JCPT  Vol.3 No.4 , October 2013
Bulk Growth and Characterization of D-(–)-Alanine Single Crystals
ABSTRACT

Single crystal of D-()-alanine (DALA), a non-linear optical material from the amino acid family was grown using a home-made crystal growth setup. The crystals of DALA were also grown by slow evaporation solution technique (SEST). The grown crystals were characterized by using single crystal X-ray diffraction, high resolution X-ray diffraction (HRXRD) and UV-vis-NIR and CD spectroscopy. Measurements of Vicker’s microhardness, laser damage threshold (LDT) value and second harmonic generation (SHG) efficiency are also reported. Thermal and dielectric studies were also carried out.


Cite this paper
K. Moovendaran and S. Natarajan, "Bulk Growth and Characterization of D-(–)-Alanine Single Crystals," Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 130-135. doi: 10.4236/jcpt.2013.34021.
References
[1]   N. Vijayan, S. Rajesekaran, G. Bhagavannarayana, R. Ramesh Babu, R. Gopalakrishnan, M. Palanichamy and P. Ramasamy, “Growth and Characterization of Nonlinear Optical Amino Acid Single Crystal: L-Alanine,” Crystal Growth & Design, Vol. 6, No. 11, 2006, pp. 2441-2445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cg049594y

[2]   S. A. Martin Britto Dhas and S. Natarajan, “Growth and Characterization of DL-Alanine—A New NLO Material from the Amino Acid Family,” Materials Letters, Vol. 62, No. 17-18, 2008, pp. 2633-2636. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2008.01.034

[3]   K. Moovendaran, S. A. Martin Britto Dhas and S. Natarajan, “Spectral Characterization of a Non-Centrosymmetric Organic Compound: D-(–)-Alanine,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A, Vol. 112, No. 13, 2013, pp. 326-330. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2013.04.025

[4]   K. Moovendaran, J. Kalyana Sundar and S. Natarajan, “Simultaneous Growth of Several Materials Using a Single Experimental Setup,” Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 334, No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.08.026

[5]   K. Moovendaran and S. Natarajan, “Unidirectional Growth and Characterization of L-Tartaric Acid Single Crystals,” Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2013, pp. 993-998. http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0021889813011680

[6]   K. Lal and G. Bhagavannarayana, “A High-Resolution Diffuse X-Ray Scattering Study of Defects in Dislocation-Free Silicon Crystals Grown by the Float-Zone Me- thod and Comparison with Czochralski-Grown Crystals,” Journal of Applied Crystallography, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1989, pp. 209-215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0021889888014062

[7]   S. A. Martin Britto Dhas, M. Suresh, G. Bhagavannarayana and S. Natarajan, “Growth and Characterization of L-Tartaric Acid, an NLO Material,” Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 309, No. 1, 2007, pp. 48-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2007.09.008

[8]   S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A Powder Technique for the Evaluation of Nonlinear Optical Materials,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 39, No. 8, 1968, pp. 3798-3813. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1656857

[9]   R. Sullivan, M. Pyda, J. Pak, B. Wunderlich, J. R. Thompson, R. Pagni, H. Pan, C. Barnes, P. Schwerdtfeger and R. Compton, “Search for Electroweak Interactions in Amino Acid Crystals. II. The Salam Hypothesis,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 107, No. 34, 2003, pp. 6674-6680. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0225673

[10]   E. M. Onitsch, “The Present Status of Testing the Hardness of Materials,” Mikroskopie, Vol. 95, No. 15, 1956, pp. 12-14.

[11]   C. Balarew and R. Duhlew, “Application of the Hard and Soft Acids and Bases Concept to Explain Ligand Coordination in Double Salt Structures,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 55, No. 1, 1984, pp. 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-4596(84)90240-8

 
 
Top