ABSTRACT Energy consumption is the core issue in wireless sensor networks (WSN). To generate a node energy model that can accurately reveal the energy consumption of sensor nodes is an extremely important part of protocol development, system design and performance evaluation in WSNs. In this paper, by studying component energy consumption in different node states and within state transitions, the authors present the energy models of the node core components, including processors, RF modules and sensors. Furthermore, this paper reveals the energy correlations between node components, and then establishes the node energy model based on the event-trigger mechanism. Finally, the authors simulate the energy models of node components and then evaluate the energy consumption of network protocols based on this node energy model. The proposed model can be used to analyze the WSNs energy consumption, to evaluate communication protocols, to deploy nodes and then to construct WSN applications.
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