivating factors for knowledge workers, both in the USA and in China. Comparisons were made between studies in the two countries, and new perspectives were offered on the motivating factors for knowledge workers. Future research directions were proposed.

Cite this paper
H. Zhan, T. Tang and Y. Zhang, "The Reaserch on Characteristics of Knowledge Workers and Their Motivating Factors: A Review and Comparison Study," American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, Vol. 3 No. 6, 2013, pp. 557-564. doi: 10.4236/ajibm.2013.36064.
References
[1]   P. F. Drucker, “Management Challenges for the 21st Century,” China Machine Press, Beijing, 2006.

[2]   P. F. Drucker, “Knowledge-Worker Productivity: The Biggest Challenge,” California Management Review, Vol. 41, No. 2, 1999, pp. 79-94.

[3]   A. Kidd, “The Marks Are on the Knowledge Worker,” Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Vol. 4, 1994, pp. 186-191.

[4]   E. E. Vogt, “The Nature of Work in 2010: Knowledge Work,” Telecommunications-International, Vol. 2, 1995, pp. 186-191.

[5]   R. Dove, “Knowledge Management, Response Ability, and the Agile Enterprise,” Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1999, pp. 18-35.

[6]   D. J. Cooper, J. H. Kagel, W. Lo and Q. L. Gu, “Gaming against Managers in Incentive Systems: Experimental Results with Chinese Students and Chinese Managers,” The American Economic Review, Vol. 89, No. 4, 1999, pp. 781-804. http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/aer.89.4.781

[7]   I. Harpaz, “The Transformation of Work Values in Israel,” Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 122, No. 5, 1999, pp. 46-50.

[8]   J. H. Kagel, R. M. Harstad and D. Levin, “Information Impact and Allocation Rules in Auctions with Affiliated Private Values: A Laboratory Study,” Econometrical, Vol. 55, No. 6, 1987, pp. 1275-1304.

[9]   P. K. Zingheim and J. R. Schuster, “Winning the Talent Game: Total Rewards and the Better Workforce Deal,” Compensation and Benefits Management, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2001, pp. 33-39.

[10]   T. H. Davenport and L. Prusak, “Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What They Know,” Harvard Business School Press, Boston, 2000.

[11]   P. F. Drucker, “The Age of Social Transformation,” The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 274, No. 5, 1994, pp. 53-58.

[12]   J. Yang, L. L. Fang and W. Q. Ling, “Find the Real Meaning of Knowledge Workers,” Chinese Talents Magazine, No. 8, 2002, pp. 30-31.

[13]   J. Li, Z. R. Chen and G. H. Deng, “Knowledge Workers Management Present Situation Analysis and Countermeasures Thinking in Anhui Province,” East China Economic Management, No. 6, 2002, pp. 13-14.

[14]   J. W. Sun, “Knowledge Workers and Knowledge Work Improvement,” Fudan Journal (Social Sciences Edition) No. 3, 1998, pp. 30-32.

[15]   J. Davies, R. Studer, Y. Sure and P. W. Warren, “Next Generation Knowledge Management,” Technology Journal, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2005, pp. 175-190.

[16]   W. Y. Xu and Y. D. Zhu, “Review on Knowledge Worker Research,” Modern Business, No. 8, 2009, pp. 99-100.

[17]   W. Z. Cai, “The Model Research of Enterprise Knowledge Workers Four Levels Motivation System,” Productivity Research, No. 8, 2006, pp. 240-242.

[18]   C. L. Zhou, X. X. Wen and X. M. Zhang, “An Empirical Analysis on Motivation Factors with Knowledge Workers,” Market Modernization, No. 3, 2006, pp. 241-242.

[19]   L. Jiang, “The Characteristic and Management of Knowledge Workers,” Economic Theory and Business Management, Vol. 10, No., 2002, pp. 58-62.

[20]   J. F. Peng, “The 10 Characteristics of HRM in 21st Century,” Chinese Talents Magazine, No. 11, 2000, pp. 12-15.

[21]   Z. C. Ye. “The management of Knowledge Workers,” Journal of Chongqing University (Social Sciences Edition), Vol. 1, No., 2002, pp. 125-126.

[22]   M. W. Zhang, “The Soft Management Based on the Characteristics of Knowledge Workers Forward Position No. 9, 2004, pp. 150-153.

[23]   X. Y. Cao, “Mode Research on New HRM in Knowledge-based Enterprise,” Science of Science and Management of S & T, No. 4, 2002, pp. 37-39.

[24]   T. Q. Zhang and R. G. Ding, “Psychological Contracts for Dynamic Knowledge-based Teamwork,” Journal of Dezhou University, No. 3, 2001, pp. 15-19.

[25]   H. F. Sun, “Feature of Knowledge Employee and the Corresponding Motivation Principle,” Journal of Hefei University of Technology (Social Sciences), Vol. 4, 2004, pp. 70-73.

[26]   B. Yu, “Knowledge Workers Performance Appraisal Methods Research,” China Economist, No. 5, 2006, p. 145.

[27]   T. Li, “Analysis the Challenges and Countermeasures to the HRM in Enterprise of 80s Knowledge Workers,” Modern Business, No. 9, 2009, pp. 67-68.

