OJMS  Vol.3 No.4 , October 2013
Recovery Process on Soft-Bottom Macrobenthic Communities after Artificial Disturbance in Tropical Polluted Estuary (Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
ABSTRACT

The regime of disturbance with natural or anthropogenic origin can lead to the destabilization or even to a mass mortality of benthic communities. Due to the heterogeneity of the disturbance there is a formation of patches in different stages of ecological succession. The aim of this study is to follow and describe the resilience in artificial disturbed sediment in a polluted bay in Rio de Janeiro. The sediment was collected, sterilized and placed inside corers (10 cmdiameter ×15 cmheight) in the same place where it was collected. We allocated the samples in two structures, the difference between them was that one was placed closed to the bottom and the other was placed50 cmheight. We found 2352 organisms distributed in 14 taxons. The class Polychaeta and the order Amphipoda showed the highest density in all the survey and treatments. We identified the factors influencing the scenarium: different mechanisms of dispersal, the position of the structures and life history of each group. Disturbance can be the main cause of the patch’s diversity found in estuaries and coastal areas. Because of this, monitoring of selected areas becomes an important tool to understand the regime of disturbance as a key factor structuring benthic communities in soft sediment, also suggesting a metapopulation dynamics.


Cite this paper
C. Pereira, L. Pessoa, M. Freitas and C. Echeverría, "Recovery Process on Soft-Bottom Macrobenthic Communities after Artificial Disturbance in Tropical Polluted Estuary (Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)," Open Journal of Marine Science, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 161-166. doi: 10.4236/ojms.2013.34018.
References
[1]   J. A. De-la-Ossa-Carretero, Y. Del-Pilar-Russo, F. Giménez-Casalduero and J. L. Sánchez-Liazaso, “Assessing Reliable Indicators to Sewage Pollution in Coastal SoftBottom Communities,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 184, No. 4, 2012, pp. 2133-2149.

[2]   W. P. Sousa, “The Role of Disturbance in Natural Communities,” Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1984, pp. 353-391.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.15.110184.002033

[3]   R. Rosenberg, “Benthic Faunal Dynamics during Succession Following Pollution Abatement in a Swedish Estuary,” Oikos, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1976, pp. 414-427.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3543460

[4]   S. F. Thrush and P. K. Dayton, “Disturbance to Marine Benthic Habitats by Trawling and Dredging: Implications for Marine Biodiversity,” Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, No. 1, 2002, pp. 449-473.

[5]   R. D. Seitz, “Gradient Effects on Structuring of SoftBottom Benthic Infauna: Macoma balthica and Predation, Recruitment, and Food Availability,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 409, No. 1-2, 2011, pp. 114-121.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2011.08.014

[6]   J. Grant, “The Relative Magnitude of Biological and Physical Sediment Reworking in an Intertidal Community,” Journal of Marine Research, Vol. 41, No. 4, 1983, pp. 673-689. http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/002224083788520469

[7]   K. Dernie, M. Kaiser, E. Richardson and R. Warwick. “Recovery of Soft Sediment Communities and Habitats Following Physical Disturbance,” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol. 285, No. 6, 2003, pp. 415-434.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(02)00541-5

[8]   H. Caswell, “Predator-Mediated Coexistence: A Nonequilibrium Model,” The American Naturalist, Vol. 112, No. 983, 1978, pp. 127-154.

[9]   G. Niemi, P. Devore, N. Detenbeck, D. Taylor, A. Lima, J. Pastor, J. Yount and R. Naiman. “Overview of Case Studies on Recovery of Aquatic Systems from Disturbance,” Environmental Management, Vol. 14, No. 5, 1990, pp. 571-587. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02394710

[10]   L. Lu and R. Wu, “Recolonization and Succession of Marine Macrobenthos in Organic-Enriched Sediment Deposited from Fish Farms,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 101, No. 2, 1998, pp. 241-251.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(98)00041-4

[11]   P. Probert, “Disturbance, Sediment Stability, and Trophic Structure of Soft-Bottom Communities,” Journal of Marine Research, Vol. 42, No. 4, 1984, pp. 893-921.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/002224084788520837

[12]   J. H. Connell and R. O. Slatyer, “Mechanisms of Succession in Natural Communities and Their Role in Community Stability and Organization,” The American Naturalist, Vol. 111, No. 982, 1977, pp. 1119-1144.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/283241

[13]   J. R. Pawlik, “Chemical Ecology of the Settlement of Benthic Marine Invertebrates,” Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, Vol. 30, 1992, pp 273-335.

