JSIP  Vol.4 No.3 B , August 2013
A Study of Motor Bearing Fault Diagnosis using Modulation Signal Bispectrum Analysis of Motor Current Signals

Failure of induction motors are a large concern due to its influence over industrial production. Motor current signature analysis (MCSA) is common practice in industry to find motor faults. This paper presents a new approach to detection and diagnosis of motor bearing faults based on induction motor stator current analysis. Tests were performed with three bearing conditions: baseline, outer race fault and inner race fault. Because the signals associated with faults produce small modulations to supply component and high nose levels, a modulation signal bispectrum (MSB) is used in this paper to detect and diagnose different motor bearing defects. The results show that bearing faults can induced a detestable amplitude increases at its characteristic frequencies. MSB peaks show a clear difference at these frequencies whereas conventional power spectrum provides change evidences only at some of the frequencies. This shows that MSB has a better and reliable performance in extract small changes from the faulty bearing for fault detection and diagnosis. In addition, the study also show that current signals from motors with variable frequency drive controller have too much noise and it is unlikely to discriminate the small bearing fault component.

Cite this paper: A. Alwodai, T. Wang, Z. Chen, F. Gu, R. Cattley and A. Ball, "A Study of Motor Bearing Fault Diagnosis using Modulation Signal Bispectrum Analysis of Motor Current Signals," Journal of Signal and Information Processing, Vol. 4 No. 3, 2013, pp. 72-79. doi: 10.4236/jsip.2013.43B013.

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