[28]   M. Tampoe, “Motivating Knowledge Workers-The Challenge for the 1990s,” Long Range Planning, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1993, pp. 49-55.

[29]   J. F. Peng and W. J. Zhang, “How to Motivate Knowledge Workers,” Human Resource Development of China, No. 9, 1999, pp. 12-14.

[30]   Y. L. Deng, W. P. Wang, J. Chen and H. Zhou, “The Incentive Mechanism Based on Risk Appetite Knowledge Workers,” Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition), No. 4, 2005, pp. 624-627.

[31]   J. A. Chen, G. Y. Jing, “The Empirical Research on Motivation Factors for Knowledge Workers,” Science of Science and Management of S & T, No. 8, 2005, pp. 101-105.

[32]   C. Zheng and Y. L. Huang, “The Present Situational Probe and Innovation Strategy of Encouragement Mechanism to Knowledge Employees in State-Owned Enterprises,” East China Economic Management, No. 3, 2001, pp. 30-33.

[33]   C. Y. Jiang and S. M. Zhao, “Characteristics, Influencing Factors and Countermeasures for Circulation of Knowledge Worker,” China Soft Science, No. 2, 2001, pp. 85-88.

[34]   J. Z. Zhang, W. Q. Wang and X. Hu, “An Empirical Research on the Motivation Factors and Motivation Tactics of Knowledge Worker in Agricultural High-tech Enterprises,” Journal of Beijing Institute of Technology (Social Sciences Edition), No. 6, 2007, pp. 67-72.

[35]   Y. L. Guo, “The Analysis of Knowledge Staff’s Encouraging Action,” Contemporary Finance & Economics, No. 11, 2002, pp. 63-66.

[36]   A. Yan and L. Li, “Incentive Mechanism Design and Utility Analysis of Knowledge Workers,” Journal of Hunan College of Financial and Economic, No. 4, 2005, pp. 67-71.

[37]   J. Xian and H. M. Zhu, “Discussion about the Motivation of the Knowledge-Based Enterprise Employees,” Enterprise Economy, No. 8, 2003, pp. 125-126.

[38]   J. Li and Y. H. Yu, “Risk Management in Drain of Knowledge Employees,” Shandong Social Science, No. 3, 2003, pp. 35-37.

[39]   J. M. Sun, “Discussion on Management and Motivation of Knowledge Workers,” Journal of Zhongnan University of Finance and Economics, No. 1, 2003, pp. 67-70.

[40]   R. Wang and H. Z. Zhang, “Encouragement Measures for Knowledge Workers,” Science & Technology Progress and Policy, No. 4, 2002, pp. 99-100.

[41]   Y. J. Chen, The New Exploration on Knowledge Workers Motivation Model,” Economics and Management, No. 3, 2004, pp. 67-69.

[42]   X. Y. Luo, “The Effective Incentive Aim at the Knowledge Workers” Characteristics,” Commercial Times, No. 11, 2004, pp. 20-21.

[43]   R. L. Zhang and Y. C. Ding, “The Research Survey of Knowledge Workers Motivation Mechanism,” Economical Social Development, No. 3, 2005, pp. 98-100.

[44]   L. Y. Ge, D. Jang and L. M. Chi, “The Discussion of Effectively Stimulate Knowledge Workers,” East China Economic Management, No. 12, 2006, pp. 117-120.

[45]   X. Min and S. Z. Yan, “Based on the Characteristics of Knowledge Workers Motivation Response,” Chinese Talents Magazine, No. 5, 2004, pp. 72-73.

[46]   C. H. Yang, “A Comparative Analysis on the Motivation Factors of the Knowledge Workers in China and Overseas,” Science & Technology Progress and Policy, No. 6, 2004, pp. 168-170.

[47]   Q. Wang and Y. Wang, “The Discussion of Knowledge Workers and Construction of the Motivation System,” Modern Economic Research, No. 8, 2001, pp. 44-46.

[48]   Y. J. Chen, “The Status Quo and the Transformation Research of Chinese Family Enterprise Management Mode— Take the Zhejiang Family Enterprises for Example,” Industrial Technology & Economy, No. 2, 2004, pp. 37-41.

[49]   J. Wang and J. Wang, “Build the Core Competitiveness of the Hotel in the Knowledge Economy Era,” China Economic & Trade Herald, No. 16, 2009, pp. 81-83.

[50]   W. Q. Wang, “A Comparative Analysis in China and Overseas and Empirical Research on the Motivation Factors of Knowledge Workers,” Journal of University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 2, 2008, pp. 39-43.

[51]   H. Y. Liu and C. Q. Wang, “The Research of Knowledge Workers Motivation Factors and the Engagement,” Guide to Business, No. 2, 2010, pp. 202-203.

[52]   G. Hofstede, “Cultural Constraints in Management Theories,” Academy of Management, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1993, pp. 8-21.

[53]   B. G. Zhao and S. T. Wang, “Knowledge Workers Motivation Research within the Knowledge Team,” Lanzhou Academic Journal, No. 7, 2006, pp. 154,158-161.

[54]   S. Q. Wu and L. Y. He, “The Characteristics of Chinese Knowledge Workers and the Contrast at Home and Abroad,” Science and Technology Management Research, No. 2, 2007, pp. 104-106.

 
 
Top