[14]   T. Pearson and R. Rosenberg, “Macrobenthic Succession in Relation to Organic Enrichment and Pollution of the Marine Environment,” Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, Vol. 16, 1978, pp. 229-311.

[15]   L. Lu and R. Wu, “An Experimental Study on Recolonization and Succession of Marine Macrobenthos in Defaunated Sediment,” Marine Biology, Vol. 136, No. 2, 2000, pp. 291-302.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002270050687

[16]   B Kjerfve, L. De Lacerda and G. Drns, “Baía de Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,” Coastal Marine Ecosystems of Latin America, Vol. 144, 2000, pp. 107-117.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-04482-7_9

[17]   J. M. G. G. Martin Thiel, A. L. Domingo and N. Vásquez, “The Distribution of Littoral Caprellids (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Caprellidea) Along the Pacific Coast of Continental Chile,” Revista Chilena De Historia Natural, Vol. 76, No. 2, 2003, pp. 297-312.

[18]   M. A. Guimaraens, B. R. L. Araújo, J. F. Silva and J. P. S. Carneiro, “Modeling the Succession of Barnacles and Mussels on a Sandstone Reef in Pernambuco State, Brazil,” Hydrobilogia, Vol. 658, No. 1, 2011, pp. 365-372.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-010-0506-2

[19]   C. A. Echeverría, R. A. F. Neves, L. A. Pessoa and P. C. Paiva, “Spatial and Temporal Distribution of the Gastropod He-Leobia Australis in an Eutrophic Estuarine System Suggests a Metapopulation Dynamics,” Natural Science, Vol. 2, No. 8, 2010, pp. 860-867.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ns.2010.28108

[20]   L. H. Gunderson, “Ecological Resilience in Theory and Application,” Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2000, pp. 425-439.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.31.1.425

[21]   B. Kjerfve, C. H. A. Ribeiro, G. Dias, A. M. Filippo and V. S. Quaresma, “Oceanographic Characteristics of an Impacted Coastal Bay: Baía de Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,” Continental Shelf Research, Vol. 17, No. 13, 1997, pp. 1609-1643.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0278-4343(97)00028-9

[22]   A. Lorke, B. Müller, M. Maerki and A Wüest, “Breathing Sediments: The CT of Diffusive Transport across the Sediment: Water Interface by Periodic Boundary-Layer Turbulence,” Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 48, No. 6, 2003, pp. 2077-2085.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2003.48.6.2077

[23]   D. Boesch and R. Rosenberg, “Response to Stress in Marine Benthic Communities,” In: G. W. Barrett and R. Rosenberg, Eds., Stress Effects on Natural Ecosystems, John Wiley, Chichester, pp. 179-200.

[24]   W. H. Clements, N. K. M. Vieira and S. E. Church, “Quantifying Restoration Success and Recovery in a MetalPolluted Stream: A 17-Year Assessment of Physicochemical and Biological Responses,” Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2010, pp. 899-910.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01838.x

[25]   G. H. Orians, “Diversity, Stability and Maturity in Natural Ecosystems,” Unifying Concepts Ecology, 1975, pp. 139-150.

[26]   S. Thrush, J. Hewitt, V. Cummings, P. Dayton, M. Cryer, S. Turner, G. Funnell, R. Budd, C. Milburn and M. Wilkinskn, “Disturbance of the Marine Benthic Habitat by Commercial Fishing: Impacts at the Scale of the Fishery,” Ecological Applications, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1998, pp. 866-879.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(1998)008[0866:DOTMBH]2.0.CO;2

[27]   J. M. Guerra-Garcia and J. C. Garcia-Gomez, “Recolonization of Macrofauna in Unpolluted Sands Placed in a Polluted Yachting Harbour: A Field Approach Using Experimental Trays,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 81, No. 1, 2009, pp. 49-58.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2008.10.002

[28]   E. Precht, U. Franke, L. Polerecky and M. Huettel, “Oxygen Dynamics in Permeable Sediments with Wave-Driven Pore Water Exchange,” Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 49, No. 3, 2004, pp. 693-705.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2004.49.3.0693

[29]   D. P. Weston, “Quantitative Examination of Macrobenthic Community Changes along an Organic Enrichment Gradient,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 61, No. 3, 1990, pp. 233-244.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps061233

 
 
Top