JSIP  Vol.4 No.3 B , August 2013
Holographic Microwave Imaging Array for Brain Stroke Detection

This paper proposes a new holographic microwave imaging array (HMIA) technique for brain stroke detection. This approach is based on holographic microwave and aperture synthesis imaging techniques. The system is designed for operation at a single frequency of 2.5 GHz. A realistic three dimensional (3D) head model that contains skin, fat, skull, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), grey matter, white matter and ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke area is developed using MATLAB to demonstrate the proposed HMIA imaging algorithm.A matching solution medium is used between the antennas and the head model. The study is conducted using HMIA computer simulations and 3D head model with-stroke.The simulation results showed that small stroke area (5 mmin diameter) could be successfully detected with the HMIA approach.

Cite this paper: L. Wang, A. Al-Jumaily and R. Simpkin, "Holographic Microwave Imaging Array for Brain Stroke Detection," Journal of Signal and Information Processing, Vol. 4 No. 3, 2013, pp. 96-101. doi: 10.4236/jsip.2013.43B017.

[1]   A. S. Mozaffarian, D. Roger, V. L. Benjamin, E. J. Berry, J. D. Borden and M. B. Turner, “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2013 Update A Report From the American Heart Association,” Circulation, Vol. 127, No. 1, 2013. doi:10.1161/CIR.0b013e31828124ad

[2]   B. J. Mohammed, A. M. Abbosh, D. Ireland and M. E. Bialkowski, “Compact Wideband Antenna for Microwave Imaging of Brain,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 27, 2012, pp. 27-39. doi:10.2528/PIERC11102708

[3]   K. W. Muir, A. Buchan, R. Von Kummer, J. Rother and J. C. Baron, “Imaging of Acute Stroke,” The Lancet Neurology, Vol. 5, No. 9, 2006, pp. 755-768. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(06)70545-2

[4]   R. Scapaticci, L. Di Donato, I. Catapano and L. Crocco, “A Feasibility Study on Microwave Imaging for Brain Stroke Monitoring,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 40, 2012, pp. 305-324.

[5]   A. Peyman, S. J. Holden, S. Watts, R. Perrott and C. Gabriel, “Dielectric Properties of Porcine Cerebrospinal Tissues at Microwave Frequencies: In Vivo, in Vitro and Systematic Variation with Age,” Physics in medicine and biology, Vol. 52, No. 8, 2007, p. 2229. doi:10.1088/0031-9155/52/8/013

[6]   S. Gabriel, R. W. Lau and C. Gabriel, “The Dielectric Properties of Biological Tissues: II. Measurements in the Frequency Range 10 Hz to 20 GHz,” Physics in medicine and biology, Vol. 41, No. 11, 1996, pp.2251. doi:10.1088/0031-9155/41/11/002

[7]   S. Y. Semenov and D. R. Corfield, “Microwave TomoGraphy for Brain Imaging: Feasibility Assessment for Stroke Detection,” International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, 2008. doi:10.1155/2008/254830

[8]   D. Ireland and M. Bialkowski, “Feasibility Study on Microwave Stroke Detection Using a Realistic Phantom and the FDTD Method,” Microwave Conference Proceedings (APMC), 2010 Asia-Pacific, 2010, pp. 1360-1363.

[9]   H. Trefna and M. Persson, “Antenna Array Design for Brain Monitoring,” Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 2008, pp.1-4.

[10]   L. Wang, R. Simpkin, and A. M. Al-Jumaily, “Holography Microwave Imaging Array for Early Breast Cancer Detection,”Proceedings of 2012 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Houston, Texas, United States, 2012.

[11]   L. Wang, R. Simpkin and A. M. Al-Jumaily, “3D Breast Cancer Imaging Using Holographic Microwave InterFerometry,” Proceedings of the 27th Conference on Image and Vision Computing New Zealand, pp. 180-185.

[12]   S. Silver, “Microwave Antenna Theory and Design, MIT Radiation Laboratory Series,” Vol. 10, 1949, p. 87.

[13]   M. Born and E. Wolf, “Principles of Optics: ElectroMagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light,” Pergamon Press, Sixth Edition, 1980, p. 510.